Eight chapters of Varanasi that everyone must read.

GANGA MAIYA KI JAI

Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same—-Walt Whitman.

SUBAH -E-BANARAS (MORNING IN VARANASI)

“Benares(Varanasi) is older than history, older than tradition, older even than  legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together “ MARK TWAIN.

So much has been written about Varanasi that to write anything one has to repeat the facts. In simple words, on the basis of my experience, I can say that one should try to understand Varanasi like a simple poetry. A poetry that has been present in its natural form in every period of time. If you have the patience to read poetry (information on internet has exhausted patience) if you have the passion to peep into history, then Banaras is the best. You may say that Varanasi is like onion – like onion has many folds, in the same way if we consider Varanasi city as onion, then there are many layers of history, it can be experienced with a little patience. The beginning of human civilization, the struggle against imperialism, or the present day, everything can be seen in Varanasi. Just a little ability to smell history, or a little fondness to feel history, Banaras is an unforgettable experience.

Go to Benares or Kashi, that most ancient of cities, and give ear to her murmuring. Does she not tell you of her immemorial past-of how she has gone on while empires have decayed, of Buddha who came to her with his new gospel, of the millions who have gone to her through the ages to find peace and solace? Old and hoary, decrepit, dirty, smelly, and yet much alive and full of the strength of ages, is Benares. Full of charm and wonder is Kashi, for in her eyes you can see the past of India, and in the murmur of her waters you can hear the voices of ages long gone by.

HOLY DIP (SUBAH -E-BANARAS(VARANASI)

HOLY DIP

“I think Banaras(KASHI,VARANASI) is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”. (MARK TWAIN)

Holy Dip:- All the ancient cities of India are situated on the banks of rivers. This is because of the ease of transportation. Varanasi is no exception to this. The city of Varanasi is situated on the bank of the holy Ganges. There is a very ancient tradition of bathing in the Ganges river in the city of Varanasi. This tradition of getting up early in the morning and bathing in the Ganges continues even today. The day of an ordinary citizen of Banaras(BANARSI) begins with bathing in the Ganges. Hindus from all over the world come to Varanasi to take a holy dip in the Ganges. After taking a holy dip in the Ganges, the Ganges water is offered to Lord Shiva in temples. It feels amazing to be a part of this thousands of years old tradition. Hindus also have a tradition of burning the dead body . After burning the dead body, the ashes are flown into the holy rivers. Hindus from all corners of the world come to Varanasi to immerse the ashes of their beloved in the Ganges. In Hinduism, kindness to living beings is of great importance. After a holy bath in the Ganges, giving food to birds, monkeys, cows, dogs, is a common practice. There are also many Akhadas (Gymnasium) on the banks of the Ganges. Many youths go to these Akhadas to do exercise after taking a holy dip in the Ganges. You can understand what are the thoughts of the Indian people on any subject by simply visiting Varanasi, in other words it is a good place to feel the pulse of India. So much diversity and similarity is rarely seen anywhere else. Other than Varanasi, such a view can also be seen in Mahakumbh, but Mahakumbh holy bath is organized once in twelve years. For me, taking a holy dip in the Ganges has always been about feeling connected to my ancestors. I am only a link in the journey of life since eternity. The ashes of ancestors are contained in the Ganges. An inexhaustible link – from the past to the future, in the present I am part of this link. Sadhu, Sanyasi, Grihasta, old , young , woman, man, White, Brown South-Indian, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Bengali all at one place. What to say about the difference in language and clothing? A mini version of the country, and a wonderful experience.

There are about eighty-four ghats in Varanasi. Each has its own importance and history. The stairs of the ghat made of sandstone, every building is a completely different feeling. If one is not a native of Varanasi then it will be a very strange experience. Sandal paste on the forehead after the holy bath, Roli’s tika makes the bathing process complete. There is nothing to worry about the means of transportation in the morning. Means of transport are available in the morning from any corner of the city. Varanasi city wakes up in the morning. If you start the day with a cup of tea, or do yoga in the morning, then the experience is even better. There are many tea shops on the Ghat. Foreigners can also be seen doing yoga on the Ghats.

The marvelous beauty of the Ghats by boating


Boating

I love the area where the holy river Ganges flows in Varanasi. (SHIV Matsya Purana)

A panoramic view of the Ghats of Varanasi can be seen from a boat. The Ghats of Varanasi are like a painting on a huge canvas, in which time has filled innumerable colors. Boating is the only way to experience this huge painting and the colors of the times. By the way, for the best experience, one should travel from Assi Ghat to RajGhat. Boats are accessible at every Ghat. The boatmen have a general knowledge of the history of the Ghat, the most fun is to hear the stories related to the Ghats from these boatmen. In these stories, history, imagination, experiences passed down from generations, the art of telling stories that are now fading away can be seen. Google does not give information every time .If a particular jetty is preferred, these boatmen also stop the boat on the shore for a while at that Ghat on request. Many religious rituals of Hindus are also performed by boatmen, for this reason they also have good knowledge of religious customs. If someone knows how to row a boat, then by requesting them, he can row the boat himself. By the way, how hard or how easy it is to row a boat, everyone should row the boat at least five minutes to understand this. . Smaller boats are fine for one or two people, larger boats for a group. Boats are available for hire on time. If you want to listen to the sound of water with peace, and get acquainted with history, then a small boat is better. A bigger boat is better if you want to be a part of the enthusiasm of an energetic religious crowd. If you have time, try to be a part of both. Although rowing can be done at any time, but early morning is the best time.

GHAT

Going from one Ghat to another is like entering from one time block to another.

The city illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring new wonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. Where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is known as Kashi”(Varanasi). (Diana L. Eck)

Just like the aroma of a delicious dish, Its color increases the desire to taste that dish manifold, but can never give the taste of that dish. The only way to taste the food is to taste it. Same is the case with the Ghats of Varanasi, The beauty of the Ghats of Varanasi can be seen by boating, but to feel it from the heart, it is necessary to spend time at the Ghat. Each Ghat is like a page of history, and the history of India passes through Banaras itself. All Ghats in Varanasi have their own importance, and it is not possible to write all about them here. For a bit more information, I would like to mention something here based on my experience.

ASSI GHAT :-Spiritual Paradise or Spiritual Disneyland ?

Assi Ghat:- According to mythological legends, the city got its name due to its settlement in the middle of rivers named Varuna and Assi. For this reason the city is known as Varanasi. At present Assi Ghat is very famous among foreigners. There are many exotic cuisine restaurants around the Ghat. All types of restaurants can be found here Italian, Spanish, French. Large numbers of foreigners visit Assi Ghat sometimes to feel the transformation of Assi Ghat into a Spiritual Disneyland . (I came to know this word from a French woman, she is very much influenced by Hindu religion and culture and has been living here for thirty years. She was angry with the present generation, both Indian and foreigners. She believes that the present generation is adopting yoga and spirituality as a fashion, as a fun, without being familiar with its basic meaning. By the way, every old generation generally has such complaints from the new generation.


VARANASI CITY OF SHIVA AND RAM

Tulsi Ghat: The culture of India cannot be imagined without Ram. Ramcharit Manas was composed by Tulsi Das on this Ghat. This was the composition of Tulsidas ji in the vernacular language of the Hindu religious text Ramayana. This was the time when the temples of Varanasi were being demolished by the Muslim imperialists, invaders. In order to instill confidence in the defeated Hindus again, Tulsidas started (RAMLEELA) based on the life of the most sacred character of the Hindus – Ram. Soon this RAMLEELA became popular . (Ramlila had an incomparable contribution in preserving the traditions and culture of Hinduism)Even today. It was Tulsi Das ji’s unique talent that after the destruction of Hindu temples, he converted every Hindu heart into a Hindu temple. There is no village or city in the whole India, especially in North India, where Ramlila is not staged during Dussehra. Tulsidas ji died here in 1623. The items used by Tulsi Das in his life are also stored here. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2019/10/07/islamic-imperialism-breaking-of-idols-hindu-struggle-past-present/

RAJA RAMCHANDRA KI JAI

The whole earth is the Sepulchre of famous men. They are Honoured not only by columns and inscriptions in their own land, but in foreign nations on memorials graven not on stone but in the hearts and minds of men .Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, 404 BCE.

SHIVALA BHAVAN NOW KNOWN AS CHET SINGH OR CHAIT SINGH GHAT

Chet Singh Ghat

The history which could have been written on 15th august 1781 was then written years later on 15th august 1947.

SHIVALA BHAVAN NOW KNOWN AS CHET SINGH OR CHAIT SINGH GHAT On the banks of the Ganges, Shivala Bhavan, now known as Chet Singh Ghat, the Maharaja of Benares was arrested and detained here by order of Warren Hastings. The disobedience of Maharaj by the soldiers of Warren Hastings provoked the soldiers of Maharaj’s army and then the people also joined the soldiers of Maharaj. The “Benares Rebellion” could not leave a significant mark in its history due to lack of vision and inability to take decisions in the King of Banares. In order to shed light on this incident and its importance, I have made the basis of the letters of The British officers of that time, their statements, Buildings and ruins connected with this incident in and around Benares. Sampurna Nand He were a great educationist and was also the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and the Governor of Rajasthan. (His great-grandfather Sadanand ji was the divan of King Chet Singh.)

“If Chet Singh had not run away at this time and would have attacked the garden of Madhodas, I would surely have been killed and thus rebellion would have spread all around”. Warren Hasting.

By the way, India’s first war of independence is considered to be 1857, and history does not give any place to it if it happens. But why the Varanasi Raja of Chet Singh Ghat and the East India Company struggle could not become a freedom struggle? This has definitely become a bitter lesson in history. This ghat is a witness to this even today that if the leadership becomes unconscious, then the public should take a decision with their own conscience. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/08/14/benares-rebellion-15august-1781/

RAJA HARISHCHANDRA STORY

Sita is typical of India— the idealized India. The question is not whether she ever lived, whether the story is history or not, we know that the ideal is there.

HARISHCHANDRA GHAT :- There are two ghats in Varanasi for the cremation of dead persons. Harishchandra and Manikarnika. Both the very ancient Ghats have their own importance. According to the Hindu scriptures, King Harishchandra was the ancestor of Lord Rama. This place was named Harishchandra after his name. There is hardly any other such story of truth, sacrifice and patience than this one mentioned below.

Harishchandra was the king of Ayodhya. Once Harishchandra saw a dream while he was sleeping that he has donated his kingdom to a sage Vishwamitra. Later the king forgot about this dream, after a few days Vishwamitra came to the king’s court and reminded the king about his dream. The king is always a symbol of justice. Harishchandra had a strong belief that the king should always set an exemplary example before the subjects, so he immediately left the kingdom, and gave the entire kingdom to the sage Vishwamitra. But Vishwamitra was not pleased even by this. And demanded Gurudakshina from the king. There was nothing left to give to the helpless king, he asked Vishwamitra for some time, and left his kingdom with his wife and son and went to Kashi. Here Harishchandra did not get work anywhere, as a result the king got the job of an assistant helping in the cremation of dead persons in a shamsan. The king’s wife started working as a maidservant with a moneylender. Once the king’s son Rohitasva was bitten by a snake, due to which he died. The queen took the body of her son and came to Shamasan Ghat for the last funeral. The husband of the queen( Harishchandra ) , who was working as an assistant in the funeral rites of the dead at the shamsan ghat, was deeply saddened to see the death of his son and the condition of the queen, but demanded the tax that was levied on burning the dead body. The queen said that I had nothing to pay in the form of tax, on which the king said that “He cannot allow the body to be burnt without tax, because it will violate the orders of their master”. The king told the queen that she should tear off a part of the sari she was wearing and pay it as tax. The poor queen had no other option, as a result, she tore the sari from the edge and wanted to pay the tax to the king. Suddenly sage Vishwamitra appeared.
Sage Vishwamitra returned life to the king’s son Rohitashva. The sage told King Harishchandra that he wanted to see to what extent the king was successful in following the truth. While returning the king’s kingdom, he called him a Godlike king.
This story inspired many people. Referring to a incident in his biography( The story of my experiments with truth) Mahatma Gandhi has told that in childhood, the story of King Harishchandra left an indelible impression on him, according to Mahatma Gandhi, he used to get emotional after remembering this story.

Dashashwamedh:- is also one of the most famous Ghats of Varanasi. It is estimated that in the second century AD, the famous Bhavashiva kings defeated the Kushanas and after performing Ten Ashvamedha sacrifices, took a bath here, due to which it was named Dashashvamedha. For some years, a grand ceremony of Ganga Aarti is organized here, in recent times a huge crowd gathers to see this aarti. Aarti of Dashaswamedh in the evening at the Ghats is the main attraction of Varanasi.
The electrification of the ghats at night gives a mesmerizing view, the beauty of the ghats, and the aartis are a sight to behold. It is my belief that there is a different fun in visiting the Ghat in the evening and at night, but the soul of Varanasi can be felt only in the morning.

THE LAST VOYAGE BENARES (VARANASI)
LAST JOURNEY (1883)
Edwin Lord American painter,
known for his paintings on eastern countries. A dead man is being taken by boat to Manikarnika for the last rites. In my opinion this is the best painting of Manikarnika ghat that was ever made, amazing color coordination, no effect of time, as if it is not a painting but a live telecast of Manikarnika on television. Wonderful. Even today a hand driven fan made of palm leaves is found in every house of Varanasi.
There has been no change in Manikarnika Ghat and the surrounding buildings even today. Even today in Varanasi similar clothes of sadhus, sacred saffron color of Hindus, boats are the hallmark of the Ghats of Banaras, even today these umbrellas (CANOPY) CHATRI(bamboo and palm leaf umbrella
) are used in the same way. everything still exists today.

CANOPY, CHATRI(bamboo and palm leaf umbrella)

MANIKARNIKA :- Undoubtedly Manikarnika is the greatest Samasan . It is believed that once Shiva and Parvati came here to bath. After taking a bath, Mata Parvati came to know that while taking bath, her earrings(karnphool) have fallen here, since then the place was named Manikarnika. This place has been considered very sacred among the Hindus.
Lakshmibai, (RANI OF JHANSI .INDIA’S WARRIOR QUEEN) born in Varanasi, was named Manikarnika after this place. (Her nick name was Manu for the same reason) . It is very difficult to predict when the practice of burning bodies on Manikarnika started. It is believed that the burning of dead bodies never stops here. Burning of dead bodies has continued here for thousands of years. In Hinduism, birth and death are considered to be a cycle of life, for this reason there is such a belief about Manikarnika that —- here, the stopping of dead cremation for any reason is a sign of destruction of creation. The death of the person born is certain, this is the absolute truth. Death as a celebration – the same philosophy is hidden in the Holi of Masan. Death is seen as a celebration in Manikarnika. For detailed information on this topic please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/26/rangbhari-ekadsi-masan-holiashes-of-dead-persons/

A woman selling vegetables in the street leading to the Ghat

PANCH -GANGA GHAT (BINDU MADHAV)

PANCH GANGA GHAT :-

Schools should introduce one more, very important, subject- The History of labor, the brilliant and tragic history of man’s struggle with the natural world, the history of his discoveries and inventions, his victories and triumphs over the forces of nature.” And a little later he wrote: “I believe very strongly in miracles made by the intelligence and imagination of man; I know no other miracles.” (MAXIM GORKY)

Panch-Ganga is among the five major and oldest Ghats of Varanasi. Hindus believe that Panch-Ganga Ghat is situated at the confluence of five holy rivers.

(YATHA, KIRNA, DHUTPAPA, SARASWATI, GANGA & YAMUNA) There was also a custom of drinking Ganges water here by the newly married couple after marriage. This is like a European practice of drinking hypocross, or musket. Its ancient name was Bindumadhav Ghat. This Ghat got its name from the ancient temple of Bindumadhav (Lord Vishnu). In the seventeenth century, this ancient temple was demolished by the Islamic ruler Aurangzeb, and a mosque was built from the rubble of that ancient temple. Since then the name of this place became Panch Ganga in place of Bindumadhav.With the tradition of bathing in the holy river on special occasions, and with such small habits, did our ancestors manage to save their religion! Could we save our religion only with the help of our culture! Who were those people who not only kept their traditions alive even after the destruction of their temples, idols of Gods but also defeated foreign invaders? For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/18/makar-sankranti-is-an-ancient-hindu-festival-or-the-burden-of-old-tradition/

He purged by his sword the land of Hind from the filth of infidelity… and the impurity of idol-worship, and left not one temple standing… When he arrived at Mirat [Meerut] all the idol temples were converted into mosques. He then marched and encamped under the fort of Delhi. The city and its vicinity were freed from idols and idol-worship, and in the sanctuaries, mosques were raised by the worshippers of one God. The royal army proceeded towards Benares,(Varanasi) which is the centre of the country of Hind, and here they destroyed nearly one thousand temples. (Sadruddin Muhammad Hasan Nizami)

RAJ GHAT :-The crossroad of history (meeting center of different periods)

RAJ GHAT:- Almost all the great historians are of the opinion that ancient Varanasi city was near Rajghat. Near Rajghat, the Varuna River meets with the Ganges River, due to this river, the city got its name Varanasi. And in ancient times This river got its name due to the Varan (a species of trees) The river Varanavati is mentioned in the Atharva Veda.( period:-1000-900BCE) . Many historians, archaeologists have estimated from the material obtained from the excavation of Rajghat that the ancient Varanasi city existed in 11th or 12 century BC. At present there is also an important bridge built during the British era, at present it is known as Malviya bridge . During British rule it was called Dufferin Bridge. Built over the Ganges on the Grand Trunk Road from Dhaka to Peshawar. This route is the oldest and longest-distance route in South Asia. In ancient times it was known as Uttar Marg, Sadak -e -Azam Road in Mughal era, and Grand Trunk Road in British period. About one kilometer from the Rajghat bridge is the confluence of the Varuna and Ganga rivers. From Rajghat towards Varuna-Ganga Sangam one has to go through the educational institutions of Krishnamurti Foundation. This is a beautiful road. Magnificent buildings of educational institutions and covered with giant trees. The area of ​​confluence comes as soon as the chain of educational institutions and giant trees ends. The entire area covered by trees in this area gives a magical feel. If you leave the slopes of the Sangam and go straight, you will have to cross a small culvert and meet another historical ancient route — Panchkoshi Marg. The confluence of holy rivers is always considered a sacred place in Hinduism. The oldest temples of Hindus are built at the confluence of such rivers. There is also an ancient temple here which is known as Adikeshav. It is difficult to say when this temple came into existence.

ADIKESHAV

The temple is mentioned in the copper plates of the Gahadavalas who ruled Varanasi from the eighth to the eleventh century. Similarly, at the holy confluence of Ganga-Gomti, there is an ancient temple of Markandeya Mahadev in Varanasi. The mention of this temple is also found in the holy book of Hindus Mahabharata. For more information about this subject please visit :-https://nithinks.com/2021/03/14/mahashivratrishiv-barat-and-varanasi/ When the Adi Keshav temple would have been built can only be predicted. All the major temples of Banaras were demolished in 1193-1194. Paganism is a crime in Islam. Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khan got the right to demolish and plunder the worship house of Hindus, Buddhists from the Gangetic plain, he accomplished this with complete cruelty. This temple was rebuilt in 1807 by Sindhia of Gwalior. Now there is a sense of reverence in this holy temple but nothing is left from the point of view of art. No tyrant can take away the feeling of faith. For more information about this subject please visit :-https://nithinks.com/2021/03/10/dawn-of-civilization-and-shiva-shiva-ganga-varanasi/ Assi Ghat presents a global image, of a changing India, or of the globalization of the world. Tulsi Das, Benimadhav, and Adi Keshav are witnesses to the struggle of Hindus against imperialism, Chet Singh Ghat is a living example of the importance of leadership, while Dashaswamedh, Harishchandra, and Manikarnika are living symbols of Hindu values ​​for thousands of years.

LIGHT OF ASIA

SARANATH :- Varanasi, is also called KASHI(ONE OF THE OLD NAME). The word Kashi has its origin from the word Kash. Its means light. Here light does not mean just light. Light here means “Light of knowledge”. Nalanda, Taxila, and Varanasi were the major centers of education in ancient times. After attaining enlightenment, Gautam Buddha gave his first sermon here in Sarnath. In human history, this teaching is known as the Dharma Chakra Pravartan.OR “TURNING OF THE WHEEL OF THE MORAL LAW” By the time of Gautam Buddha, Varanasi had lost its glory to a great extent. But till then Varanasi was so glorified, and Varanasi had the pride of being the capital of all-knowledge that Gautam Buddha chose this city for the first sermon. Like King Harishchandra, Gautam Buddha was also a Kshatriya king. With his teachings, Gautam Buddha made Hinduism more acceptable, and versatile. Opposed the increasing rituals in Hinduism, and laid great emphasis on the concept of non-violence of Hinduism. Western historians have told Buddhism to be separate from Hinduism, there is no basis for this. In India, where Hindus have a God like reverence for Gautam Buddha, Japan, China, Sri Lanka, Korea and the countries of South East Asia accept the teachings of Gautam Buddha as a great master. Many teachings of Hinduism have been carried over to Buddhism.

“Victory breeds hatred, for the conquered is unhappy”. “You cannot travel the path until you have become the path itself.”

“As I am, so are these.
As are these, so am I.’
Drawing the parallel to yourself,
neither kill nor get others to kill”

THE ASHOKA LION CAPITAL OF SARANATH

The Ashoka emblem is the national emblem of India. It has been taken from the Ashoka Lot found in Sarnath. It has four lions standing facing all the four directions. The Dhamma Chakra was built on these four lions, which was found in many pieces in the excavation. These four lions are standing on a solid base. There are four animals on this circular base. Each of these four animals has its place as a symbol of Buddhism: the lion represents Sakyasimha, lion of the Sakya clan, with the voice of a lion; the elephant signifies Sakyamuni entering the womb of his mother Mayadevi in her dream, but also Sakyamuni as the tamer of wild elephants; the horse, besides being a symbol of temporal royalty, is the vehicle that carried Prince Siddhartha on his journey of renunciation; finally, the bull is the great inseminator, here symbolising the Buddha’s teaching, the Dharma. The horse and elephant together support the Wheel-turning Monarch In the center is the Dhammachakra. (ASHOK THE SEARCH FOR INDIA’S LOST EMPEROR.page 334.335) This twenty four spoked wheel is situated in the middle of the national flag of India. Presently this Ashoka’s lot is preserved in the museum of Sarnath. Probably this is India’s first onsite museum.

In this post I have explained Varanasi on the basis of my experience. Every person has a different point of view. I tried to introduce people to some facts of this ancient city, and important events of Indian history. Varanasi is a wonderful city — full of contradictions, with many opinions, ideologies. This diversity gives it the status of eternal city. At present there is hardly any country whose residents do not reside here. The history of Varanasi gives a glimpse of the history of the entire culture of India. My view is that History is not just a lifeless structure of dry events, in this we can see the reactions of the society and religious expressions also completely, and Varanasi is a wonderful work (kriti)of this subject. For more information about this subject please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2019/12/31/oldest-living-city-happy-new-year/

Life Of Swami Vivekananda Through Pictures

“Dancing mad with joy,
Come, O Mother, come!
For Terror is Thy name!
Death —is in Thy breath
And every shaking step
Destroys a world for e’er.”
“It all came true, every word of it, “he interrupted himself to say.
“Who dares misery love,
Dance in Destruction’s dance,
And hug the form of death—

Vivekanand was a very lion among man. We preceive his influence still working gigantically. We know not well how, we know not where, in something not yet formed, something leonine, grand intutive uphearing that has entered the soul of India and we say-Behold! Vivekanand still lives, in the souls of the mother and in the souls of the children.

LIFE OF VIVEKANANDA THROUGH IMAGES

THE NUMBER OF PHOTOGRAPHS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA RECEIVED SO FOR IS 106. I was trying to change this for a long time, but didn’t succeed, but I came to know a lot of information on Swamiji and Swamiji’s influence in general public. My efforts will continue in future also. I could not get the 107th picture of Vivekananda, but during this time I got a chance to get acquainted with many unknown aspects related to his life. In the life of Vivekananda, there was a clear impression of Banaras(VARANASI) city, but very little has been written on this subject. What was the relation of Vivekananda’s birth with Varanasi? For more information on this topic see :- https://nithinks.com/2019/09/19/bileybanarasvivekanandavaranasi/ My hard work did not go in vain, I came to know many little known but important places related to Swamiji’s life. Swami Vivekananda’s association with Varanasi started from his birth and continued throughout his life. places related to Swamiji’s life:-(VIRESHSWAR MAHADEV TEMPLE,BENGALI DYODHI,DURGA KUND TEMPLE ,NEPALI TEMPLE,KAUDIYA HOSPITAL,GOPAL LAL VILA,RAJA KALI KRISHNA THAKUR GARDEN HOUSE) During his stay in Varanasi, Swamiji came in contact with many scholars and Hindu monks. (Pramadadas Mitra ,Pramadadas Mitra ji, who was an eminent scholar of that time. He translated the British national anthem into Sanskrit and the Gita into English.) Trailanga Swami,Walking Shiva Of Varanasi. Vivekananda’s guru Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa highly respected Trailanga Swami He called Trailanga Swami A walking Shiva of Varanasi. Pavhari Baba Vivekananda met Pawhari Baba in Ghazipur near Varanasi. Sister Nivedita wrote in “The master as I saw him” that after Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Swami ji was most influenced by Pawhari Baba . These people had a great impact on Swamiji’s life. Communist, Marxist, and fake historians in the country left no stone unturned in marginalizing Swamiji . Swamiji’s teachings and inspirational words are inspiring people even today. . Based on my experience, I have selected some photos related to the life of Vivekananda. A glimpse of Swamiji’s life can be seen from these photos.

The symphony of India, bearing the name of Ramakrishna

SRI RAMKRISHNA PARAMHANSA JI (10 DECEMBER 1881)

“RAMAKRISHNA IS THE YOUNGER BROTHER OF OUR CHRIST” ROMAIN ROLLAND

To Rolland, ‘Ramakrishna is the younger brother of our Christ.’ ‘It is always the same Man,’ said Rolland, the Son of Man, the Eternal, Our Son, Our God reborn. With each return he reveals himself a little more fully, and more enriched by the universe.’

‘I am bringing to Europe, as yet unaware of it, the fruit of a new autumn, a new message of the Soul, the symphony of India, bearing the name of Ramakrishna.’-wrote Romain Rolland to his Western readers.

Vivekananda’s guru [MASTER] Ramakrishna Paramhansa. When the tools of modern information were not available to the common people, it was undoubtedly a difficult task to keep the struggle against the imperialist ideology alive among the common people. You always kept people aware by reinterpreting stories related to Hindu culture and religion. A clear impression of Ramakrishna Paramahansa can be seen on Vivekananda’s philosophy and life. I believe that two books are important to understand the teachings and philosophy of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. 1 – THE GOSPAL OF SRI RAMAKRISHNA written(Recorded ) by [M] MAHAENDRANATH GUPTA .

  1. The Life of Ramakrishna written by ROMAIN ROLLAND

Where the first book “The Gospal Of Sri Ramakrishna” is a collection of dialogues of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. In this book, many popular, religious stories have been told by him to solve the problems of daily life in very simple words. Second book is The Life of Ramakrishna written by Romain Rolland . Which is based on the life and philosophy of Ramakrishna. This is also a great book, but I believe that those who are familiar with the basic elements of Hindu philosophy, and civilization – culture, they will enjoy reading this book more.

A warrior monk and his inspirational struggle

Swami Vivekananda died on 4 July 1902. The total age at the time of Swamiji’s death was Thirty nine years, five months and twenty four days. In the history of India, perhaps after Shankaracharya, the second warrior monk to wake up the Hindu-religionists. (Hindu misfortune, that Shankaracharya also died very early. (Shankaracharya had attained the age of thirty-two years) Swami Vivekananda had a pre-birth relationship with the city of his beloved Bhagwan Mahadev. Swamiji’s relationship with Mahadev’s beloved city continued throughout his life. Swami Vivekananda had come to Varanasi a few months before his death. and stayed in a building called Lal Villa, these are the ruins of the same building. Vivekananda had come to Varanasi a few months before his death. During this he stayed at Gopal Lal Villa.(RAJA KALI KRISHNA THAKUR GARDEN HOUSE , SONDHA BAS) For more information on this topic see :- https://nithinks.com/2020/07/05/the-unknown-life-of-swami-vivekananda/

GOPAL LAL VILA (VARANASI) This is a fictional painting of Gopal Lal Villa Bhawan (Varanasi). Created by Kripa, a young painter from Varanasi city.

This is the most popular photo of Swami Vivekananda. Every person familiar with Hindu philosophy, yoga, literature will definitely be familiar with this photo. In this photo, Swami Vivekananda is wearing the clothes of a Hindu monk. Swamiji’s portrait photographed by Thomas Harrison, at his studio in Central Music Hall, Chicago. Seven such ‘Chicago style’cabinet card photographs –known as the Harrison series were taken in September 1893 during the World’s Parliament of Religions. Coloured posters based on this photograph were printed by a lithographic company and displayed all over Chicago.(THE MONK AS MAN -SANKAR)

AT THE WORLD’S PARLIAMENT OF RELIGIONS , CHICAGO. 11TH SEPTEMBER 1893

Vivekananda’s speech in the Parliament of Religions is one of the best speeches ever given by an Indian on Hindu religion and culture. There were many misconceptions about Hinduism in the western countries, similarly about Christianity among Hindus, Vivekananda tried his best to remove this cultural and religious contradiction. . The humanistic and humanitarian spirit of Ramakrishna Paramahansa can be clearly seen in the thoughts of Vivekananda. For more information about this subject see :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

Bhuvaneshwari Devi ji

Her curse is a blessing!

“ONE WHO DOES NOT WORSHIP HIS MOTHER CAN NEVER TRULY RISE”.

In India, the mother is the Centre of the family and our highest ideal. To us, she is representative of God, as God himself is the mother of the universe. Where the Vedas teach morality, the first words are, “Let the mother be your God” -and that she is. When we talk of woman in India, our idea of woman is mother. The value of women consists in their being mothers of the human race. That is the idea of the Hindu. I know that before I was born, my mother would fast and pray and do hundreds of things which I could not even do for five minutes. She did that for two years. I believe that whatever religious culture I have, I owe to that. It was consciously that my mother brought me into the world to be what I am. What ever good impulse I have was given to me by my mother-and consciously, not unconsciously. For more information about this subject see :- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/25/bharat-mata-mandirmother-india-temple-and-vande-mataram/`

Researchers maintain that this is the first of the 106 available photos of Swami Vivekananda .1886, Cossipore garden house kolkatta (the monk as man sankar)

MORE INDIAN THEN MOST INDIANS

MOTHER OF THE PEOPLE

MARGARET NOBLE ( BHAGINI NIVEDITA SISTER NIVEDITA):- This name was given to Margaret by Vivekananda. BHAGINI means sister, and NIVEDITA means – An intelligent girl dedicated to service. Margaret Elizabeth Nobel was born on 28 October 1867 in Ireland. After meeting Swami Vivekananda in London, she made the land of India her work land. Swami Vivekananda inspired them to follow the path shown by Buddha. After visiting India, she started serving the society while living in Kolkata. Extremely talented and imbued with the spirit of serving the people, Nivedita used her versatility to serve the land of India in every way.

JOURNALISM:- While living in India, Nivedita wrote many articles, books on Indian culture, ancient history, Indian philosophy, Hindu religion. Her book on Swami Vivekananda “THE MASTER AS I SAW HIM” is considered one of the best books written on Vivekananda. Apart from this, Nivedita continued to write in favour of freedom fighters in India and also in favour of independence of India. Nivedita’s longing, dedication towards India’s independence can be seen in her writings. Nivedita had also taken charge of the patriotic newspaper Bande-Mataram for a few days in the absence of diligently great philosopher, freedom fighter Arvind Ghosh. Nivedita never shied away from helping the fierce freedom fighters of that time. There are many examples of her helping the freedom fighters.

SOCIAL SERVICE:- Due to such dedication and service of Nivedita, Mahakavi Thakur gave her the title of Lokmata. (MOTHER OF THE PEOPLE) Nivedita established a school for poor girls in Baghbazar, Kolkata. For this school, Nivedita collected money from Europe, and also from America. This school was inaugurated by Sharda Devi (wife of Ramakrishna Paramahansa) This school is still dedicated to the education of the girl child. There was a great outbreak of plague in India in 1898. The city of Kolkata soon came under its grip. The common people were frightened and started running away from the city. In such a bad situation, Nivedita did not give up courage and together with her guru Swami Vivekananda remained in the service of plague patients.

SARA BULL(MRS OLE BULL)

DHEER MATA (CALM QUIET MOTHER)

Swami Vivekananda gave her the title of Dheer Mata because of her patience . After the death of her husband, her mind used to be very impatient, to get out of this trouble she took the help of Gita, Yoga, Meditation during this she studied many Hindu scriptures. She believed that yoga and meditation helped her understand the Bible. After meeting Vivekananda, she joined the Vedanta movement. She accepted Swami Vivekananda as her Indian son and guru. Swamiji also kept calling her as his American mother. In the letter that Swamiji wrote to her, she have been addressed as Dheer Mata. She also helped the great scientist of the time Jagdish Chandra Bose a lot. India was a subordinate nation in those days, which was ruled by the British, due to which Indian scientists were unable to do research work in the country.

Olea Bull, Betty Laggett and Josephine MacLeod July 1906

JOSEPHINE MACLEOD JO JO TANTINE

Swami Vivekananda used to call her by her nick name Jo Jo and Tantine. Vivekananda had introduced the western countries to yoga and meditation, this tradition was continued by Lloyd even further. Vivekananda considered her to be a woman of very strong will, she has proved it from time to time. She helped in every way the Vedanta Society. She also played the role of Ambassador of Vedanta to the West.

CREDITS:

1. THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA 2. THE MONK AS MAN The Unknown Life Of Swami Vivekananda (SANKAR) 3. THE GOSPEL OF SRI RAMAKRISHNA [M] (MAHAENDRANATH GUPTA) . 4. The Life Of RAMAKRISHNA (ROMAIN ROLLAND) 5. The Master As I Saw Him (Sister Nivedita )

YOGA- How Tech-Yogi saw the light of the future in the Brahmastra of the Hindu nationalists.

If you want to be sad, no one in the world can make you happy. But if you make up your mind to be happy, no one and nothing on earth can take that happiness from you.(Yogananda Paramhansa)


ADI YOGI – SHIVA MOHANJODARO INDUS VALLEY YOGI (PASHUPATI SHIVA -LORD OF ANIMALS 2600-1900 BCE)

International Yoga Day is celebrated on 21st June. Yoga Day started from 21st June 2015.Yoga Day was initiated by the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi while addressing the Joint General Assembly in 2014.

Yoga is an invaluable gift of our ancient tradition. Yoga embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us deal with climate change. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day. (India’s gift to the whole world.)

HISTORY :- The topic of my post is Yoga’s struggle against imperialism, and the role of Yoga in the development of India’s nationalism, but for this it is necessary to go a little into ancient history. In general, yoga means addition. But in the general sense, where addition is taken to mean numbers, or a collection of some objects, the collection of objects with different properties also comes under sum(yog)
Spiritually and religiously, the meaning of yoga remains the same, but Here the meaning of yoga becomes very wide. Threading humans, animals, nature, all together in one link is yoga. For more information on Hindu Civilization please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

FROM THE CITY OF THE OLDEST YOGI:-(ADI-YOGI)

One of the holiest of Hindus and one of the oldest cities in the world, Varanasi also has the distinction of being the city of Lord Shiva. The Vedas, the oldest religious texts of the Hindus, mention only the worship of nature. The deity that is first mentioned after the worship of nature is Shiva. For this reason Shiva is also called Adi-dev. In very ancient relics, Shiva is depicted in the posture of yoga, for this reason Shiva is also called Adi Yogi. There is a tradition to show the original form of Shiva along with nature, and also Shiva as the protector of nature. For a detailed explanation of the relationship between Shiva and Varanasi, please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/10/dawn-of-civilization-and-shiva-shiva-ganga-varanasi/

SHIVA (ADI-YOGI ) PROTECTOR OF NATURE
An artist’s imagination at the Ghat of Varanasi

The ancient idols of Gautam Buddha, Mahavir Swami are all depicted in the posture of meditation and yoga. It is clear from this that yoga and meditation are very ancient traditions of India.
Demolition of idols, temples, monasteries was a common practice in Islamic imperialism. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2019/10/07/islamic-imperialism-breaking-of-idols-hindu-struggle-past-present/ Due to which this art had almost disappeared in the branches of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and all Hindu religions. Somehow it survived as it was passed on from one generation to another, it would be more correct to say that the art of yoga had gone into a coma for a few centuries. The art of yoga-meditation never got a chance to live freely in Islamic terrorism, imperialism, but this art did not even die due to being so deeply rooted in Hinduism. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/26/rangbhari-ekadsi-masan-holiashes-of-dead-persons/

Hindu renaissance and re-establishment of yoga- meditation

With the end of hundreds of years of Islamic imperialism, a new era began, – British Imperialism. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/08/14/benares-rebellion-15august-1781/ Like every imperialism, it was also opposed to the native religion, culture. But a framework was developed to maintain the British Empire in the Far East. To maintain the strength of this structure (instead of rigidity, some flexibility was introduced after the First Revolt of 1857)The British Empire needed educated people, because it was not possible to bring people from England for every task, the result was the beginning of education loyal to the British Empire in India.

Kolkata Became the new Nalanda:

The white city of that time (most white people in Asia at that time lived in Kolkata) became the economic and political capital of India. The youth, who had received modern education in Kolkata, soon started working in the biggest industries of that time, railways and postal service. By the 1857 War of Independence in India, the British had understood that the native army could not be trusted completely, (the native army is completely traditional in religion and culture, and did not distance itself from its roots by providing a job to the East India Company) can be done.)
To rule the land of such vast vastness, there was a great need for a means of quick transport. (If needed, the British Army could be transported from one corner of India to another in 24 hours.)
Uninterrupted transmission of information (telegram, letter) was also very necessary to reach from one corner of the country to another. Because of this surprisingly the railway and postal department expanded very rapidly all over India. Bengali people were first appointed in these departments. This was also inevitable because Bengali people were the first to have access to modern education. Colonies, houses of Rail Dock Department started being built in every major city of the country. In this way a mini Bengal was formed in all the major cities of India. Another industry which was not supported by the government, but was growing rapidly in Bengal especially in Kolkata due to the spread of education– the development of printing press. A new era of books, newspapers, magazines took place from Kolkata, due to the rail network across the country, the printing press got its customers all over the country. Especially the Bengalis of Kolkata.

Problem and Solution

Bengal was a strange situation in those days – on the one hand Christian missionaries were involved in the conversion of people, on the other hand the anger of the people was increasing in Hinduism due to hypocrisy, untouchability. In such a situation, Hinduism was finding itself helpless, when Bankim Chandra Chatterjee arrived under such circumstances. He had not said anything new – he had interpreted the Gita afresh. Amidst an atmosphere of despair, there was an assurance of victory in the verses of Gita. Shri Krishna chanted the mantra of Shakti during Kurukshetra, encouraging Arjuna the war-bearer. After a long time, those mantras again filled the youth with hope. In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve. The novel, based on the revolt of the monks (YOGI)of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country. Now a new yoga tradition was born, got modern education, understanding of world politics, proud of religion on their culture, above hypocrisy, evils, narrow-mindedness, the new generation of Bengali youth in the spiritual color of yoga. Change in the traditions of Hindu religion, or the beginning of any new tradition is not possible without the approval of the holy city of Varanasi. For more information about this subject please visit https://nithinks.com/2021/01/25/bharat-mata-mandirmother-india-temple-and-vande-mataram/

THE CAPITAL OF ALL KNOWLEDGE:- CITY OF LIGHT

“The city illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring new wonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. Where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is known as Kashi”(Varanasi).

Varanasi, is also called KASHI(ONE OF THE OLD NAME). The word Kashi has its origin from the word Kash. Its means light. Here light does not mean just light. Light here means “Light of knowledge”. Nalanda, Taxila, and Varanasi were the major centers of education in ancient times. For more information about city of light please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/01/dev-deepawali-festival-of-light-city-of-light/

New incarnation of yoga in the city of Adi-yogi

At the end of the eighteenth century, the British thought of opening the Banaras Sanskrit College in Varanasi. (S.N SEN, SANSKRIT COLLEGE AT BANARAS ,GERNAL GANGANATH RESEARCH PAGE 315)

The credit for understanding the importance of modern education and the introduction of modern education in Varanasi goes to Raja Jaynarayan Ghoshal. Raja Jaynarayan Ghoshal established a school for modern education in Varanasi in 1814. Today this school is known as Jaynarayan College. (Fort William College Kolkata was established by Lord Wellesley in 1800)When Lord Hastings came to Varanasi in September 1814, the foundation of this school had been laid. And the construction of the school was in progress, this event has been described by Hastings in his journal. In those days it was difficult to even talk about western education, so what to say about the English medium school of western education? A temple was also built in the same year 1814 by Jaynarayan Ghoshal to show himself as a Hindu religious person. The specialty of this temple was its unique structure. This temple is dedicated to Yoga and Tantra-Vidya ( doctrines or principles of the tantras, involving mantras, meditation, yoga, and ritual.) Soon this combination greatly influenced the younger generation, The teachings of Yoga and Gita were used as a weapon by the modern educated Bengali youth. Equally effective on both fronts. Against Christian missionaries and against Hindu superstitions.

Yoga Based on the Gita took the form of a Brahmastra during independence Movement

Gita-based yoga became an infallible weapon of nationalists across the country by moving beyond the boundaries of Bengal and Bengali railways, post office colonies. Nationalists like Tilak, Savarkar, Sachindra Nath Sanyal (Sachindra nath Sanyal was the founder of “Hindustan Republican Association” and political teacher(guru) of great revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Trilokya Chakraborty, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Nalini Kishore Guh, Baba Prithvi Singh, Ras Bihari Bose, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Lala Hardayal, Ajit Singh .

The book “Bandi – jeevan” he wrote was called the Bible of Indian revolutionaries, which was translated into more than twenty-eight languages and countless people who read this book chose the path of revolution for the independence of the country. Marxist fake historians have marginalized them in writing their own history. ) Subhash Chandra Bose also used this new weapon in the best way in intense nationalism.

FREEDOM OF THE SOUL IS THE GOAL OF ALL YOGAS

You must remember that freedom of the soul is the goal of all Yoga’s, and each one equally leads to the same result. By work alone men may get to where Buddha got largely by meditation or Christ by prayer. Buddha was a working Jnâni, Christ was a Bhakta, but the same goal was reached by both of them. The difficulty is here. Liberation means entire freedom — freedom from the bondage of good, as well as from the bondage of evil. A golden chain is as much a chain as an iron one. There is a thorn in my finger, and I use another to take the first one out; and when I have taken it out, I throw both of them aside; I have no necessity for keeping the second thorn, because both are thorns after all. So the bad tendencies are to be counteracted by the good ones, and the bad impressions on the mind should be removed by the fresh waves of good ones, until all that is evil almost disappears, or is subdued and held in control in a corner of the mind; but after that, the good tendencies have also to be conquered. Thus the “attached” becomes the “unattached”. Work, but let not the action or the thought produce a deep impression on the mind. Let the ripples come and go, let huge actions proceed from the muscles and the brain, but let them not make any deep impression on the soul. SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

For more information about Relevance of Vivekananda’s thoughts in present times please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/11/is-vivekananda-still-relevant-today-national-youth-day/ Swami Vivekananda a great sanyasi (Yogi) Who left an impact on the world’s finest minds of his time. introduced the western world to yoga and meditation for the first time. The great scientist Nikola Tesla, writer Aldous Huxley, Tolstoy, Ja de Salinger Rockefeller, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose, Arvind Ghosh, Nivedita, Jamshedji Tata, Vimal Mitra, Shachindranath were influenced by his ideas. In 1890, Vivekananda came to Varanasi with Swami Akhandanand. The house where Vivekananda stayed in Varanasi was known as Bengali Deodhi. (Vivekananda stayed in this house in Varanasi in 1888 too.)  This house belonged to Pramadadas Mitra ji, who was an eminent scholar of that time. He translated the British national anthem into Sanskrit and the Gita into English. for more information about vivekananda and varanasi please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/07/05/the-unknown-life-of-swami-vivekananda/

SHYAM CHARAN LAHIRI

SHYAMCHARAN LAHIRI (LAHIRI- MAHASHAY)

He was born on 26 September 1828. Since childhood he was a devotee of Shiva. As a child, he went to Varanasi for his education. (It was a common practice in Bengal, parents used to send their children to Varanasi for education. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a very famous social reformer of that time, was also educated in Varanasi.) His education was an example of changing times. Instead of taking admission in the old religious Sanskrit school in Varanasi, he joined the school of Jaynarayan Ghoshal. No doubt he must have been influenced by the personality of Jaynarayan Ghoshal and other thoughts.

He continued to practice yoga while living a household life. Later on, he made Mahavatar Baba ji his Guru and learned many esoteric sutras of yoga from him. He did a lot of work on Vedanta, Sankhya, and Yogadarshan, and also did a lot of writing work related to it.
He has also given a spiritual interpretation of the Gita, which has a very high status in the world of spirituality. On the basis of Gita, he again presented Kriya-Yoga. Kriya Yoga is such a method of yoga in which Pranayama has special importance, in simple words, Kriya Yoga is the cultivation of self-realization, God, and true knowledge in one equation. His chief disciples Pranavanand, Kesavananda, Yukteswar Giri gave more height to his tradition.

वसुधैव कुटुंबकम ( vasudhaiva kutumbakam)

Yogananda Paramhansa :- He was born in a Bengali family in Gorakhpur near Varanasi. His real name was Mukundlal Ghosh.His father’s name was Bhagwati-Charan Ghosh.His parents had received the education of Kriya Yoga from Lahiri ji Maharaj. He taught Kriya-Yoga to the whole world. His book on Kriya Yoga Autobiography of a Yogi is the most popular book on this subject. Full credit goes to him for popularizing Yoga and Kriya Yoga among common people all over the world, especially in America. After playing a major role in India’s nationalism, yoga is now striving in the role of cooperation at the international level. His book has brought a pleasant change in the lives of many people. Influenced by this book,(Autobiography of a yogi) George Harrison composed the famous song Dear One . and dedicated this song to Paramahansa Yogananda. Elvis Presley and Ravi Shankar were also greatly influenced by this book.

Tech -yogi and Brown Box:- Steve Jobs last gift

“A fascinating story about the famous co-founder of Apple and the yoga book that accompanied him since his teens until his last days. His last gift to all guests at his funeral held in Stanford”

ART OF YOGA



A HAPPY TEA ADDICT COUNTRY

Hindu sages and saints have contributed a lot in the independence of India. Many social reforms were also initiated by sages and saints. Tea revolution in the eighteenth, nineteenth centuries (under which the style of drinking tea in India changed forever.
Tea was recognized as the beverage of the common Indian from the beverage of the Europeans)

“I believe tea has helped us, as a nation. At least, our tea drinkers outnumber those who consume alcohol, One may even go so far as to claim that the spread of alcoholism has been arrested in this country because of tea.” SANKAR THE MONK AS MAN

How hard it is to believe that we Indians were unaware of tea (chai) a few centuries ago. Now hardly any Indian starts the day without tea. (The people of South India are lucky in this case that they have the option of choice, they can choose between tea or coffee according to their convenience) It is a matter of happiness that today in the use and production of both tea and coffee, India is one of the major countries of the world. According to a national survey, fifteen cups of tea are consumed in India compared to one cup of coffee.

Gradually tea became a part of our daily life. It is also like that we Indians were unaware of potato, and tobacco,(Potato &Tobacco was introduced by Portuguese ) today without them the daily life of many Indians cannot be imagined.

Herbal tea has a centuries-old history in India. Even today there is a lot of custom in India to drink it, but today this drink is also called Kaadha. Consumption of decoction has its benefits. Herbals like black pepper, mint leaves, basil leaves, liquor ice, cloves, ginger etc are used in the decoction. India has historically been a stronghold of natural medicines and spices, so it is common for such beverages to become popular. Similarly, lemon tea is also very popular in India. In recent years, the increasing awareness of people towards natural beverages has made Kaadha very popular. It has been used as a medicine in colds. In recent times, its popularity has increased a lot in the outbreak of Corona. There will be hardly any home or hospital in India where this herbal drink is not being used.

CHAI

The extraordinary story of ordinary tea The story of tea was written in India during the Bengal rule of the East India Company. And within a few years it turned into a mass movement.
The East India Company was a commercial company, whose main reason for its arrival in India was the trade of spices. After the Battle of Plassey in Bengal, the East India Company’s feet were firmly established in Bengal. During this time, efforts were made by the people of East India Company to grow tea in India. It is believed that tea plants were first planted in 1787 by a British, Mr. Kydd, in a garden called Shivpur in Howrah. This was a failed attempt. Later at one place Mr. Kydd admitted that the climate of Howrah was not suitable for the growth of tea leaves. By the year 1820, some prominent Bengali families (Prince Dwarkanath Tagore) were also engaged in the tea leaf business in Assam in an effort to grow tea leaves in Bengal and its surrounding areas.

In 1864, India’s tea leaves were sold for £3 million by the Assam Company at an auction in Mincing Lane, London, England. This was just a beginning.

This was the effort of the East India Company and the famous Indian businessman of that time to capture a part of the tea market in England. Gradually these efforts paid off, by 1870 the share of China’s tea market in England was 90%, after thirty years it was 10%, this was possible due to the development of tea gardens in India and Sri Lanka. Till then the practice of drinking tea had not started among Indians, it is believed that the trend of tea was slowly starting in the city of Kolkata, India. Kolkata was then a rapidly growing British city in India. The political and economic capital of India. Kolkata was also called the White City in those days because the population of white people in the main area of ​​Kolkata was more than the native people, and Kolkata had more white people than any city in Asia. The British people had a habit of drinking tea according to their English tradition, gradually this habit was being adopted by the elite Indians also. In those days, association with British families and eating with them was common in the famous and prosperous houses of Kolkata, as a result many customs and traditions were adopted conveniently by the noble Indians, among them the habit of drinking tea. was involved.

Tea and Nationalism

In those days a new industry was also spreading rapidly in Bengal. That was the printing industry. For the first time in India, the trend of books, newspapers was increasing, many British and Indian businessmen of Kolkata were also seeing the possibility in this new business. Due to the spread of education, the number of educated people in India was also increasing. The old gurukul system of education (which was largely based on Hindu traditions) and Muslim education which was based on madrasas was now getting out of date. Western education and employment based on western education were increasing, a new intellectual class was emerging among Hindus. (Muslims were keeping distance from this education system) This new intelligentsia was to some extent British in language, lifestyle and food, but inspired by Hindu culture, religion, and the spirit of patriotism. Many of these intellectuals did not accept to work under the British government and started working independently in journalism, Hinduism and social reformer. There was also a lot of drinking tea among such people, due to which soon the tag of white people’s beverage was removed from tea.

Tea Break চা বিরতি

Bengalis have tea in their and blood and nobody can do anything about it. Bengalis will never forget that coffee smells like burnt shal leaf, while Darjeeling tea tastes like champagne. Sankar- The Monk as MAN

Rabindra Nath Tagore, a prolific nationalist of the time, and world-renowned Writer, Poet, Philosopher ( first Indian who received the Nobel prize of Literature )
Dwarka Nath Tagore was his grandfather, who started the tea business in India with the British people. He was counted among the tea lovers of that time. He has shared his love of tea with people many times.

Swami Vivekananda A young sannyasi(MONK) whose popularity was at its peak in those days, a voice that was a ray of hope among the nationalists, was a tea lover. This young monk left an impact on the world’s finest minds of his time.
The uncivilized image of Hindus and India in the West and America, which was based on some prejudices, was broken by this great sannyasi, not only kept the true picture of India in front of the world, but also introduced the world to yoga and meditation for the first time. The great scientist Nikola Tesla, writer Aldous Huxley, Tolstoy, Ja de Salinger Rockefeller, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose, Arvind Ghosh, Nivedita, Jamshedji Tata, Vimal Mitra Shachindranath were influenced by his ideas. Vivekananda’s habits were always the subject of discussion in those days, especially among the youth and the intelligentsia in Kolkata. Swami Vivekananda, along with other poets, writers, and intellectuals associated with the Rama Krishna Mission, have mentioned the popularity of tea at many places due to Vivekananda’s influence. Swami Sardananda once jokingly told Swami Vivekananda’s younger brother Mahendranath that the habit of drinking tea to the people associated with the Math is due to your brother Vivekananda. For more information related to this topic please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/11/is-vivekananda-still-relevant-today-national-youth-day/

BELUR -MATH HOWRAH (KOLKATA )

Tilak the Chaiwala of Belur :-

Once Tilak, (LOKMANYA BALGANGADHAR TILAK)the great nationalist of that time, came to Kolkata. Tilak came to Belur Math to meet and discuss with Swami Vivekananda. On the request of Swami Vivekananda, Lokmanya Tilak made tea for all the people present in the Math. Undoubtedly, this tea party is ranked among the most historic tea parties in India.
This incident is mentioned by Shankar in his famous book the monk as man
Giving the details of this incident, Sankar has told that’ Tilak had brought nutmeg, mace ,cardamom ,cloves, and saffron with him. He boiled these things together, added the tea leaves, milk and sugar ,and made tea.’ This incident shows that Our current Prime Minister Narendra Modi whose father had a small tea shop, and whose childhood is spent selling tea, he is not the only chaiwala in Indian politics.

BODHI- DHARMA

There is a belief in china that in the fifth-sixth century, a monk from India, Bodhidharma, reached China for the propagation of Buddhism. He is credited to propagate Buddhism in china. It is believed that Bodhidharma spent nine years meditating in a cave, due to constant waking and not sleeping, Bodhidharma was feeling sleepy, due to which Bodhidharma cut off his eyelid in anger and threw it away. A few days later a tree grew at the same place. The leaves of that tree had a special quality – drinking a drink made from the leaves of that tree did not cause sleep and felt energized. This was the first tea plant.

Tea Capital of India :- Undoubtedly Kolkata is the tea capital of India. From the planting of tea leaves to the cultivation, export, acceptance of tea in the society, everything is built in the history of Kolkata itself. Although tea shops will be found in every city, nook, street square of India, but the variety of tea found in Kolkata is rare. The way of serving tea is also varied. From plastic glasses, glasses, fancy cups, to clay pots.
Many shops in Kolkata still make tea in the old style kiln, but the tea found at these shops is usually strong tea. (This is the Indian version of Britain’s sailors tea) The taste of tea in a cup made of clay changes completely, the smell of earthy aroma in strong tea – wonderful.
In Kolkata, the use of milk in tea is also less, in Kolkata tea leaves are more important, after taking a few sips of tea, it is understood that the whole game here is of tea leaves.


Cultural Capital of India & Some very unique tea shops:- Varanasi is not only the cultural capital of India, it is also called Mini Kolkata or Mini Bengal. The reason for this is a large number of Bengalis here. Most Bengalis live in one city outside the state of Bengal, then it is Varanasi. The trend of tea in Varanasi has come from Kolkata itself. Here too many old tea shops serve tea in earthen cups. (KULLHADA) But there is a fundamental difference in the tea found here – milk is used more in the tea here. Apart from this, basil leaves, ginger, bay leaves are commonly used in tea here. In their taste and aroma, it reduces the taste of tea leaves . There is one more thing that is worthy of praise at the tea stalls in Varanasi – the special attention to cleanliness. A small tea shop on the side of the road also washes the utensils used for making tea with hot water several times a day. In Varanasi, tea is a beverage to be consumed at any time, and at any place.

“I think Banaras (Varanasi) is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”. (MARK TWAIN)

MAHASAMASHAN AND TEA SHOPS

If one is not familiar with the traditions and philosophy of Hindu religion, then the tea shops and tea drinking places in Varanasi can surprise him.
The most unique seems to be the hundreds of tea shops on Samashan. In Hinduism, the last rites of a dead person are performed on the banks of rivers or water bodies, in Varanasi also on the banks of the holy Ganges there are two very ancient ghats Manikarnika and Harishchandra, both these ghats are used for cremation. There are many tea shops on both the ghats. On Manikarnika, there are more tea shops than shops of materials used in cremation. The funeral rites never stop on Manikarnika, day and night. Similarly, tea is available at any time at the tea shops here. The well-wishers of the deceased who come to attend the last rites can also be seen drinking tea at the time of the last rites of the deceased. To know the thousands of years old tradition of Varanasi’s Samashan, Aghori please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/26/rangbhari-ekadsi-masan-holiashes-of-dead-persons/ This is a normal reaction. The use of tea was once banned in Hindu monasteries considering it to be a stimulating beverage, today drinking tea is a common practice among Hindus in any religious activity. Many Hindus do not consume grains during the fast, they only survive on fruits, but tea is also drunk during this time. To know the story and tradition related to fasting in Hindu festivals please visit:- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/14/mahashivratrishiv-barat-and-varanasi/ I would like to end this post with these words of Swami Vivekananda.

READ THE VEDAS AND UPNISSHADS, AND DRINK TEA –NO HARM IN IT!


TALES OF TWO CITIES (PART 2) & Why do Muslims have colored beards?

THE Prophet ordered the Jews and the Christians do not dye their hair . you do the opposite .The editor/translator of the Hadis collection adds in parentheses, “For the simple reason that opposing the Kefir’s is necessary for doing better things.”

“I think Banaras (Varanasi) is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”. (MARK TWAIN)

This freedom came from the feeling that all human lives were interrelated, a certainty that they flowed into each other—a happy feeling that all events took place not only on the earth, in which the dead are buried, but also in some other region which some called the Kingdom of God, others history, and still others by some other name.(Boris Pasternak)

One of the oldest living city in the world, Varanasi, is also called Banaras & KASHI (ONE OF THE OLD NAME). The word Kashi has its origin from the word Kash. Its means light. Here light does not mean just light. Light here means “Light of knowledge”. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/01/dev-deepawali-festival-of-light-city-of-light/

Nalanda, Taxila, and Varanasi were the major centers of education in ancient times. THE CAPITAL OF ALL KNOWLEDGE”. Bhagwan Buddha gave his first sermon at a place called Sarnath in Varanasi. There will be no country in the world whose citizens do not live in Varanasi, Varanasi is also known as a tourist place in the whole world. The feeling of world-citizen can be felt very easily on the Ghats built on the banks of the Ganges. While sipping tea on the Ghats of Banaras, it is natural to remember the story of O HENRYS A COSMOPOLITE IN A CAFE. Excuse me, said he, “but that’s a question i never like to hear asked. What does it matter where is a man from?. Is it fair to judge a man by his post office address”.? why,Ive seen Kentuckians who hated whisky, Virginians who were not descended from Pocahontas, Indianan’s who had not written a novel, Mexicans who did not wear velvet trousers with silver dollars sewed along the seams, funny Englishmen, spendthrift Yankees, cold blooded southerners, narrow -minded Westerners and New Yorkers who were too busy to stop for an hour on the street to watch a one -armed grocers clerk do up cranberries in paper bags. “Let a Man be a man and Don’t Handicap Him with the Label of Any Section”. Of course I don’t mean the Corona period. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

Personal transformation can and does have global effects. As we go, so goes the world, for the world is us. The revolution that will save the world is ultimately a personal one. Marianne Williamson.

Varanasi is a great place to meet and understand people from all over the world. Sometimes it seems to me that the Ghats of Banaras are the best laboratory for understanding international relation & World Affairs. To get a basic understanding of the current Gaza Israel problem, to understand the relationship between Israel and Muslim countries, to understand the struggle of civilizations I decided to share some of my memories.

NAMASTEY & SHALOM :-

When I met a Jew for the first time :- While walking on the Panchganga Ghat of Varanasi, suddenly I heard the sound of hello-hello, I looked back and saw two foreign youths, I also smiled and replied to their greetings and asked what is the problem?
One of them said that he wanted to ask me something, I said” Yeah sure, why not ? I thought he might want some information about that place,
But astonishingly he pointed towards the helmet swinging in my hand.
Pointing that he wants to know about the helmet. Both the youths were looking for information about the price of helmet, helmet shop. I shared with him my knowledge about the price of the helmet and the item helmet stores. While walking, he told that the cost of helmets in Israel is much higher than in India. Hearing the name of Israel, I asked curiously, are you Jews? He said yes, then the other young man started talking about street-food, this young man liked the street food of India very much, after a while of normal talk, I said goodbye to those young men, they were familiar with Indian greetings, They said Namastey to me, in response I also saluted shalom.

Busy restaurant Jerusalem and favorite writers :-

Once after visiting the Ghat like this, I thought of having lunch in my favourite restaurant, I have been going to this restaurant for a few years. I love the South Indian cuisine of this restaurant. This is a small three table restaurant located on a narrow street. There I was sitting at an empty table waiting for my favourite lunch (this restaurant is run by a couple, so you have to wait more than any other restaurant)

The person sitting at the nearby table was also waiting for his lunch. After an exchange of smiles I asked ‘Where are you from?
He replied ” Israel”.
That person asked me that you must have heard the name of Israel. I said that my knowledge of Israel is limited to the media and a few books.
I named Thomas Friedman’s From Beirut to Jerusalem and Dominique Lapierre Larry Collins s O Jerusalem. He told me the name of some other books which I do not remember now. The mother tongue of both of us was not English, due to which we were talking slowly giving each other full time. The topic of our conversation was broad – we talked about the Kashmir problem, Jerusalem, Pakistan, Hamas. We also talked about India-Israel relations. Our conversation continued while eating our lunch, Taking a sip of a coffee ,the Israeli citizen told that he is a software engineer, a smile came on his face while stating that, I asked what is the secret of this grin? He told that whenever he tells anyone about his employment in India, the next person immediately starts advising him to go to Bangalore. (Bangalore enjoys the status of Silicon Valley of India) We both thanked each other and bid goodbye to each other.

What I’ve enjoyed most, though, is meeting people who have a real interest in food and sharing ideas with them. Good food is a global thing and I find that there is always something new and amazing to learn – I love it! Jamie Oliver


all images are taken from pixabay.

Group of Jewish girls whose questions made me unanswered.

Varanasi is also known as the city of festivals. There is a tradition of holy bath in the river in almost all religious festivals of Hindus, in Varanasi this tradition is followed with great reverence. Taking a dip in the holy Ganges in the morning is a wonderful experience. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT:- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/18/makar-sankranti-is-an-ancient-hindu-festival-or-the-burden-of-old-tradition/ While walking on the Ghats during one such holy Hindu festival, I stopped at a small tea stall. There were some people at this small tea stall. It seemed that a small group of Marathi tourists were at the tea shop. When I started the conversation, it came to know that they were taking information about a Marathi restaurant from the tea shop owner. There was some contradiction regarding the distance of the restaurant from Google. Some foreign girls were sitting a short distance away, and she was also involved in the conversation of tea sellers and Marathi tourists. Those girls were from Israel, one of them seemed very curious about Hindu festivals, and Hindu culture. She asked me why Hindus consider cow as holy. And what are the religious beliefs behind it? I told about the religious reasons behind this belief and what Gandhiji’s views were about the cow.
She asked me that Hinduism is tolerant, there is no doubt about it, but why do Hindus have their religious symbols everywhere? Why do bikes, cars, houses remain Hindu symbols everywhere? I was very surprised by this question, I am seeing this since childhood but did not pay attention to it. After some thought I mentioned Swami Vivekananda’s point. (Swami Vivekananda was the first person who introduced yoga and Hinduism to the countries of the West) FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/11/is-vivekananda-still-relevant-today-national-youth-day/ What is the Aryan? He is a man whose birth is through religion .this is a peculiar subject, perhaps in this country; but the idea is that a man must be born through religion, through prayers. If you take up our law books you will find chapters devoted to this— I thought that maybe I could give the right answer to that girl or maybe I could not, so I suggested her to read some Hindu philosophers and their books. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2020/07/05/the-unknown-life-of-swami-vivekananda/

Just another surprise was waiting for me :- That girl asked me why do orange men hate Jews? I could not understand the meaning of that I said what is the meaning of orange man. That girl asked me why many Muslims in India remain Orange Man while the number of Jews in India is negligible
Why do orange men hate Jews? I could not understand the meaning of that I said what did she meant by Orange Man.
She elaborated that some Muslims who keep their beards orange in color by applying a solution of henna, do so to show their hatred of Jews. I had no idea about this. With her questions, that woman made me think a lot. Instead of taking information from Google, I had decided to read basic books. and get information on this subject from some Islamic experts. I came to know some very surprising and unique things on this subject.

A FUNDAMENTAL DIFFICULTY :- Why do Muslims have colored beards?

“And the Jews will not be pleased with you, nor the Christians until you follow their religion. Say: Surely Allah’s guidance, that is the (true) guidance. And if you follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to you, you shall have no guardian from Allah, nor any helper.” When the Jews refused to accept him or his religion, Mohammed received this revelation from Allah. (QURAN 2:120)

HADIS:- Hadis is an Arabic word. Which means – report or description. It mentions the habits, life, and daily routine of Muhammad. Hadith is the most sacred text in Islam after the Qur’an. The collection of hadis forms a major part of the curriculum of Islamic schools. The Jews and Christians of the time did not dye their hair. THE Prophet ordered the Jews and the Christians do not dye their hair . you do the opposite .The editor/translator of the Hadis collection adds in parentheses, “For the simple reason that opposing the Kefir’s is necessary for doing better things.”

The population of Jews in India is almost negligible, then why do Indian Muslims want to look different from Jews? Same is the case with almost all the countries of South Asia. (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Jews can be counted on the finger in all places, then why the crisis of separate identity? More than ninety percent of the population in Bangladesh are Muslims, the combined population of Hindus, Christians, Buddhists is also 9. 6% Apart from this, other religions Believers are 0.1%, then how is there a crisis of identity?
Something similar is also the situation in Pakistan. 96.47% of the population is Muslim, 2.14% Hindu, 1.27% Christian, 0.9% Ahmadiya (Ahmadiya Muslim is classified as non-Muslim by the government under pressure from fanatic Muslims)0.02% are of other religions . Most of the Muslims have no attachment to their land, civilization, history, culture, they take pride in the Islamic conquest of South Asia, and the incidents of Islamic massacre. Propagation of Wahhabi ideology among converted Muslims: – https://nithinks.com/2021/04/23/pakistan-again-at-the-cusp-of-civil-war-or-the-clash-of-civilizations/ Money donated by Saudi Arabia to madrasas and Islamic educational institutions of South Asia, and Wahhabi ideology is responsible for this type of ideology. I had not seen Orange Muslim in my childhood. Their numbers may have been very small, but the increasing number of these Orange Muslims at present reflects the growing influence of the Wahhabi ideology in South Asia. Due to the spread of Wahhabi ideology, coloring the beard is more than a burden of old tradition , a sign of further intensification of the struggle of civilizations in the coming times.

TALES OF TWO CITIES & SIX RELEGIONS (PART-1)

OUR JIHAD is confined strictly to non-Muslims, and particularly Hindus and Jews, the two main enemies of the Muslims. The Quran too has declared these two groups to be enemies (of Islam). These two powers are creating problems for Muslims and for Pakistan.

NOW IN EARLIER times the world’s history had consisted, so to speak, of a series of unrelated episodes, the origins and results of each being as widely separated as their localities, but from this point onwards history becomes an organic whole: the affairs of Italy and Africa are connected with those of Asia and of Greece, and all events bear a relationship and contribute to a single end.                                                                          Polybius (died 118 BC), on the rise of Rome (translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert)

 

 

 

 


BHARAT MATA (MOTHER INDIA)TEMPLE VARANASI SIX-POINTED STAR(SHATKONA) The Star of David, Seal of Solomon For more information on this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2021/01/25/bharat-mata-mandirmother-india-temple-and-vande-mataram/

What is the historical similarity between these holy and thousands year old Hindu icon and the holy symbols of Jews, The Star of David, Seal of Solomon & Six Pointed Star. SIX-POINTED STAR(SHATKONA) is two interlocking triangles; the upper stands for Shiva, ’Purusha’(male energy) and fire, the lower for Shakti,’Prakriti’(female power) and water. Their union gives birth to Sanatkumara, whose sacred number is six. It would be better if left to historians.

One of the oldest living city in the world, VARANASI, is also called BENARES & KASHI (ONE OF THE OLD NAME).

VARANASI:- “Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than  legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together “ ( MARK TWAIN)

“THE CITY illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring new wonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. Where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is known as Kashi”(Varanasi). (Diana L. Eck)

It is also the cultural, and religious capital of India. Surprisingly it has been the center of all major religions of India. Varanasi has great importance in all religions texts Hindu, Buddhist, Jain. ( All these religions developed on the land of India, and flourished in the soil here. Efforts were made by people associated with these religions to improve the standard of living of the people. All these religions further enriched Hindu civilization, and culture. Change is the law of nature.
Hindu civilization and society readily accepted the change and absorbed these new religions in themselves. Not only the religions that developed on the basis of Hindu civilization, the religions of the west have also been taking advantage of the tolerance and flexibility of Hindu society.

PALAIYA JUMMA PALLI (INDIA)
One of the oldest mosques in the world Palaiya Jumma Palli it was built during the time of Muhammad . African traveler Ibn Battuta also wrote “The people there lived as though they were in the Arab land”  .

ST . THOMAS CATHOLIC CHURCH (INDIA)
One of the oldest churches in the world (St. Thomas Catholic Church Kerala .St. Thomas one of the twelve apostles of the Jesus Christ in 52 AD

Persecution by the Roman rulers, and the demolition of their sacred temples
The Jewish people also found refuge in India,
even after the establishment of the country of Israel, many of them preferred to stay in India. The Zoroastrians, who had disappeared from their original place Iran, also came here and took refuge. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

There is a common, fundamental idea in all Oriental religions – non-violence. All Oriental religions have one common, fundamental idea – non-violence. In the activities of daily life, and festivals, the idea of ​​non-violence can be felt deeply. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/14/mahashivratrishiv-barat-and-varanasi/ This ancient story shows the importance of non-violence in the teachings of Hindus, Buddhists, and Jainism. With the development of time, the concept of non-violence became stronger. Gandhi’s imagination of Ramrajya and his attachment to non-violence was based on the Hindu religious tradition that has been going on for thousands of years. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

O JERUSALEM!

HOW SHALL WE sing the Lord’s song in a strange land? If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my highest joys.

The song of the exiled children of Israel, sung by the waters of Babylon.

O JERUSALEM thou that killest the prophets and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together as a hen gathered her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

Jesus contemplating Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives.

O Jerusalem, the choice of Allah of all his lands! In it are the chosen of his servants. From it the earth was stretched forth and from it shall it be rolled up like a scroll.

The dew which descends upon Jerusalem is a remedy from every sickness because it is from the gardens of Paradise.

The Hadith, the sayings of the Prophet Mohammed.

“The view of Jerusalem is the history of the world; it is more, it is the history of earth and of heaven.”–  BENJAMIN DISRAELI

In the Abrahamic religion , Jerusalem has the same place as Varanasi in the east. Jerusalem is also one of the oldest cities in the world. Like Varanasi, it is also the sacred center of the three major religions(Judaism, Christianity, Islam ) of the world. Israel and Palestine have a dispute over Jerusalem. And there are countless reasons for this dispute. Religion acts like a double-edged sword, an example of this is Jerusalem. While religion, like a power, transforms those who believe in one religion into a single entity, and inspires a concerted effort, the other opposes such an effort by religion. Students studying international relations and geopolitics all over the world could hardly pass any examination without studying in Jerusalem.

How the Islamic world turned religious conflict into jihad.

THE BURDEN OF OLD TRADITION If history is forgotten for a while, then the interpretation of Islam which is heard in the Islamic world at the present time is very dangerous.
If it is not opposed, then it will put a question mark on the existence of India and Israel. Islamic belief about Jihad, India, Israel and democracy.

OUR JIHAD is confined strictly to non-Muslims, and particularly Hindus and Jews, the two main enemies of the Muslims. The Quran too has declared these two groups to be enemies (of Islam). These two powers are creating problems for Muslims and for Pakistan.

TO MY MIND THE HINDUS are what the Quran calls ‘mushriks’ (polytheists). This (Hinduism) is the worst form of shirk (polytheism) in which 30 million gods are worshipped. And from here shirk has been smuggled to other nations of the world. Hindus are creating problems for us directly. If God gives us the power we will enlarge the scope of jihad to include the Jews, who are the worst danger for the Muslims.
Let us reject the rulers’ foreign policy and adopt the foreign policy of Allah, i.e. jihad. LET US KILL THE HINDU BASTARDS who dream that they will rule Pakistan through the US and Israel. Let us bleed Israel through jihad so that it can never stand up against the Muslim world. If we do not do so, we will become slaves of America, India and Israel, and life will be worse than a dog’s life.

Sheikh Abdul Aziz Qari, Qabaa mosque, Medina

“When the Prophet Muhammad was sent out, the ‘Camp of Kufr [blasphemy]’ declared war on his da’wa [creed] and his message. At the center of this war were these two groups [Christians and Jews], particularly the Jews. These two groups will continue to serve as the grindstones of the conflict and the war between belief and kufr until eternity comes as determined by Allah. Then the conflict will end when Jesus the son of Mary, peace be upon him, arrives to break the cross and wipes it off the face of the earth, and kills the blind Dajjal [false Messiah], the leader of the Jews, their grand tyrant, and the Messiah for whom they await. Until that day, the conflict between us, the Muslims, and the Jews and Christians will continue, and it will ebb and flow, one day ours, another day theirs….

“The Jews are the objects of Allah’s [promised] wrath, while the Christians are those who deviate from the path of righteousness…. The Koran described the Jews as a nation cursed by Allah, a nation at which he was angry-some of whom he turned into apes and pigs and into worshipers of the Taghout [idol].”

Sheikh Abdul Aziz Qari, Qabaa mosque, Medina Saudi based website http://www.alminbar.net. The English translations-shown on right-were provided by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Little Arab

To be good Muslim, hate and jihad to (non-Islamic) people is necessary.

That is a cry which has the power of joining together the members of Islam throughout the world, and preparing them for a conflict with all who are not ready to accept their religion.

The Islamic lifestyle is still medieval, no-zone in the West or Muslim areas of India, it is a kind of Little Arab. An ordinary Indian Muslim who lives in Muslim areas rarely has any connection with a non-Islamic person in daily life, his entire world is based on Islamic ideology, and Islamic way of life. Food shops in Muslim areas strictly follow the law of halal (the Islamic way of sacrificing animals). The milkman, the newspaper, the tailor, the vegetable seller are all Muslims. All holy people! Their thinking about non-Islamic people is either prejudicial to them. Such a closed mind is soon occupied by the mullahs of the mosques, the education system of madrasas is of the same time as that of the Mughal Empire. All emphasis on becoming a good Muslim. There are more than three and a half lakh mosques in India, and a large number of these mosques operate madarasas. These Little Arabs react immediately to any Islamic event in the world. Whether it is the issue of cartoons appearing in a French magazine or the Gaza Israel issue. Belief in monotheism is a unique system of Islam, due to which Islamic areas are ideologically closer to Saudi Arabia than India. In the recent incident, an Indian woman died in a rocket fired by Islamic extremists from Gaza. Surprisingly, no Islamic organization has even condemned this terrorist incident. Israel is an enemy country for Muslims living in India. A common Muslim in Varanasi is unaware of the history of Varanasi, but the rocket attack on Israel by Gaza gives him assurances. Strengthens his sense of Muslim brotherhood. Most Muslims remember Islamic imperialism as the golden day of history. After the defeat of 1857, the Mughal Empire came to an end with India, but the day is still alive in the hearts of Indian Muslims, and in stories. Instead of learning from history, in an effort to replicate it.


RANGBHARI EKADSI MASAN HOLI(Ashes Of Dead Persons)

The world considers You inauspicious, O Destroyer of Lust who plays in the smashan smeared with the ash from funeral pyres, wearing a necklace of human skulls, with ghouls for comrades. But for those who remember You with devotion, O Bestower of Boons, You are supremely auspicious.
(Shiva Mahimna Stotra, 24)

“The city illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring new wonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. Where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is known as Kashi”(Varanasi). (Diana L. Eck)

GANGA AARTI
MARK TWAIN

I think Banaras(KASHI,VARANASI) is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”. (MARK TWAIN)

Perhaps due to Varanasi’s unique festivals, beliefs and customs, Mark Twain said that ——–

It seems to me that the greatest importance of religious festivals is that during the period of Islamic imperialism and British rule, we remained connected to our roots through them. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/10/dawn-of-civilization-and-shiva-shiva-ganga-varanasi/ Varanasi is the holiest city of the Hindus. Due to this, religious events can be seen here throughout the year, but Shiva is the city god here, hence the human form of Shiva, and the celebration of events related to his life is the identity of Banaras. Similarly, Rangbhari Ekadashi and Holi of Masan, which take place a few days before Holi, are festivals dedicated to Lord Shiva in Banaras.

wish for peace and prosperity of the whole world

The imagination of Shiva’s human form in Varanasi is also ancient. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/14/mahashivratrishiv-barat-and-varanasi/ There is a belief that the festival of Holi starts, obedience is sought from the oldest person of the city (Shiva, of course).
It is believed that Shiva brought Parvati to his city Varanasi for the first time on this day after marriage. On the request of the towns people, Shiva went out to bless the towns people along with Mata Parvati.


In any festival of Hindus, there is definitely a love for nature, a sense of compassion for creatures, it is also associated with this festival.

Rang -Bhari Ekadasi is also known as Amal Ekadasi. It is believed that God resides in the tree. Lord Vishnu is worshiped on this day. Many people also worship Lord Vishnu sitting under an amla tree. Amla has great importance in the Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda. Consuming amla in any way is considered very beneficial for health.

Any person ( related to any religion, culture, civilization) can become a part of this festival. I believe that it should be a part of this unique festival at least once in life. Such religious festivals are not only symbol of our culture, civilization,
but also a history of non-violence and such a deep association of Hinduism with nature. Twenty-three hundred years ago, the Buddha’s message of non-violence, Ashoka’s first message of human rights was not a miracle, it had a specific thought for hundreds of years behind it. We can also get a glimpse of our tradition and history in Gandhi’s non-violence and Ramrajya.
Varanasi is not only one of the oldest cities in the world, but it is a tableau in the history of India. Surprisingly, this city is completely a modern city, but completely immersed in history, there is no time in the history of India that does not pass through Varanasi. Forgetting yourself for a while in any street of Varanasi is like a journey through a period of history.

Long and narrow is the ancient Path, – I have touched it, I have found it, – the Path by which the wise, knowers of the – Eternal, attaining to salvation, depart hence to the high world of Paradise.

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.”

Rangbhari Ekadashi Festival

I found that I had to choose one of two things.

  1. Let me wait for the procession at a distance so that I can click clear and good photos.
  2. Let me also be a part of the procession, and feel this festival wholeheartedly, I chose this , and joined the procession without hesitation.
    There was a lot of crowd, people were running with colors and Gulal . The street was very narrow, there were old houses on either side of the streets. Children and women were standing on the roof of the houses, they were showering rose petals, colors, gulal on the procession. The view was fascinating, many small temples were also found on the way to Vishwanath temple. The procession speed was decreasing at the arrival of these temples, the procession was moving again after some religious rituals. Excitement was at its peak. By the time I reached my destination Vishwanath temple, I was drenched in color. The path of a few hundred meters was about an hour long.

I thank “Feel Banaras” for this awesome clip. Don’t forget to check out their channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCaM7H-ghBUkMwEktsSw9H6Q

RANG-BHARI EKADSI TO MASAN’S HOLI

MAHASAMSAN, KAAL, AGHROI
RIGHT HAND TO LEFT HAND

~SHIVA~


The world considers You inauspicious, O Destroyer of Lust who plays in the smashan smeared with the ash from funeral pyres, wearing a necklace of human skulls, with ghouls for comrades. But for those who remember You with devotion, O Bestower of Boons, You are supremely auspicious.

(Shiva Mahimna Stotra, 24)

Humans are not the only devotees of Shiva, the devotees of Shiva include Ghosts, Ghoul, Demons all. (BHOOT-PRET, PISACH,RAAKHCHAS ,GANDHARV,KINNER) It is believed that in the Rangbhari – Ekadashi, these Shiva devotees kept themselves away from the festival so that the townspeople would not be afraid to see them.
On the next day of Rangabhari Ekadashi, Shiva himself came to Shamsan to celebrate with these unique devotees, that is why the Holi of Shamsan is celebrated.

To understand the Holi of Masan it is necessary to understand a few things more.

AGHORA OR AGHORI

Aghora :- Aghora means DEEPER THEN DEEP Aghora is the most unique and mysterious branch of Hinduism. Followers of this faith (AGHORI) worship the destructive form of Shiva-MAHAKAAL. The meaning of death has a completely different meaning to Aghori. Aghori believes that death is to be personified and deified. Aghoris crave not for physical death but for destruction of all their limitation .KILLING themselves by internal or external processes.

DEATH &THE SAMASHAN

LAST JOURNEY (1883)
Edwin Lord American painter, known for his paintings on eastern countries. I do not even have the basic knowledge of painting, but the truth of this painting, the selection of colors is unfounded.
It is a document of the time reflecting the history of Manikarnika. A dead man is being taken by boat to Manikarnika for the last rites.

” WHEN YOU COME INTO THE WORLD YOU ARE CRYING, AND THE WORLD IS LAUGHING.YOU MUST LIVE YOUR LIFE IN SUCH A WAY THAT WHEN YOU GO THE WHOLE WORLD WILL CRY,AND YOU WILL LAUGH.”

MAHASAMASHAN :- MANIKARNIKA

According to the belief of Hinduism, the body of a dead person is burnt. The place where the dead bodies burn is called samasan, or masan. Undoubtedly Manikarnika is the greatest Samasan .

It is believed that once Shiva and Parvati came here to bath. After taking a bath, Mata Parvati came to know that while taking bath, her earrings(karnphool) have fallen here, since then the place was named Manikarnika. This place has been considered very sacred among the Hindus.
Lakshmibai, (RANI OF JHANSI .INDIA’S WARRIOR QUEEN) born in Varanasi, was named Manikarnika after this place. (Her nick name was Manu for the same reason)

Undoubtedly Manikarnika is the greatest Samasan . is the symbol of burning of pyres for thousands of years.

According to Hinduism, death in Varanasi leads to salvation. For this reason, Hindu dead bodies are brought to Varanasi from far away for cremation. Two ghats in Varanasi, Manikarnika and Harishchandra, are built for the cremation of the dead. It is very difficult to predict when the practice of burning bodies on Manikarnika started. It is believed that the burning of dead bodies never stops here. Burning of dead bodies has continued here for thousands of years. In Hinduism, birth and death are considered to be a cycle of life, for this reason there is such a belief about Manikarnika that —- here, the stopping of dead cremation for any reason is a sign of destruction of creation. The death of the person born is certain, this is the absolute truth. Death as a celebration – the same philosophy is hidden in the Holi of Masan.

MAHAKAALTHE GOD OF TIME

Different names of Shiva are not just synonyms, they reflect different qualities of Shiva. Shiva is the public welfare form of God. Shankar is a symbol of the Lord’s demonic and destructive powers.

Mahakal represents the infinite powers of Shiva. In the Mahakal form, Shiva controls the time without any feeling to run the entire creation smoothly.
Mercy cannot be expected from Shiva’s Mahakal form, not even a change of rules. Mahakal itself is the time, completely disinterested, heartless. The only unbounded power of the entire universe. MASAN,SAMSAN OR BHASMA (ashes of dead persons )It is not only Holi but a symbol of the events of creation. My knowledge in this subject is very limited. For more information on this subject read Sadhguru’s Death an inside story or Robert E. Svoboda’s Aghora At The Left Hand of God . I have written this blog based on these books and my years of Varanasi.

Thanks to ” NOMADIC RAVI SINGH” for this awesome clip.Don’t forget to check out their YouTube channel Link is given.👉 https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUPhgrqU2Ok0V5yLoG1bAWw

MAHASHIVRATRI,SHIV BARAT AND VARANASI

The word Kashi
(Benares,Varanasi) has its origin from the word Kash. Its means light. Here light does not mean just light. Light here means “Light of knowledge”. Nalanda, Taxila, and Varanasi were the major centers of education in ancient times.

Shivaratri is a major religious festival of Hindus. This festival is dedicated to Lord Shiva, the deity of Hindus. It is believed that on this day, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were married. It is a tradition to celebrate this auspicious day in the name of Shivaratri. Since when this festival started, it is unknown.

The mention of this festival is found in the major Puranas of Hinduism, Skanda, Linga Purana, and Padma Puranas. Skanda was the son of Shiva and Parvati. also known as Murgesh in South India. A lot has been written in the Puranas on the religious beliefs of Varanasi and the history of Shiva worship. Although Shivaratri is celebrated all over India, Varanasi is the city of Shiva, so the excitement of Shivaratri is seen here a lot more. On this day, after taking a bath in the Ganges, people visit the Shiva-temple. All Shiva temples in Banaras are full of people, the decoration of the major Shiva-temples is unique.

When, wearing only the Kaupina, Lying on the sands of the holy Ganges in Benares,(Varanasi) When shall I weep aloud, “O Lord of ghouls”, Saying this, and whole days shall pass like moments?(Swami Vivekananda -The Complete Works)


There is also a tradition of fasting on the day of Shivaratri. As Shivaratri is the day of the marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and it is described in the Puranas, similarly the practice of fasting on this day has been going on since ancient times. And Shiva Purana mentions the practice of fasting. Shivaratri and fasting is a description of glory.

This ancient story shows the importance of non-violence in the teachings of Hindus, Buddhists, and Jainism. With the development of time, the concept of non-violence became stronger. Gandhi’s imagination of Ramrajya and his attachment to non-violence was based on the Hindu religious tradition that has been going on for thousands of years.

SHIV RATRI KATHA

Shiva Ratri Katha:-——– According to this legend mentioned in Shiva Purana, there was a hunter. His name was Chitrabhan, due to economic circumstances he had to take a loan from a businessman. Chitrabhan could not repay the loan at the appointed time, due to which the merchant took Chitrabhan captive. After some time Chitrabhan released him from prison on the promise of repaying the loan.

The hunter went to the jungle to hunt for money and with the desire to be debt-free. There was a pond in the forest. The hunter climbed a tree near the pond and eagerly waited for the wild animals to come to the pond to quench the thirst. While waiting for the arrival of the wild animal, the hunter fell asleep on the tree. It is believed that on that day it was Shivaratri and due to being hungry the fast of the hunter was completed.

After waiting for some more time a pregnant deer came to drink water. Seeing him, the hunter raised his bow and arrow and aimed at the pregnant deer. Then the deer got noticed on the hunter’s movement deer said, I am from the womb, I will give birth soon. Will you kill two creatures together? It would not be appropriate. I will come to you soon after giving birth to my child, then you can hunt me. Hearing deer the hunter took off his bow and the deer also left from there.

After a while, another deer came to drink water near the pond. The hunter carefully targeted this deer. Deer pleaded with the hunter and said, “I have gone in search of my husband. I will come back to you after meeting my husband. The hunter also let this deer go. hunter Began to think about the events. a little more time passed.

Now the third deer appeared. This deer was with her little children. The hunter raised his bow thinking of aiming. deer spoke “ I will return these children to their father. Let me go now The hunter refused to do so. He told me that I have left two deer. deer said that hunter believes me, I promise to come back. The hunter felt pity for him, he also let him go. hunter again started waiting for a wild animal. It was morning while waiting. The hunter was amused when he saw a deer again. Then that deer sadly said to the hunter, if you have killed three deer and children coming before me, kill me too. Do not delay. Because I can not bear this sorrow. I am the husband of those deer. If you have given them life, then leave me too. I will come back to meet my family. The hunter let him go as well. Despite being hungry and worried about his future, the hunter felt very good. The hunter found that his heart was now filled with compassion.

DEER FAMILY WAS PRESENT IN FRONT OF THE HUNTER
This short, simple, beautiful story teaches the importance of non-violence, it is rare.

SHIV-BARAT:-

HAR-HAR MAHADEV

Shiva Barat also comes out of many temples of Varanasi on Shivaratri. Anyone can join this procession. The Shiva Barat is a way of depicting events related to Shiva’s life in the tableau. I thought of becoming part of the Barat emanating from the ancient Shiva temple (Mahamrityunjaya) of Varanasi described in Kashikhand. By six o’clock in the evening, I was in the courtyard of this very ancient temple in the most ancient region of Varanasi. There was a long queue of visitors, I bought something to anoint Shiva from a nearby shop. Ganga- Jal (water of Ganges ) in a small clay cup some BEL- PATRA , some flowers. I got sandalwood paste, on my forehead from the priest at the shop. Now, like a true Shiva devotee, I joined the queue to enter the temple. The crowd was echoing with Har-Har Mahadev slogans. After about forty-five minutes I entered the temple. People said that due to corona, this time the crowd is very less, due to which the number of aged people in the devotees was seen quite low. Came out after the divine darshan of Mahadev. It was hearing from the people that the Barat is still an hour to come out, and one should go on the main route to see the Barat well. The path of the temple is narrow, so I intended to go to Maidagin, the main road. Knowing that Maidagin is five minutes away, I intended to have a look at other ancient temples (mentioned in Kashi Khand) near Mahamrityunjaya temple.

Almost all the temples were smaller than the Mahamrityunjaya temple. The temples were also comparatively less crowded. One thing surprised me a lot – the visitors to these temples were completely unaware of the historical aspect of the temple. The importance of the temple was only religious to him. Many of the youths were also unaware of the religious aspect, only due to tradition, they were there. This locality of Varanasi is like a time machine that can throw you in ancient times in one stroke. Many sacred texts of Hindus mention this area, &temples but school books are silent on this subject. The fake Marxist historians at school and university are busy teaching imported history. Suddenly the music playing in a loud voice was a gesture of the Barat, I too departed to Madaigin with fast steps.

A lot of tableaus was seen at the Maidagin Crossroads. The events related to Shiva’s life were depicted in all the tableaux. Some old-fashioned horse-car was also seen. People told that the dignitaries of the city are sitting on them. In the crowd, all the hands were mobile, all were engaged in capturing this memorable event on mobile. I enjoyed the tableaux for about half an hour and decided to enjoy another practice.

Thandai ,Bhaang & paan .

JAI-JAI SHIV SHANKAR KAANTA LAGEY NA KANKAD KI PYALA TEREY NAAM KA PIYA.

Thandai a popular soft drink in Varanasi. Thandai is made from a mixture of natural things, including rose petals, almonds, fruit seeds, milk, etc. Cannabis is also added to it on Mahashivaratri. I also came to enjoy a famous, Thandai shop at the Maidagin. Nearly a dozen people were at the shop. Surprisingly almost all the people reached there only after seeing the Shiva-baraat. Thandai was being served in a clay -cup(kullhada) naturally. Cannabis was also kept in a vessel. People were adding cannabis to the thandai according to their capacity. I told the storekeeper that this is my first time to tell me the right amount to drink cannabis. take suggestions from the shop owner or else this experience can be overwhelming. The practice of drinking cannabis in Shivratri is also very old. At one time, there was elaborate preparation in temples as well. SIL-BATTA sil (flat -stone) batta (a cylindrical grinding stone) was used to grind cannabis before the arrival of electricity. In a Shiva temple (In the seventeenth-eighteenth century, many temples were built by the Marathas in Varanasi.) I saw a sil equipped with geometric art. This Shiva temple is located on Panchkoshi Marg.

After thandai , I reached a paan shop. I felt a wave (BHANG KI TARANG) while chewing the betel leaf. Different experience. With small steps, I walked towards the house with this memorable experience. (If you come to Varanasi and want to experience cannabis, then go to any famous thandai shop. It is best to eat cannabis in thandai. Before drinking cannabis(bhaang) keep some points in your mind.

  1. Before consuming cannabis, make sure to know its quantity from the shop owner.
  2. Never drive after drinking cannabis.

MAHADEV KRIPA

Dawn of civilization and shiva (SHIVA, GANGA & VARANASI)

In Shiva, who is the Lord of this Universe, Or Vishnu, its soul, I see no difference, But still, my love is for Him

Who has the young moon on His forehead.

Satyam Shivam Sundaram

Oh when will that time come,

When in a beautiful full-moon night, Sitting on the banks of some river, And in a calm, yet high notes repeating

“Shiva! Shiva! Shiva!” All my feelings will come out through the eyes In the form of tears?

When, wearing only the Kaupina, Lying on the sands of the holy Ganges in Benares,(Varanasi) When shall I weep aloud, “O Lord of ghouls”, Saying this, and whole days shall pass like moments?(Swami Vivekananda -The Complete Works)

Dawn of human civilization:- The unique relationship between Shiva, Ganga and Varanasi.

In Hinduism, there has been an ancient concept of city God and village God. According to this concept, there is a belief in Hinduism that every city, village was built by a different deity for people to live. Perhaps our expression of economic, social freedom of the villages also developed from similar sentiments. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/12/03/hindu-philosophy-and-the-importance-of-peace-9-11-1893-9-112001/

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Glimpses of world history: ———– “Some old inscriptions from south India tell us how the members of the panchayats were elected, their qualifications and disqualifications. If any member did not render accounts of public funds he was disqualified.  Another very interesting rule seems to have been that near relative of members were disqualified from office. How excellent if this could be enforced now in all our councils and assemblies and municipalities.” (Jawaharlal Nehru)

This question will probably be one of the most difficult questions in human history, who first came into existence in Shiva, Varanasi and Ganga? It is impossible for a very ordinary person like me to answer this question, and I have no such attempt. My effort is just an attempt to shed light on the sacred relationship of Varanasi, Ganga and Shiva and its historicity. Mark Twain is probably the best on this subject.

As we mentioned the city deity – Shiva is honored with the city deity of Varanasi (Banaras, Kashi) is one of the oldest cities in the world. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2019/12/31/oldest-living-city-happy-new-year/ The Ganges river goes a long way until it reaches the sea from the Himalayas.(About fifteen hundred miles) Many ancient and religious cities of North India developed on the banks of river Ganges.(HARIDWAR,PRAYAGRAJ-Allahabad, KANPUR,VARANASI,MIRZAPUR,FARRUKHABAD,KANNAUJ,BHAGALPUR,PATNA,HAJIPUR,MUNGER,KOLKATA etc.) But the way the river Ganges behaves in Varanasi is not seen anywhere else. For more information about this subject please visit :-

Rajghat :- Remains of ancient Varanasi city found in archaeological excavations.
Lal Khan’s tomb amidst these ruins shows the influence of Islamic imperialism on Varanasi. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2019/10/07/islamic-imperialism-breaking-of-idols-hindu-struggle-past-present/

Almost all the great historians are of the opinion that ancient Varanasi city was near Rajghat. Near Rajghat, the Varuna River meets with the Ganges River, due to this river, the city got its name Varanasi. And in ancient times this river got its name due to the Varan (a species of trees) The river Varanavati is mentioned in the Atharva Veda.( period:-1000-900BCE)

Standing on a bridge built on the river Ganges near Rajghat, the crescent structure of Varanasi city is clearly visible. Always has a tradition of showing the Ganges River and the crescent moon on the forehead of Shiva. Beyond the imagination, amazing thousands of years old Shiva’s image, the unique SANGAM (GANGES MEETS VARANASI) of Ganges and Varanasi can be seen even today. Our ancestors, who had imagined such beautiful, accurate images of Shiva’s human form thousands of years ago, would undoubtedly have good knowledge of geography, mathematics and literature. It is a miracle that the seals of many Shiva temples have been found in the excavation of Rajghat, which has confirmed the Shiva-temples mentioned in the Puranas.(DATE:c 250 CE )

I love the area where the holy river Ganges flows in Varanasi. (SHIV Matsya Purana)

Many historians, archaeologists have estimated from the material obtained from the excavation of Rajghat that the ancient Varanasi city existed in 11th or 12 century BC.

Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same—-Walt Whitman

Markandeya Mahadev: – On the border of Varanasi-Ghazipur, another holy river, Gomti, meets with the Ganges. The place of this confluence is located in a village called Kathy. The importance of this place, and the antiquity can be inferred from the fact that the description of this temple is also mentioned in Mahabharata. —-

‘मार्कण्डेयस्य राजेन्द्रतीर्थमासाद्य दुर्लभम् ।

गोमतीगङ्गयोश्चैव सङ्गमे लोकविश्रुते॥

(MAHABHARAT -PAGE 241)

The temple building has been changing over time, some historians believe that the Sangam place was also at some distance in ancient times. I personally feel very attached to this temple, because my mother’s village is near this temple, she used to come here since childhood, her habit continued in the later days as well. It seems to me that my mother used to feel connected to her ancestors in this temple more than religious significance.

My father was a civil engineer, (He was a graduate of India’s most prestigious civil engineering college and Asia’s oldest civil engineering college, Roorkee.)He also had reverence for the temple. Father’s scientific thinking about rivers, soils, and excellent knowledge of history used to make the journey to any historical, religion place interesting.


Visiting this temple in Shiva-Ratri is of great importance. Many stories related to Hinduism, are prevalent about this temple. Many stories related to here are also mentioned in Hindu, Buddhism, Jainism religious texts. There is a deep reverence for the temple in the surrounding area.

This freedom came from the feeling that all human lives were interrelated, a certainty that they flowed into each other—a happy feeling that all events took place not only on the earth, in which the dead are buried, but also in some other region which some called the Kingdom of God, others history, and still others by some other name.(Boris Pasternak)

Veereshwar Mahadev: – The mention of this temple of Varanasi is also found in the Kashi Khanda. This temple was of great importance in ancient times. This temple is situated on the banks of the Ganges near Scindia Ghat. The event of the birth of Swami Vivekananda, the world-renowned philosopher of modern times, is also associated with this temple. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/07/05/the-unknown-life-of-swami-vivekananda/

Birth of Vivekananda, Shiva temple and Varanasi.

Bhubaneswari was worshiping lord shiva in one of the houses in that locality. At the close of the her worship , she prayed to Shiva everyday while offering pranam, “o Shiva , give me a son on my lap.” she had a few daughters already . but how could she live without a son? so, she offered daily worship to Shiva for a son . she had even asked one of her old relatives at Benares (Varanasi)to offer daily worship to Vireswar Shiva there on her behalf . god heeds to whatever is asked of him with devotion in a simple heart . Bhubaneswari’s prayer was also granted. In the early morning of January 12,1863, she gave birth to a son .the child was named  Vireswar after Vireswar Shiva as his mother believed that she was granted her son as a boon from the lord . but the name was too difficult to be used as a nickname.so everybody in the house used to call him as a Biley.  he was named NarendraNath Dutta at the annaprasshana ceremony but still he remained the same Biley for all .(Vivekananda for children -publisher : Sri Ramkrishna Math Chennai)

Panch Ganga Ghat: – a is among the five major and oldest ghats of Varanasi. This place is described in the Matsya Purana as an area of ​​influence of Vishnu .Its ancient name was Bindumadhav Ghat. This Ghat got its name from the ancient temple of Bindumadhav (Lord Vishnu). In the seventeenth century, this ancient temple was demolished by the Islamic ruler Aurangzeb, and a mosque was built from the rubble of that ancient temple. Since then the name of this place became Panch Ganga in place of Bindumadhav. For more information about this subject please visit :—

Indus Valley Civilization :- (2350-2000 BCE)

The remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, Shiva are also there. Shiva also has a name Pashupati. Pashupati means God of animals. Under the Indus Valley Civilization, a stone seal was found at a place called Mohenjodaro, in which Shiva is in a yoga pose (AADI YOGI) and is surrounded by a variety of animals. Shiva’s crown is like a trident, this seal is kept in the museum of Delhi.

One thing is clear that according to our convenience, we call Shiva by religion, civilization culture, deity and nature by any name Shiva is prevalent among all. Man himself is a creation of prehistoric times. The imagination of man’s prehistoric period, the sequence of development, Shiva is included in himself.
According to Hindu religion philosophy, God is omnipresent. Shiva is the history of human development journey from the beginning of nature till date. Shiva is the symbol of power – the combined power. Shiva is the symbol of any endeavor for the welfare of human life.
Shiva is the symbol of the communication of spiritual power. Shiva is the basis of nature and human relations, , and these cooperation.

Who is Bharat Mata(Mother India)? Is it against Islam to say Vande Mataram?

For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. Sri Aurobindo

Bharat Mata Ki Jay—Victory to mother India

We do not consider anyone else as mother Mother and motherland are superior even to heaven.”

BANKIMCHANDRA-ANANDAMATH

Varanasi is one of the oldest living cities in the world and also the holiest city of Hindus. It is also called The city of temples. For more information about Varanasi please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2020/12/01/dev-deepawali-festival-of-light-city-of-light/ Temples have been built here at every stage of India’s history. According to Islamic philosophy in the days of Islamic imperialism, many ancient temples were demolished due to the prohibition of idol worship, but new temples were being built by Hindus as soon as they got the chance, due to this the importance of this city always remained in Hindu culture. Even today there are countless temples here. Many temples are very unique and bizarre – For more information about this Topic please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2021/01/18/makar-sankranti-is-an-ancient-hindu-festival-or-the-burden-of-old-tradition/ one such temple is ——

Bharat Mata Temple. (Mother India) In this temple, the country of India is depicted as Bharat Mata.

Bharat Mata Temple in Varanasi is located about a kilometer from Cant- railway station. This temple is near Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth University. The temple has a beautiful campus. The walls of this campus depict major events related to India’s freedom struggle through paintings. The Fine Arts Department of the University is also on this campus, due to which a large number of students can be seen here. Bharat Mata Mandir(Mother India) is a two-story building made of sandstone on the campus. Important Information related to the temple is written on the information plate.

The building was designed by freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.

The central atrium houses a map of undivided India (Akhand Bharat carved in marble as a votive object. The main building is double storied and square in plan. The map comprises 762 square pieces of marble measuring 11″x11″ Bach was built by 30. Sculptors and 25 masons. The relief map sunken in the floor can be seen from the first floor circumambulatory passage. It measures 950 m x 920 m at the scale of 1:405500 (1 inch being equal to 6.4 miles). The temple building is situated at a slight height, for which some stairs have to be climbed.