After the independence of India, whatever research work has been done on the topic of freedom struggle of India, has been mostly motivated by political selfishness. The diabolical alliance of Nehruvian and Marxist historians have never given any place to the nationalist ideology and the staunch nationalists in the textbooks. Marxists and Nehruvian, who believe in person worship and boot licking, tried hard to marginalize Bankim Chandra, a man rich of such a versatility.
BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTERJEE was born in a prosperous Bengali family on 27 June 1838 in NAIHATI, BENGAL. He was a writer, poet, novelist, essayist, journalist etc. Basically he was well-versed in all aspects and genres of literature, Bankim Chandra made full use of his talent for the service of the nation.
The British rule had created a new class in India – the middle class. They had their own problems, the dilemma of these problems is also visible in the literature of Bankim Chandra. Bankim Chandra was probably the first littérateur to connect deeply with the public. Prior to this, literature was either purely religious or a fashionable status symbol to the elite class of the society. The credit for the democratization of literature in India goes to Bankim Chandra.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONDITION OF INDIA AT THAT TIME
1. In those days India was going through great turmoil. The East India Company (E.I.C) was trying to capture the power in India. The Islamic empire was on the verge of collapse. The hope of building a Hindu nation once again, was in the dust with the defeat of the Maratha and Sikh empires. There was an atmosphere of chaos all around.
2.India had become an island under Islamic rule. Cut off from all over the world. The progress of science and the industrial revolution had completely changed the western world but unfortunately India was still in medieval times. In the western world, literature was playing an important role in awakening the common people, whereas in India literature was still limited to religious books. The Hindu civilizationwhich once made seminal contributions in the field of trigonometry, algebra, arithmetic, music, art and literature had forgotten all its glory in Islamic slavery.
3.The Hindus watched the changing circumstances with a defeated sense of self, engulfed in despair. India was gradually moving out of the hands of one imperial power and going into the hands of another imperialist power. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee appeared in such dire circumstances like a beacon of light, new energy was infused among the Hindus, and a great race which was sleeping for centuries rose again against the imperialist powers with full force.
Undoubtedly Anand Math is the best work of Bankim Chandra.
The novel describes the Sanyasi rebellion of 1773 in Bengal. It depicts the valor and sacrifice of the agitators who challenged the British. The famous song BANDE MATRAM which is also the national song of India was mentioned in this novel itself. The translations of Anand Math are available in almost all the major languages spoken in India. Generally people are well acquainted with the name of the book Anand Math, but only for the reason that the song described in this book later became the national song of India, however there are many ideas in this book which became the main basis of India’s freedom struggle but are still known very less.
Answers to many questions, doubts related to Indian civilization and culture can also be obtained from this book.
BACKGROUND OF THE ANAND MATH (The Abbey Of Bliss).
Around 1770 there was a terrible famine in Bengal. Millions of people died due to this famine. The famine was so terrible that many people started eating trees, leaves, etc for the survival. This tragedy was penned by British officer Wilson Hunter in his book, The Annals of Rural Bengal.
Along with the famine, many diseases also started spreading like Cholera, tuberculosis and smallpox. People started tosuccumb to the diseases. Family members were leaving the patient alone. Taking advantage of such a time, thieves, swindlers, dacoits were engaged in robbery.
Even in such dire circumstances, the ruling class was not in a mood to provide any concession to the common people, they kept increasing the tax. When seeing such a painful situation, the monks of Bengal blew the trumpet of rebellion against the ruling class. The heroic saga of the revolutionaries who challenged the British rule is the basis of the novel Anand Math.
WHY DO WE CALL OUR COUNTRY AS MOTHER LAND ?
” It is the country and no mortal mother ” — cried Mahendra. ” We own no other mother,” retorted Bhavananda ; “they say, ‘the mother and the land of birth are higher than heaven.’ We think the land of birth to be no ether than our mother herself. We have no mother, no father, no brother, no wife, no child, no hearth or home, we have only got the mother.
In Valmiki Ramayana, the most sacred book of Hindus, in two lines of verses, there is a mention of Shri Ram describing the birthplace as more sacred even than the heaven. Bankim Chandra has told the youth the glory of the mother land by referring to this holy book. Bankim Chandra has clarified that the first duty of every Hindu is to try to free his mother land from foreign invaders.
WHY WERE HINDUS DEFEATED BY MUSLIM INVADERS ?
” Maharaj, why have the gods grown offended with us ? For what fault have we been beaten by the Mussulmans ? “ ” The gods are not averse ” said Satyananda. ” In warfare you have defeats as well as victories. The other day we were victorious, to-day we are worsted. It is the final victory that is worth the name. I am sure that Vishnu who has ever been so kind to us with his conch, disc, club and lotus will prove as kind again. We will have to carry through the vow which we have taken with the touch of His sacred foot. If we fail, eternal Hell shall be our lot. I have no doubt about our ultimate success, but we have to recognise that, as no work can succeed without divine grace, so too is human enterprize necessary for everything. The reason for our defeat is that we have no arms. What can sticks and spears do before cannons, guns and shot ? So we have been beaten because we were wanting in enterprize. What we have now to do is to see that we may not lack those arms in future.”
Weapons are needed to resist the invading forces. Victory cannot be achieved by talking empty peace. To make his point accessible to the common man, Bankim Chandra took the help of Karma Yoga of Gita. Taking recourse to the teachings given by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the Gita, he gave his views on violence and non-violence in detail. Bankim Chandra, while giving his opinion in clear words, said that if a person tries to kill you, then killing such a person is the very first act of non-violence. In this way, Bankim Chandra has also tried to give evidence of the failure of the first revolution of 1857 in his statement.
REINTERPRETATION OF HINDUISM
I shall explain the position to you as great men have understood it. The True Faith does not consist in the worship of 330 million deities ; that is only a base religion of the masses. Under its influence the True Faith, which Mlecchas call Hinduism, has disappeared. The true Hinduism is based on knowledge and not on action. This knowledge is of two kinds, subjective and objective. The subjective know- ledge is the essential part of the True Faith, but till you have objective knowledge the subjective knowledge can never grow.
In very strict and harsh words, Bankim Chandra has focused the attention of the general public towards the evils of Hindu religion. According to him, because of the defeat of Hinduism, many distortions have come, which are absolutely necessary to be resolved. He says that the worship of 33 crore deities is not following the real Sanatan Dharma.This sort of religion is a fallen religion. In Hinduism the primacy of knowledge has been accepted.
Influence and Inspirations
Clear impressions of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee are visible in the nationalist ideas of Swami Vivekananda,Arvind Ghosh, Sachindra Nath Sanyal etc.
The formation and functioning of Anushilan Samiti, the nursery of revolutionary activities in India, was also based on the ideas of Bankim Chandra.
Taking Bankim Chandra’s interpretation of Gita as the basis, Arvind Ghosh presented his own interpretation of Gita.
Many people sacrificed their lives in the struggle for the freedom of India. But there were some great personalities who not only sacrificed their lives but also inspired thousands and thousands of people to fight for freedom.One such greatrevolutionary was ——Sachindranath Sanyal.
Who was Sachindra Nath Sanyal? Congress and Marxists made a malafide attempt to keep this greatest revolutionary in oblivion after independence. Why the struggles of this greatest revolutionary could not find a place in the history books.
A Glimpse of Sachin Da’s Contribution in India’s Freedom Struggle.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal spent twenty one years in prison out of fifty years of his life.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal was the only revolutionary who was sentenced to life imprisonment twice.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal also had three younger brothers.Jitendra Nath Sanyal, Rabindra Nath Sanyal,Bhupendra Nath Sanyal. Brothers of Sachindra Nath Sanyal were also active in the armed freedom struggle, due to which all these brothers also had to go to prison many times. and spent years in jail in the freedom struggle.
The book “Bandi – jeevan”(A LIFE OF CAPTIVITY ) written by Sachindra Nath Sanyal is called theBible of Indian revolutionaries, which was translated into more than twenty-eight languagesand countless people who read this book chose the path of revolution for the independence of the country.
Sachindra nath Sanyal was the founder of “Hindustan Republican Association”
Sanyal was a close associate of the famous revolutionary Rash Bihari and Subhash Chandra Bose. Sachindra Nath Sanyal was the political teacher (GURU) of great revolutionaries likeChandrashekhar Azad, BhagatSingh, Trilokya Chakraborty, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Nalini Kishore Guh, Baba Prithvi Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Lala Hardayal, Ajit Singh . Sachindra Nath Sanyal was popularly known as Sachin Daamong revolutionaries.
This country and countrymen will always be indebted to Sachin Da. His entire family struggled for the freedom of the country, Hardly any other example can be found. Sachindranath Sanyal was not only a revolutionary, a great philosopher, writer, teacher and creator of the entire army of revolutionaries.There is no revolutionary who wasn’t influenced by Sachindra da. Sachindra Nath Sanyal was a great warrior who attempted to re-arm revolution in India after the revolt of 1857. Well, I personally like to evaluate any person on the basis of work, not on the basis of that person’s family, and personal relationships, but Sachindra Sanyal’s subject is something very different . Sachin da’s never giving up and striving nature was developed by his family. Apart from this, very little has been written on Sachindranath Sanyal, and that is why very few people know about him so I decided to write this post to make more and more people acquainted with Sachin Da.
Sachindranath Sanyal was born on 3rd June 1893 in his ancestral residence in Madanpura locality of Varanasi. His father Harinath Sanyalwas a nationalist person. His mother Kshirodhavasini was an indomitable, courageous and pious woman. They raised their children in a nationalist environment. His father was an accountant in the army. He was transferred from place to place. Due to which the childhood of Shachindranath Sanyal was spent in cities like Kolkata, Banaras, Peshawar etc. Two childhood incidents which reveal Sachin da’s nature and determination. When Sachin da’s father was posted in Shimla (the summer capital of those days) he once saved his younger brother Jitendra by risking his life. (he saved the life of his younger brother who had slipped and was about to fall from the hill of Shimla) Once a young British horse rider had pushed his mother while riding a horse, on which Sachindra da beat up that defiant young man. His father died in 1908, due to which Sachin Da’s family shifted to their ancestral house in Banaras (Varanasi). For more information about this subjectplease visit :-https://nithinks.com/2021/06/20/yoga-how-tech-yogi-saw-the-light-of-the-future-in-the-brahmastra-of-the-hindu-nationalists/
To understand Sachin Da, one has to understand that era. The era of the nineteenth century was the era of “renaissance of India and mainly of Bengal”. The national movement was getting social, political, economic and moral support from this Bengal renaissance. Poems of Michael MadhusudanDutt,Ranglal Bandyopadhyay, with national sentiment And most importantly —– Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee reinterpreted the Gita, the holy book of the Hindus. Durgeshnandini,Anand Math and Devi Chaudharani written by Bankimchandra also presented armed rebellion against injustice as an ideal. अहिंसा परमो धर्मः धर्म हिंसायथैव च.Non Violence is the ultimate religion (Dharma) So too is violence in service of Dharma. Even killing a Brahman who has come to kill you is not a sin.Shri Krishna chanted the mantra of Shakti during Kurukshetra,encouraging Arjuna the war-bearer. After a long time, those mantras again filled the youth with hope. In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve. The novel, based on the revolt of the monks of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country. The exploitation of British imperialism had created discontent throughout the country. The freedom struggle of 1857, the French Revolution, the Irish struggle, Japan’s victory in the Russia-Japanese War had strengthened the spirit of nationalism. Harinath Sanyal, influenced by the spirit of nationalism, admitted Sachindra and his younger brother to the Anushilan Samiti. Along with the exercise, the youth were also imparted the education of nationalism. Gradually such organizations were becoming popular among educated middle class youth in other parts of the country as well.
ANUSHILAN :-(To give serious thought to a subject). It was founded by Satish Chandra Basu in 1902. It was also known as the first school of revolutionaries. It is clear from seeing the symbol of Anushilan Samiti that this committee had a firm belief in the concept of motherland of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. The only objective of this organization was to prepare the members of Anushilan Samiti for any sacrifice for the motherland. Here the map of united India, and in clear letters, “जननी जन्म-भूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरियसी”(MOTHER AND MOTHERLAND ARE SUPERIOR EVEN TO HEAVEN) can be seen.For more information about this subjectplease visit :-https://nithinks.com/2021/01/25/bharat-mata-mandirmother-india-temple-and-vande-mataram/
After 1885, Ramesh Chandra Dutt, and Dadabhai Naoroji also started to attribute the poverty of India to British imperialism in the Congress sessions. In the famine of 1887-90, lakhs of people died in Bengal, the 1905 break-up(Bengal partition ) further ignited the flame of revolution. Swadeshi Swaraj, and boycott of foreign goods gained more momentum. Leaving the path of persuasion in the freedom movement, Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai (Garam-Dal) came out. Lala Lajpat Rai was imprisoned in 1907, Tilak in 1908. There were many cases against Bipinchandrapal. The British government resorted to harsh repression. Press Act, Arms Act was enacted. The repression of the British government further fueled militant nationalism. National movements gained more momentum. The thoughts of Sachindra Nath Sanyal were formed in this background.
FROM WHITE CITY TO CITY OF SHIVA
The ancestors of Sachindra Sanyal had settled in Benares (Varanasi)from Bengal. The ancestors of Sachindra da were a distinguished scholar. Impressed by his scholarship, Raja Chet Singh of Banaras had appointed him as a Pandit.
While working on Sachin da’s story, dusting off some old reading rooms and libraries in Banaras, I came to my attention to an article published in a years old magazine. In this short article written about Sachin Da (barely ten lines) The author, Mrs. Monica Sanyal, who wrote this article, had written about the arrival of Sachin da’s ancestor to Benares and the appointment of a Pandit in the court of Raja Chet Singh. This was an extraordinary information for me. Because in this one line, the secret of nationalism of Sachin da’s family, and attachment to revolution was hidden.
During the time of Raja Chet Singh, a rebellion had failed in Banaras. What if this rebellion had been successful? Perhaps the country would have become independent on15 August 1781 instead of 15 August 1947(yes the dates are the same). Undoubtedly, the ancestors of Sachin da were closely associated with this rebellion due to the appointment of Pandit by Raja Chet Singh, and being a scholar, he must have been very well aware of the reasons for the failure of this rebellion. The upcoming generations were also affected by this. Naturally how Sachin da alone once again tried to make the country independent through armed revolution, created a revolutionary organization, united the revolutionaries across the country, The “failed revolution of Benaras” must have been behind this marathon effort. For more information about this subjectplease visit :-https://nithinks.com/2020/08/14/benares-rebellion-15august-1781/
The failure of the Banaras revolution, the first freedom struggle of 1857, the principle of Karma of Gita, the thoughts of Swami Vivekananda, Arvind Ghosh and many great revolutionaries of the world and their sacrifices can be seen in the philosophy of Sachin da. For more information about this subjectplease visit :-https://nithinks.com/2021/06/10/a-happily-tea-adict-country/
“Any man who tells you that an act of armed resistance-even if offered by ten men only-even if offered by men armed with stones-any men who tell you that such an act of resistance is premature, imprudent, or dangerous, any and every such man should be at once spurned and spat at, for remark you this and recollect that somewhere and some how and by somebody a beginning must be made and that the first act of resistance is always and must be premature imprudent and dangerous”
This statement of an Irish revolutionary has been mentioned by Sachindra Nath Sanyal in his book Bandi Jeevan. This statement seems as if it has been written for Sachindra Nath Sanyal . Never give up, complete dedication and endless effort.
I TELL YOU: – ONE MUST STILL HAVE CHAOS IN ONESELF TO GIVE BIRTH TO A DANCING STAR. I TELL YOU STILL HAVE CHAOS IN YOURSELVES. ( FRIEDRICH NIETZCHE)
CHAOS IS NECESSARY TO THE BIRTH OF NEW STAR Sachindra Sanyal has also mentioned this sentence in his book.
Beginning of Revolutionary Life :- The revolutionary life of Sachindra Sanyal started from Varanasi. Sanyal established the branch of Anushilan Samiti in Varanasi. When Anushilan Samiti was banned, its name was changed to Young Man Association. There was also an internal committee of this organization. Young people used to sign with their blood in front of Mother Kali and become its members. The members of the association used to cut white pumpkins during Kali Puja. This white pumpkin was a symbol of British rule. As the right hand of Rash Bihari Bose, Sachindra Nath Sanyal established many revolutionary centers. About eight thousand members of Hindustan-Ghadar Party, a well-known organization of revolutionaries, The passengers coming to India by ships were also taken in their crew immediately. Komagatamaru,Nishanmaru,Tosha Maru, SS Korea,etc. On the advice of Rash Bihari Bose, an attempt was made for a mass dedicated revolution like the revolution of 1857. Vishnu Ganesh Pingale, the leader of the Ghadar Party, met Rash Bihari Bose in Banaras(Varanasi). Sachindra Nath Sanyal came to Punjab for the purpose of revolution, after coming here he met Kartar Singh Sarabha, and other leaders of Ghadar Party. Sachindra Nath Sanyal also gave some revolvers and bullets to Kartar Singh Sarabha. After some time Rash Bihari Bose took over the leadership of Punjab. By going to Banaras, Punjab and many military cantonments of the country, the revolutionaries prepared soldiers. The soldiers of the Miyamari, Ferozepur Military Cantonments got ready for the revolution on February 19, 1915. Unfortunately, the secret of revolution was exposed and the revolutionaries were arrested.
KAALA PAANI:-(CELLCULAR JAIL) This prison remains in Port Blair, the capital of Andaman and Nicobar. Now it has been converted into a national monument. Cellular Jail– A prison surrounded by water on all sides, due to which no one could escape from here. It was the most infamous prison during the British period. Here the revolutionaries were kept and treated inhumanly.
FIRST LIFE IMPRISONMENT
Sachindra Nath Sanyal went to the military cantonment of Varanasi many times to prepare the soldiers for the revolution. Ten powerful bombs were also given to Vishnu-Ganesh Pingale by the revolutionaries of Varanasi. Pingle got arrested with bombs in Meerut military cantonment. The soldiers of the military cantonment of Varanasi refused to hand over their weapons. Many soldiers were court-martialed. Sachindra Nath Sanyal was arrested on 26 June 1915 in Varanasi. Sachindra Nath Sanyal was imprisoned in Lahore jail in handcuffs and shackles. Then brought back to Varanasi, trial was held in the special tribunal. Along with Sachindra Nath Sanyal, his two younger brothers Ravindra and Jeetendra, Damodar Swaroop of Kota were also trialed. Sachindra Nath Sanyal and Girija Babu were sentenced to life imprisonment.Jitendra Nath Sanyal, brother of Sachindra Nath Sanyal, was sentenced to two years. Sachindra Nath Sanyal was placed under house arrest in Gorakhpur. All the property of Sachindra Nath Sanyal was confiscated and mother of Sachindra Nath Sanyal was thrown out of the house.
This great revolutionary was sent to the Cellular Jail in Andaman. In the Cellular Jail, Sanyal was given the job of plowing like a bull in an oil mill with a blindfoldonhis eyes. For refusing this work, he was given a more severe punishment. After Britain’s victory in World War I, amnesty was given to political prisoners. Under this amnesty, Sachindra was released on February 1920. Immediately after his release he met many national leaders for the release of other prisoners. A few days later, Sachindra Nath Sanyal was also married to Pratibha Devi.
Contact with Gandhi :- On the initiative of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, The revolutionaries assured Gandhiji that they would not take any revolutionary action for one year and would fully cooperate with Gandhiji. It happened, but when Mahatma Gandhi withdrew his first non-cooperation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident, the revolutionaries again took up arms. Sachindra Sanyal founded the famous revolutionary organization Hindustan Republican Association in 1922. Sachindra Sanyal made about twenty centers of this revolutionary organization in North India. He also wrote pamphlets under the name “request to the countrymen” and “Revolutionary”. The session of the Hindustan Republican Association was held in Kolkata in 1924. The documents prepared by Sachindra Sanyal about the continuation of both open and secret movements in the country. For more information about this subjectplease visit :-https://nithinks.com/2020/10/02/gandhi-irrelevant-on-social-media/
Life Imprisonment For The Second Time
Soon Sachindra Sanyal was again imprisoned for giving impetuous speeches. This time he got a harsh punishment of two years. A few days after his release from jail, Sachindra Sanyal was associated with the KAKORI TRAIN ACTION(Kakori conspiracy case Years later, on 9th August 2021, the name of “Kakori Conspiracy” has been changed to “Kakori Train Action. )The revolutionaries looted the government treasury going by train at a place called Kakori near Lucknow. Revolutionaries associated with the Hindustan Republican Association were involved in this robbery. The police arrested many people in connection with this case. Finally, the court sentenced Rajender Nath Lahiri, Thakur Roshan Singh, Ashfaq Ullah Khan, Ram Prasad Bismil to death in the Kakori case. Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Sachindra Nath Bakshi, Yogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Mukund Lal, Govind Charan were imprisoned for life under Kala Pani(Sent to Port Blair Cellular Jail)Manmanath Gupta for 14 years. Many more people were jailed for many years. Sachin Da was released in 1937. He was arrested again in 1939 when the Second World War started. This time it was alleged that he was attempting an armed revolution in India with the help of Japan. A prisoner got tuberculosis in the jail, in those days people were very afraid of tuberculosis, as a result the prison staff refused to treat this prisoner. Sachindra Nath Sanyal himself took the responsibility of this prisoner, while serving this prisoner he himself became a victim of tuberculosis. This great revolutionary died of tuberculosis on 6th February 1943. The effort to make the impossible possible, the desire to sacrifice everything for the country is what makes this great soul different than others. The history of revolution and freedom struggle of India cannot be imagined without Sachindra Sanyal. There is no page in the history of India’s freedom struggle where Sachin da’s clear impression cannot be felt. As long as the freedom struggle of India will be remembered by the people, the sacrifice of Sachindra Nath Sanyal, the life of struggle will continue to inspire people.
For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. Sri Aurobindo
Bharat Mata Ki Jay—Victory to mother India
“We do not consider anyone else as mother Mother and motherland are superior even to heaven.”
Bharat Mata Temple. (Mother India) In this temple, the country of India is depicted as Bharat Mata.
Bharat Mata Temple in Varanasi is located about a kilometer from Cant- railway station. This temple is near Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth University. The temple has a beautiful campus. The walls of this campus depict major events related to India’s freedom struggle through paintings. The Fine Arts Department of the University is also on this campus, due to which a large number of students can be seen here. Bharat Mata Mandir(Mother India) is a two-story building made of sandstone on the campus. Important Information related to the temple is written on the information plate.
The building was designed by freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.
The central atrium houses a map of undivided India (Akhand Bharat carved in marble as a votive object. The main building is double storied and square in plan. The map comprises 762 square pieces of marble measuring 11″x11″ Bach was built by 30. Sculptors and 25 masons. The relief map sunken in the floor can be seen from the first floor circumambulatory passage. It measures 950 m x 920 m at the scale of 1:405500 (1 inch being equal to 6.4 miles). The temple building is situated at a slight height, for which some stairs have to be climbed.
Complete Vande Mataram National Song (Rashtra-Geet) is written on both sides of the main door. Gayatri Mantra is inscribed on the main entrance of the temple. Swastik, the sacred mark of Hindus, is also built here. Do not pay attention to any Marxist, Propaganda; it is a very ancient Hindu symbol that has been in use for thousands of years. (These signs have also been found in the excavations of Harappa, Mohenjodaro). Some holy Hindu icons made with it can break the heart of any communist, Marxists.
SIX POINT STAR
SIX-POINTED STAR(SHATKONA) is two interlocking triangles; the upper stands for Shiva, ’Purusha’(male energy) and fire, the lower for Shakti,’Prakriti’(female power) and water. Their union gives birth to Sanatkumara, whose sacred number is six.
What is the historical similarity between these holy and thousands year old Hindu icons and the holy symbols of Jews, The Star of David, Seal of Solomon? It would be better if left to historians.
On entering the main gate, a geographical map of India is made on the floor. This map shows Akhand Bharat (this map precedes the partition of India-Pakistan), for this reason, it is called Bharat Mata Mandir(Mother India). For the children studying in school, away from the world of boring books and school settlements, this was a great place to give them some good and entertaining education.
Who is Bharat Mata? Why do we say Bharat Mata Ki Jai? Why do we say Bande Mataram? Answers to many such questions and our philosophy of civilization, culture, history, and the geographical journey can be done very easily here.
Mother is very important in Hindu religion, philosophy, due to this reason, nature, sacred rivers; a cow has the status of the mother in India.
Swami Vivekananda, who introduced the whole world through Hinduism, culture, yoga, and meditation, said that _
Her curse is a blessing!
“One who does not worship his mother can never truly rise.”
In India, the mother is the Centre of the family and our highest ideal. To us, she is representative of God, as God himself is the mother of the universe.
Why should the Hindu mother be worshipped? Our philosophers try to find a reason and they come to this definition: We call ourselves the Aryan race. What is the Aryan? He is a man whose birth is through religion .this is a peculiar subject, perhaps in this country; but the idea is that a man must be born through religion, through prayers. If you take up our law books you will find chapters devoted to this—the prenatal influence of a mother on the child.
The following lecture was delivered at Cambridge, December 17, 1894, and recorded by Miss Frances Willard’s stenographer.
Sita is typical of India— idealized India. The question is not whether she ever lived, whether the story is history or not, we know that the ideal is there.
India did not even have its own independent national flag at the time of British colonialism. Every nation in the world has its own national flag, which symbolizes that country’s independence, sovereignty, integrity, unity. According to Indian civilization and culture, imagining the country as a mother was also compatible with the feelings of the common people of the country.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjeearrived under such circumstances. He had not said anything new – he had interpreted the Gita afresh.Amidst an atmosphere of despair, there was an assurance of victory in the verses of Gita.
Shri Krishna chanted the mantra of Shakti during Kurukshetra, encouraging Arjuna the war-bearer. After a long time, those mantras again filled the youth with hope. In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve.
The novel, based on the revolt of the monks of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country.
In protest against Lord Curzon’s partition of Bengal —-
One slogan echoed throughout the country —– Vande Mataram
On seeing any British, children also started announcing Vande Mataram to tease him.
Describing the same incident, famous Bengali writer Vimal Mitra has written that after seeing a British officer who went out on a morning walk, some children started shouting Vande Mataram, upset and annoyed by this incident. British officer said ———-
THIS HORRIBLE BENDEMATRAM WILL MAKE ME MAD.
Mahatma Gandhi himself, a very popular mass leader throughout the country, used Vande Mataram in place of greeting in his correspondence. For many revolutionaries who were hanged, the same sentence was used while hanging —— Vande Mataram. for more information please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2020/10/02/gandhi-irrelevant-on-social-media/
Sometimes as I reached a gathering, a great role of welcome would greet me: Bharat Mata ki Jay—‘Victory to mother India.’ I would ask them unexpectedly what they meant by that cry, who was this Bharat Mata, Mother India, whose victory they wanted. My question would amuse them and surprise them, and they not knowing exactly what to answer, they would look at each other and at me. I persisted in my questioning. At last, a vigorous Jat wedded to the soil from immemorial generations, would say that it was the dharti, the good earth of India that they meant. What Earth? Their particular village patch, or all the patches in the district or province, or in the whole of India? And so question and answer went on, till they would ask me impatiently to tell them all about it. I would endeavor to do so and explain that India was all this that they had thought, but it was much more, The mountains and the rivers of India, and the forests and the broad fields, which gave us food, were all dear to us, but what counted ultimately were the people of India, people like them and me, who were spread out all over this vast land. Bharat Mata, Mother India was essentially these millions of people, and victory to her meant victory to these people. You are parts of this Bharat Mata, I told them, you are in a manner yourselves Bharat Mata, and as this idea slowly soaked into their brains, their eyes would lit up as if they had made a great discovery.
Vande –Mataram and Muslims:– Vande Mataram song was opposed by Muslims because of the worship of Hindu Goddess Durga at someplace in it. Islam believes in monotheism, for this reason, the Muslim spirit is hurt by singing the song Vande Mataram.
A committee was formed keeping in mind the sentiments of the Muslims. Nehru, the chairman of this committee, was appointed and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was also placed in this committee. The committee while submitting its report said that at the beginning of the song Vande Mataram there is a praise of Mother India, but later lines mention Hindu Gods and Goddesses. In order to maintain Hindu-Muslim unity and avoid controversy, only the homeland praise section of this song was accepted as a national song. Ravindra Nath Tagore’s “Jan-Man-Gag” was accepted as the national anthem to avoid controversy.
What is a nation? The Shakti’s of its millions.
For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. The Shakti we call India Bhawani Bharti is the living unity of three hundred million, people but she is inactively imprisoned in the magic circle of the tamas the self-indulgent inertia and ignorance of her sons to get rid of tamas we have but to wake the Brahma within. (Sri Aurobindo)
For a subject people, there is no Royal Road to emancipation. They must wade to it through struggle sacrifice slaughter, if necessary. history suggests no short-cut other Nations also were weak disunited and denationalised like ourselves it is the rallying cry of freedom that combined their scattered units drawing them together with a compelling and magical attraction those who would win freedom must first imbue the people with an overpowering conviction that freedom is the one thing needful without a great ideal there can be no great movement small baits of material advantages will not nerve them to High Endeavour and heroine self-sacrifice; it is only the idea of national freedom and national greatness that has that overmastering appeal we must not bend the knee to others but try to be worthy of our past—- here is an ideal which if set forth with conviction and power cannot fail to inspire self-sacrificing action we need faith above all things faith in ourselves faith in the nation faith in India’s destiny.——————-
Sri Aurobindo- Bande Matram (Vande Mataram) Newspaper April 25th, 1907. Sri Aurobindo (Vande Mataram song was translated into English by you. I have shown here only those lines which have been accepted as a national song.)
I bow to thee, Mother,
cool with the winds of the south,
dark with the crops of the harvests,
Her nights rejoicing in the glory of the moonlight,
her lands clothed beautifully with her trees in flowering bloom,
sweet of laughter, sweet of speech,
The Mother, giver of boons, giver of bliss.
The flags were physical evidence of the sudden and dramatic rise in the importance of national identity for Americans. But what does the American flag represent, and what are the cultural values it celebrates? For some, it is McDonald’s, Disney, and baseball. For others, its values are defined by those of the early British settlers who brought their own culture and language. For the African-American community and millions of Hispanic immigrants, it is none of these.
Wal-Mart reportedly sold 116000 flags on September 11 and 250000 the next day. Compared with 6400and 10000on the same days a year earlier.” The demand for flags was ten times what it had been during the gulf war, flag manufacturers went overtime and doubled, tripled, or quintupled production”.
SAMUEL P. HUNTINGTON: – WHO ARE WE?
PakistanIslamic Propaganda and Hindu phobia
The Hindus consider the land as their mother and god. They consider it very holy. But they shit on it! They will plough it! What kind of absurd belief is this...
The Hindus believe that the partition of the subcontinent has chopped their god into several pieces. Pakistan consists of the hands of their God. Afghanistan consists of the legs of their god. And it is there duty to collect all the chopped parts of their god to give it the old shape. Therefore it is extremely essential to conquer all the country in the subcontinent .that is why they started hatching conspiracies against Pakistan soon after august 1947.they have mastermind Pakistan’s disintegration ……..
BHARAT-MATA VANDE MATRAM & ISLAMIC PROPAGANDA
Some temples of Hindus have maps of India. One of the temples in Benaras (Varanasi) shows Pakistan as part of India in the map. The Hindus worship this map. Some Hindus sacrifice human beings to please their gods. The Hindus of Madras and Calcutta buy a human being and then slaughter him. They drink his blood and eat his flesh to please their gods. This rite is called Marbati and it is performed twice a year. It has been banned now but it is still widely practised secretly…
Bloodthirsty people like Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao killed millions with the help of Propaganda. It cannot be avoided considering it as an internal issue of a failed country Pakistan. Such unrestrained things are part of Islamic Jihad. Such propaganda is bolstered by active Islamic extremists within the country and poor politics of appeasement.
For the past few years, the opposition of Vande Mataram, the opposition of the Indian flag, the country’s Republic Day, the Independence Day, has been opposed on the basis of the notion of Islamic monotheism. India is not an Islamic country, Sharia law cannot be imposed here.
Such pointless things not only insult our revolutionaries, the feelings of countrymen, but also our thousands of years old culture and civilization. The Muslims of the country have to understand clearly that the sentiments of this country cannot be mocked by praising Islam, and not this great country can be shaken by showing fear of Jihad and Gazwa-e Hind.
However, it is definitely that with such antics, people start to look suspiciously towards Islam.
To Indian Muslims, I want to ask only one question. In the recent all India Muslim conference, why did they not open their mouths on the Kashmir issue? Why did you not condemn the action of Pakistan? These things create doubts in the mind of people. So as a friend of Muslims, I want to say a word and it is the duty of a good friend to speak frankly. It is your duty now to sail in the same boat and sink are swim together. I want to tell you very frankly that you cannot ride on two horses. Select one horse whichever you like best .those who wants to go to Pakistan can go there and live in peace! let us here in peace to work for ourselves……