The world considers You inauspicious, O Destroyer of Lust who plays in the smashan smeared with the ash from funeral pyres, wearing a necklace of human skulls, with ghouls for comrades. But for those who remember You with devotion, O Bestower of Boons, You are supremely auspicious.
(Shiva Mahimna Stotra, 24)
“The city illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring new wonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. Where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is known as Kashi”(Varanasi).
“I think Banaras(KASHI,VARANASI) is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”. (MARK TWAIN)
Perhaps due to Varanasi’s unique festivals, beliefs and customs, Mark Twain said that ——–
It seems to me that the greatest importance of religious festivals is that during the period of Islamic imperialism and British rule, we remained connected to our roots through them.FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/10/dawn-of-civilization-and-shiva-shiva-ganga-varanasi/ Varanasi is the holiest city of the Hindus. Due to this, religious events can be seen here throughout the year, but Shiva is the city god here, hence the human form of Shiva, and the celebration of events related to his life is the identity of Banaras. Similarly, Rangbhari Ekadashi and Holi of Masan, which take place a few days before Holi, are festivals dedicated to Lord Shiva in Banaras.
wish for peace and prosperity of the whole world
The imagination of Shiva’s human form in Varanasi is also ancient.FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SUBJECT PLEASE VISIT :- https://nithinks.com/2021/03/14/mahashivratrishiv-barat-and-varanasi/ There is a belief that the festival of Holi starts, obedience is sought from the oldest person of the city (Shiva, of course). It is believed that Shiva brought Parvati to his city Varanasi for the first time on this day after marriage.On the request of the towns people, Shiva went out to bless the towns people along with Mata Parvati.
In any festival of Hindus, there is definitely a love for nature, a sense of compassion for creatures, it is also associated with this festival.
Rang -bhari Ekadasi is also known as Amal Ekadasi. It is believed that God resides in the tree. Lord Vishnu is worshiped on this day. Many people also worship Lord Vishnu sitting under an amla tree. Amla has great importance in the Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda. Consuming amla in any way is considered very beneficial for health.
Any person ( related to any religion, culture, civilization) can become a part of this festival. I believe that it should be a part of this unique festival at least once in life. Such religious festivals are not only symbol of our culture, civilization, but also a history of non-violence and such a deep association of Hinduism with nature. Twenty-three hundred years ago, the Buddha’s message of non-violence, Ashoka’s first message of human rights was not a miracle, it had a specific thought for hundreds of years behind it. We can also get a glimpse of our tradition and history in Gandhi’s non-violence and Ramrajya. Varanasi is not only one of the oldest cities in the world, but it is a tableau in the history of India. Surprisingly, this city is completely a modern city, but completely immersed in history, there is no time in the history of India that does not pass through Varanasi. Forgetting yourself for a while in any street of Varanasi is like a journey through a period of history.
Long and narrow is the ancient Path, – I have touched it, I have found it, – the Path by which the wise, knowers of the – Eternal, attaining to salvation, depart hence to the high world of Paradise.
I found that I had to choose one of two things.
Let me wait for the procession at a distance so that I can click clear and good photos.
Let me also be a part of the procession, and feel this festival wholeheartedly, I chose this , and joined the procession without hesitation. There was a lot of crowd, people were running with colors and Gulal . The street was very narrow, there were old houses on either side of the streets. Children and women were standing on the roof of the houses, they were showering rose petals, colors, gulal on the procession. The view was fascinating, many small temples were also found on the way to Vishwanath temple. The procession speed was decreasing at the arrival of these temples, the procession was moving again after some religious rituals. Excitement was at its peak. By the time I reached my destination Vishwanath temple, I was drenched in color. The path of a few hundred meters was about an hour long.
RANG-BHARI EKADSI TO MASAN’S HOLI
MAHASAMSAN, KAAL, AGHROI
RIGHT HAND TO LEFT HAND
The world considers You inauspicious, O Destroyer of Lust who plays in the smashan smeared with the ash from funeral pyres, wearing a necklace of human skulls, with ghouls for comrades. But for those who remember You with devotion, O Bestower of Boons, You are supremely auspicious. (Shiva Mahimna Stotra, 24)
Humans are not the only devotees of Shiva, the devotees of Shiva include Ghosts, Ghoul, Demons all. (BHOOT-PRET, PISACH,RAAKHCHAS ,GANDHARV,KINNER) It is believed that in the Rangbhari – Ekadashi, these Shiva devotees kept themselves away from the festival so that the townspeople would not be afraid to see them. On the next day of Rangabhari Ekadashi,Shiva himself came to Shamsan to celebrate with these unique devotees, that is why the Holi of Shamsan is celebrated.
To understand the Holi of Masan it is necessary to understand a few things more.
AGHORA OR AGHORI
Aghora :- Aghora means ” DEEPER THEN DEEP‘ Aghora is the most unique and mysterious branch of Hinduism. Followers of this faith (AGHORI) worship the destructive form of Shiva-MAHAKAAL. The meaning of death has a completely different meaning to Aghori. Aghori believes that death is to be personified and deified. Aghoris crave not for physical death but for destruction of all their limitation .KILLING themselves by internal or external processes.
DEATH &THE SAMASHAN
” WHEN YOU COME INTO THE WORLD YOU ARE CRYING, AND THE WORLD IS LAUGHING.YOU MUST LIVE YOUR LIFE IN SUCH A WAY THAT WHEN YOU GO THE WHOLE WORLD WILL CRY,AND YOU WILL LAUGH.”
According to the belief of Hinduism, the body of a dead person is burnt. The place where the dead bodies burn is called samasan, or masan. Undoubtedly Manikarnika is the greatest Samasan .
It is believed that once Shiva and Parvati came here to bath. After taking a bath, Mata Parvati came to know that while taking bath, her earrings(karnphool) have fallen here, since then the place was named Manikarnika. This place has been considered very sacred among the Hindus. Lakshmibai, (RANI OF JHANSI .INDIA’S WARRIOR QUEEN) born in Varanasi, was named Manikarnika after this place. (Her nick name was Manu for the same reason)
According to Hinduism, death in Varanasi leads to salvation. For this reason, Hindu dead bodies are brought to Varanasi from far away for cremation. Two ghats in Varanasi, Manikarnika and Harishchandra, are built for the cremation of the dead. It is very difficult to predict when the practice of burning bodies on Manikarnika started. It is believed that the burning of dead bodies never stops here. Burning of dead bodies has continued here for thousands of years. In Hinduism, birth and death are considered to be a cycle of life, for this reason there is such a belief about Manikarnika that —- here, the stopping of dead cremation for any reason is a sign of destruction of creation. The death of the person born is certain, this is the absolute truth. Death as a celebration – the same philosophy is hidden in the Holi of Masan.
MAHAKAAL–THE GOD OF TIME
Different names of Shiva are not just synonyms, they reflect different qualities of Shiva. Shiva is the public welfare form of God. Shankar is a symbol of the Lord’s demonic and destructive powers.
Mahakal represents the infinite powers of Shiva. In the Mahakal form, Shiva controls the time without any feeling to run the entire creation smoothly. Mercy cannot be expected from Shiva’s Mahakal form, not even a change of rules. Mahakal itself is the time, completely disinterested, heartless. The only unbounded power of the entire universe. MASAN,SAMSAN OR BHASMA (ashes of dead persons )It is not only Holi but a symbol of the events of creation. My knowledge in this subject is very limited. For more information on this subject read Sadhguru’s Death an inside story or Robert E. Svoboda’s Aghora At The Left Hand of God . I have written this blog based on these books and my years of Varanasi.
The word Kashi
(Benares,Varanasi) has its origin from the word Kash. Its means light. Here light does not mean just light. Light here means “Light of knowledge”. Nalanda, Taxila, and Varanasi were the major centers of education in ancient times.
Shivaratri is a major religious festival of Hindus.This festival is dedicated toLordShiva, the deity of Hindus. It is believed that on this day, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were married. It is a tradition to celebrate this auspicious day in the name of Shivaratri. Since when this festival started, it is unknown.
The mention of this festival is found in the major Puranas of Hinduism,Skanda, Linga Purana, and Padma Puranas. Skanda was the son of Shiva and Parvati. also known as Murgesh in South India. A lot has been written in the Puranas on the religious beliefs of Varanasi and the history of Shiva worship. Although Shivaratri is celebrated all over India, Varanasi is the city of Shiva, so the excitement of Shivaratri is seen here a lot more. On this day, after taking a bath in the Ganges, people visit the Shiva-temple. All Shiva temples in Banaras are full of people, the decoration of the major Shiva-temples is unique.
There is also a tradition of fasting on the day of Shivaratri. As Shivaratri is the day of the marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and it is described in the Puranas, similarly the practice of fasting on this day has been going on since ancient times. And Shiva Puranamentions the practice of fasting. Shivaratri and fasting is a description of glory.
This ancient story shows the importance of non-violence in the teachings of Hindus, Buddhists, and Jainism. With the development of time, the concept of non-violence became stronger. Gandhi’s imagination of Ramrajya and his attachment to non-violence was based on the Hindu religious tradition that has been going on for thousands of years.
SHIV RATRI KATHA
Shiva Ratri Katha:-——– According to this legend mentioned in Shiva Purana, there was a hunter. His name was Chitrabhan, due to economic circumstances he had to take a loan from a businessman. Chitrabhan could not repay the loan at the appointed time, due to which the merchant took Chitrabhan captive. After some time Chitrabhan released him from prison on the promise of repaying the loan.
The hunter went to the jungle to hunt for money and with the desire to be debt-free. There was a pond in the forest. The hunter climbed a tree near the pond and eagerly waited for the wild animals to come to the pond to quench the thirst. While waiting for the arrival of the wild animal, the hunter fell asleep on the tree. It is believed that on that day it was Shivaratri and due to being hungry the fast of the hunter was completed.
After waiting for some more timea pregnant deer came to drink water. Seeing him, the hunter raised his bow and arrow and aimed at the pregnant deer. Then the deer got noticed on the hunter’s movement deer said, I am from the womb, I will give birth soon. Will you kill two creatures together?It would not be appropriate. I will come to you soon after giving birth to my child, then you can hunt me. Hearing deer the hunter took off his bow and the deer also left from there.
After a while, another deer came to drink water near the pond. The hunter carefully targeted this deer. Deer pleaded with the hunter and said, “I have gone in search of my husband. I will come back to you after meeting my husband. The hunter also let this deer go. hunter Began to think about the events. a little more time passed.
Now the third deer appeared. This deer was with her little children. The hunter raised his bow thinking of aiming. deer spoke “ I will return these children to their father. Let me go now The hunter refused to do so. He told me that I have left two deer. deer said that hunter believes me, I promise to come back. The hunter felt pity for him, he also let him go. hunter again started waiting for a wild animal. It was morning while waiting. The hunter was amused when he saw a deer again. Then that deer sadly said to the hunter, if you have killed three deer and children coming before me, kill me too. Do not delay. Because I can not bear this sorrow. I am the husband of those deer. If you have given them life, then leave me too. I will come back to meet my family. The hunter let him go as well. Despite being hungry and worried about his future, the hunter felt very good. The hunter found that his heart was now filled with compassion.
Shiva Barat also comes out of many temples of Varanasi on Shivaratri. Anyone can join this procession. The Shiva Barat is a way of depicting events related to Shiva’s life in the tableau. I thought of becoming part of the Barat emanating from the ancient Shiva temple (Mahamrityunjaya) of Varanasi described in Kashikhand. By six o’clock in the evening, I was in the courtyard of this very ancient temple in the most ancient region of Varanasi. There was a long queue of visitors, I bought something to anoint Shiva from a nearby shop. Ganga- Jal (water of Ganges ) in a small clay cup some BEL- PATRA , some flowers. I got sandalwood paste, on my forehead from the priest at the shop. Now, like a true Shiva devotee, I joined the queue to enter the temple. The crowd was echoing with Har-Har Mahadev slogans. After about forty-five minutes I entered the temple. People said that due to corona, this time the crowd is very less, due to which the number of aged people in the devotees was seen quite low. Came out after the divine darshan of Mahadev. It was hearing from the people that the Barat is still an hour to come out, and one should go on the main route to see the Barat well. The path of the temple is narrow, so I intended to go to Maidagin, the main road. Knowing that Maidagin is five minutes away, I intended to have a look at other ancient temples (mentioned in Kashi Khand) near Mahamrityunjaya temple.
Almost all the temples were smaller than the Mahamrityunjaya temple. The temples were also comparatively less crowded. One thing surprised me a lot – the visitors to these temples were completely unaware of the historical aspect of the temple. The importance of the temple was only religious to him. Many of the youths were also unaware of the religious aspect, only due to tradition, they were there. This locality of Varanasi is like a time machine that can throw you in ancient times in one stroke. Many sacred texts of Hindus mention this area, &temples but school books are silent on this subject. The fake Marxist historians at school and university are busy teaching imported history. Suddenly the music playing in a loud voice was a gesture of the Barat, I too departed to Madaigin with fast steps.
A lot of tableaus was seen at the Maidagin Crossroads. The events related to Shiva’s life were depicted in all the tableaux. Some old-fashioned horse-car was also seen. People told that the dignitaries of the city are sitting on them. In the crowd, all the hands were mobile, all were engaged in capturing this memorable event on mobile. I enjoyed the tableaux for about half an hour and decided to enjoy another practice.
Thandai ,Bhaang & paan .
JAI-JAI SHIV SHANKAR KAANTA LAGEY NA KANKAD KI PYALA TEREY NAAM KA PIYA.
Thandai a popular soft drink in Varanasi. Thandai is made from a mixture of natural things, including rose petals, almonds, fruit seeds, milk, etc. Cannabis is also added to it on Mahashivaratri. I also came to enjoy a famous, Thandai shop at the Maidagin. Nearly a dozen people were at the shop. Surprisingly almost all the people reached there only after seeing the Shiva-baraat. Thandai was being served in a clay -cup(kullhada) naturally. Cannabis was also kept in a vessel. People were adding cannabis to the thandai according to their capacity. I told the storekeeper that this is my first time to tell me the right amount to drink cannabis. take suggestions from the shop owner or else this experience can be overwhelming. The practice of drinking cannabis in Shivratri is also very old. At one time, there was elaborate preparation in temples as well. SIL-BATTAsil (flat -stone) batta (a cylindrical grinding stone) was used to grind cannabis before the arrival of electricity. In a Shiva temple (In the seventeenth-eighteenth century, many temples were built by the Marathas in Varanasi.)I saw a sil equipped with geometric art. This Shiva temple is located on Panchkoshi Marg.
After thandai , I reached a paan shop. I felt a wave (BHANG KI TARANG) while chewing the betel leaf. Different experience. With small steps, I walked towards the house with this memorable experience. (If you come to Varanasi and want to experience cannabis, then go to any famous thandai shop. It is best to eat cannabis in thandai. Before drinking cannabis(bhaang) keep some points in your mind.
Before consuming cannabis, make sure to know its quantity from the shop owner.
In Shiva, who is the Lord of this Universe, Or Vishnu, its soul, I see no difference, But still, my love is for Him
Who has the young moon on His forehead.
Satyam Shivam Sundaram
Oh when will that time come,
When in a beautiful full-moon night, Sitting on the banks of some river, And in a calm, yet high notes repeating
“Shiva! Shiva! Shiva!” All my feelings will come out through the eyes In the form of tears?
When, wearing only the Kaupina, Lying on the sands of the holy Ganges in Benares,(Varanasi) When shall I weep aloud, “O Lord of ghouls”, Saying this, and whole days shall pass like moments?(Swami Vivekananda -The Complete Works)
Dawn of human civilization:- The unique relationship between Shiva, Ganga and Varanasi.
Glimpses of world history: ———– “Some old inscriptions from south India tell us how the members of the panchayats were elected, their qualifications and disqualifications. If any member did not render accounts of public funds he was disqualified. Another very interesting rule seems to have been that near relative of members were disqualified from office. How excellent if this could be enforced now in all our councils and assemblies and municipalities.” (Jawaharlal Nehru)
This question will probably be one of the most difficult questions in human history, who first came into existence in Shiva, Varanasi and Ganga? It is impossible for a very ordinary person like me to answer this question, and I have no such attempt. My effort is just an attempt to shed light on the sacred relationship of Varanasi, Ganga and Shiva and its historicity. Mark Twain is probably the best on this subject.
As we mentioned the city deity – Shiva is honored with the city deity of Varanasi (Banaras, Kashi) is one of the oldest cities in the world. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2019/12/31/oldest-living-city-happy-new-year/ The Ganges river goes a long way until it reaches the sea from the Himalayas.(About fifteen hundred miles) Many ancient and religious cities of North India developed on the banks of river Ganges.(HARIDWAR,PRAYAGRAJ-Allahabad, KANPUR,VARANASI,MIRZAPUR,FARRUKHABAD,KANNAUJ,BHAGALPUR,PATNA,HAJIPUR,MUNGER,KOLKATA etc.) But the way the river Ganges behaves in Varanasi is not seen anywhere else. For more information about this subject please visit :-
Almost all the great historians are of the opinion that ancient Varanasi city was near Rajghat. Near Rajghat, the Varuna River meets with the Ganges River, due to this river, the city got its name Varanasi. And in ancient times this river got its name due to the Varan (a species of trees) The riverVaranavatiis mentioned in the Atharva Veda.( period:-1000-900BCE)
Standing on a bridge built on the river Ganges near Rajghat, the crescent structure of Varanasi city is clearly visible. Always has a tradition of showing the Ganges River and the crescent moon on the forehead of Shiva. Beyond the imagination, amazing thousands of years old Shiva’s image, the unique SANGAM (GANGES MEETS VARANASI) of Ganges and Varanasi can be seen even today. Our ancestors, who had imagined such beautiful, accurate images of Shiva’s human form thousands of years ago, would undoubtedly have good knowledge of geography, mathematics and literature. It is a miracle that the seals of many Shiva temples have been found in the excavation of Rajghat, which has confirmed the Shiva-temples mentioned in the Puranas.(DATE:-c 250 CE )
I love the area where the holy river Ganges flows in Varanasi. (SHIV Matsya Purana)
Many historians, archaeologists have estimated from the material obtained from the excavation of Rajghat that the ancient Varanasi city existed in 11th or 12 century BC.
Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same—-Walt Whitman
Markandeya Mahadev: – On the border of Varanasi-Ghazipur, another holy river, Gomti, meets with the Ganges. The place of this confluence is located in a village called Kathy. The importance of this place, and the antiquity can be inferred from the fact that the description of this temple is also mentioned in Mahabharata. —-
‘मार्कण्डेयस्य राजेन्द्रतीर्थमासाद्य दुर्लभम् ।
गोमतीगङ्गयोश्चैव सङ्गमे लोकविश्रुते॥
(MAHABHARAT -PAGE 241)
The temple building has been changing over time, some historians believe that the Sangam place was also at some distance in ancient times. I personally feel very attached to this temple, because my mother’s village is near this temple, she used to come here since childhood, her habit continued in the later days as well. It seems to me that my mother used to feel connected to her ancestors in this temple more than religious significance.
My father was a civil engineer, (He was a graduate of India’s most prestigious civil engineering college and Asia’s oldest civil engineering college, Roorkee.)He also had reverence for the temple. Father’s scientific thinking about rivers, soils, and excellent knowledge of history used to make the journey to any historical, religion place interesting. Visiting this temple in Shiva-Ratri is of great importance. Many stories related to Hinduism, are prevalent about this temple. Many stories related to here are also mentioned in Hindu, Buddhism, Jainism religious texts. There is a deep reverence for the temple in the surrounding area.
This freedom came from the feeling that all human lives were interrelated, a certainty that they flowed into each other—ahappy feeling that all events took place not only on the earth, in which the dead are buried, but also in some other region which some called the Kingdom of God, others history, and still others by some other name.(Boris Pasternak)
Veereshwar Mahadev: – The mention of this temple of Varanasi is also found in the Kashi Khanda. This temple was of great importance in ancient times. This temple is situated on the banks of the Ganges near Scindia Ghat. The event of the birth of Swami Vivekananda, the world-renowned philosopher of modern times, is also associated with this temple. For more information about this subject please visit :- https://nithinks.com/2020/07/05/the-unknown-life-of-swami-vivekananda/
Birth of Vivekananda, Shiva temple and Varanasi.
Bhubaneswari was worshiping lord shiva in one of the houses in that locality. At the close of the her worship , she prayed to Shiva everyday while offering pranam, “o Shiva , give me a son on my lap.” she had a few daughters already . but how could she live without a son? so, she offered daily worship to Shiva for a son . she had even asked one of her old relatives at Benares (Varanasi)to offer daily worship to Vireswar Shiva there on her behalf . god heeds to whatever is asked of him with devotion in a simple heart . Bhubaneswari’s prayer was also granted. In the early morning of January 12,1863, she gave birth to a son .the child was named Vireswar after Vireswar Shiva as his mother believed that she was granted her son as a boon from the lord . but the name was too difficult to be used as a nickname.so everybody in the house used to call him as a Biley. he was named NarendraNath Dutta at the annaprasshana ceremony but still he remained the same Biley for all .(Vivekananda for children -publisher : Sri Ramkrishna Math Chennai)
Panch Ganga Ghat: – a is among the five major and oldest ghats of Varanasi. This place is described in the Matsya Purana as an area of influence of Vishnu .Its ancient name was Bindumadhav Ghat. This Ghat got its name from the ancient temple of Bindumadhav (Lord Vishnu). In the seventeenth century, this ancient temple was demolished by the Islamic ruler Aurangzeb, and a mosque was built from the rubble of that ancient temple. Since then the name of this place became Panch Ganga in place of Bindumadhav. For more information about this subject please visit :—
Indus Valley Civilization :- (2350-2000 BCE)
The remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, Shiva are also there. Shiva also has a name Pashupati. Pashupati means God of animals. Under the Indus Valley Civilization, a stone seal was found at a place called Mohenjodaro, in which Shiva is in a yoga pose (AADI YOGI) and is surrounded by a variety of animals. Shiva’s crown is like a trident, this seal is kept in the museum of Delhi.
One thing is clear that according to our convenience, we call Shiva by religion, civilization culture, deity and nature by any name Shiva is prevalent among all. Man himself is a creation of prehistoric times. The imagination of man’s prehistoric period, the sequence of development, Shiva is included in himself. According to Hindu religion philosophy, God is omnipresent. Shiva is the history of human development journey from the beginning of nature till date. Shiva is the symbol of power – the combined power. Shiva is the symbol of any endeavor for the welfare of human life. Shiva is the symbol of the communication of spiritual power. Shiva is the basis of nature and human relations, , and these cooperation.
For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. Sri Aurobindo
Bharat Mata Ki Jay—Victory to mother India
“We do not consider anyone else as mother Mother and motherland are superior even to heaven.”
Bharat Mata Temple. (Mother India) In this temple, the country of India is depicted as Bharat Mata.
Bharat Mata Temple in Varanasi is located about a kilometer from Cant- railway station. This temple is near Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth University. The temple has a beautiful campus. The walls of this campus depict major events related to India’s freedom struggle through paintings. The Fine Arts Department of the University is also on this campus, due to which a large number of students can be seen here. Bharat Mata Mandir(Mother India) is a two-story building made of sandstone on the campus. Important Information related to the temple is written on the information plate.
The building was designed by freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.
The central atrium houses a map of undivided India (Akhand Bharat carved in marble as a votive object. The main building is double storied and square in plan. The map comprises 762 square pieces of marble measuring 11″x11″ Bach was built by 30. Sculptors and 25 masons. The relief map sunken in the floor can be seen from the first floor circumambulatory passage. It measures 950 m x 920 m at the scale of 1:405500 (1 inch being equal to 6.4 miles). The temple building is situated at a slight height, for which some stairs have to be climbed.
Complete Vande Mataram National Song (Rashtra-Geet) is written on both sides of the main door. Gayatri Mantra is inscribed on the main entrance of the temple. Swastik, the sacred mark of Hindus, is also built here. Do not pay attention to any Marxist, Propaganda; it is a very ancient Hindu symbol that has been in use for thousands of years. (These signs have also been found in the excavations of Harappa, Mohenjodaro). Some holy Hindu icons made with it can break the heart of any communist, Marxists.
SIX POINT STAR
SIX-POINTED STAR(SHATKONA) is two interlocking triangles; the upper stands for Shiva, ’Purusha’(male energy) and fire, the lower for Shakti,’Prakriti’(female power) and water. Their union gives birth to Sanatkumara, whose sacred number is six.
What is the historical similarity between these holy and thousands year old Hindu icons and the holy symbols of Jews, The Star of David, Seal of Solomon? It would be better if left to historians.
On entering the main gate, a geographical map of India is made on the floor. This map shows Akhand Bharat (this map precedes the partition of India-Pakistan), for this reason, it is called Bharat Mata Mandir(Mother India). For the children studying in school, away from the world of boring books and school settlements, this was a great place to give them some good and entertaining education.
Who is Bharat Mata? Why do we say Bharat Mata Ki Jai? Why do we say Bande Mataram? Answers to many such questions and our philosophy of civilization, culture, history, and the geographical journey can be done very easily here.
Mother is very important in Hindu religion, philosophy, due to this reason, nature, sacred rivers; a cow has the status of the mother in India.
Swami Vivekananda, who introduced the whole world through Hinduism, culture, yoga, and meditation, said that _
Her curse is a blessing!
“One who does not worship his mother can never truly rise.”
In India, the mother is the Centre of the family and our highest ideal. To us, she is representative of God, as God himself is the mother of the universe.
Why should the Hindu mother be worshipped? Our philosophers try to find a reason and they come to this definition: We call ourselves the Aryan race. What is the Aryan? He is a man whose birth is through religion .this is a peculiar subject, perhaps in this country; but the idea is that a man must be born through religion, through prayers. If you take up our law books you will find chapters devoted to this—the prenatal influence of a mother on the child.
The following lecture was delivered at Cambridge, December 17, 1894, and recorded by Miss Frances Willard’s stenographer.
Sita is typical of India— idealized India. The question is not whether she ever lived, whether the story is history or not, we know that the ideal is there.
India did not even have its own independent national flag at the time of British colonialism. Every nation in the world has its own national flag, which symbolizes that country’s independence, sovereignty, integrity, unity. According to Indian civilization and culture, imagining the country as a mother was also compatible with the feelings of the common people of the country.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee arrived under such circumstances. He had not said anything new – he had interpreted the Gita afresh. Amidst an atmosphere of despair, there was an assurance of victory in the verses of Gita.
Shri Krishna chanted the mantra of Shakti during Kurukshetra, encouraging Arjuna the war-bearer. After a long time, those mantras again filled the youth with hope. In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve.
The novel, based on the revolt of the monks of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country.
In protest against Lord Curzon’s partition of Bengal —-
One slogan echoed throughout the country —– Vande Mataram
On seeing any British, children also started announcing Vande Mataram to tease him.
Describing the same incident, famous Bengali writer Vimal Mitra has written that after seeing a British officer who went out on a morning walk, some children started shouting Vande Mataram, upset and annoyed by this incident. British officer said ———-
THIS HORRIBLE BENDEMATRAM WILL MAKE ME MAD.
Mahatma Gandhi himself, a very popular mass leader throughout the country, used Vande Mataram in place of greeting in his correspondence. For many revolutionaries who were hanged, the same sentence was used while hanging —— Vande Mataram. for more information please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2020/10/02/gandhi-irrelevant-on-social-media/
Sometimes as I reached a gathering, a great role of welcome would greet me: Bharat Mata ki Jay—‘Victory to mother India.’ I would ask them unexpectedly what they meant by that cry, who was this Bharat Mata, Mother India, whose victory they wanted. My question would amuse them and surprise them, and they not knowing exactly what to answer, they would look at each other and at me. I persisted in my questioning. At last, a vigorous Jat wedded to the soil from immemorial generations, would say that it was the dharti, the good earth of India that they meant. What Earth? Their particular village patch, or all the patches in the district or province, or in the whole of India? And so question and answer went on, till they would ask me impatiently to tell them all about it. I would endeavor to do so and explain that India was all this that they had thought, but it was much more, The mountains and the rivers of India, and the forests and the broad fields, which gave us food, were all dear to us, but what counted ultimately were the people of India, people like them and me, who were spread out all over this vast land. Bharat Mata, Mother India was essentially these millions of people, and victory to her meant victory to these people. You are parts of this Bharat Mata, I told them, you are in a manner yourselves Bharat Mata, and as this idea slowly soaked into their brains, their eyes would lit up as if they had made a great discovery.
Vande –Mataram and Muslims:– Vande Mataram song was opposed by Muslims because of the worship of Hindu Goddess Durga at someplace in it. Islam believes in monotheism, for this reason, the Muslim spirit is hurt by singing the song Vande Mataram.
A committee was formed keeping in mind the sentiments of the Muslims. Nehru, the chairman of this committee, was appointed and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was also placed in this committee. The committee while submitting its report said that at the beginning of the song Vande Mataram there is a praise of Mother India, but later lines mention Hindu Gods and Goddesses. In order to maintain Hindu-Muslim unity and avoid controversy, only the homeland praise section of this song was accepted as a national song. Ravindra Nath Tagore’s “Jan-Man-Gag” was accepted as the national anthem to avoid controversy.
What is a nation? The Shakti’s of its millions.
For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. The Shakti we call India Bhawani Bharti is the living unity of three hundred million, people but she is inactively imprisoned in the magic circle of the tamas the self-indulgent inertia and ignorance of her sons to get rid of tamas we have but to wake the Brahma within. (Sri Aurobindo)
For a subject people, there is no Royal Road to emancipation. They must wade to it through struggle sacrifice slaughter, if necessary. history suggests no short-cut other Nations also were weak disunited and denationalised like ourselves it is the rallying cry of freedom that combined their scattered units drawing them together with a compelling and magical attraction those who would win freedom must first imbue the people with an overpowering conviction that freedom is the one thing needful without a great ideal there can be no great movement small baits of material advantages will not nerve them to High Endeavour and heroine self-sacrifice; it is only the idea of national freedom and national greatness that has that overmastering appeal we must not bend the knee to others but try to be worthy of our past—- here is an ideal which if set forth with conviction and power cannot fail to inspire self-sacrificing action we need faith above all things faith in ourselves faith in the nation faith in India’s destiny.——————-
Sri Aurobindo- Bande Matram (Vande Mataram) Newspaper April 25th, 1907. Sri Aurobindo (Vande Mataram song was translated into English by you. I have shown here only those lines which have been accepted as a national song.)
I bow to thee, Mother,
cool with the winds of the south,
dark with the crops of the harvests,
Her nights rejoicing in the glory of the moonlight,
her lands clothed beautifully with her trees in flowering bloom,
sweet of laughter, sweet of speech,
The Mother, giver of boons, giver of bliss.
The flags were physical evidence of the sudden and dramatic rise in the importance of national identity for Americans. But what does the American flag represent, and what are the cultural values it celebrates? For some, it is McDonald’s, Disney, and baseball. For others, its values are defined by those of the early British settlers who brought their own culture and language. For the African-American community and millions of Hispanic immigrants, it is none of these.
Wal-Mart reportedly sold 116000 flags on September 11 and 250000 the next day. Compared with 6400and 10000on the same days a year earlier.” The demand for flags was ten times what it had been during the gulf war, flag manufacturers went overtime and doubled, tripled, or quintupled production”.
SAMUEL P. HUNTINGTON: – WHO ARE WE?
PakistanIslamic Propaganda and Hindu phobia
The Hindus consider the land as their mother and god. They consider it very holy. But they shit on it! They will plough it! What kind of absurd belief is this…
The Hindus believe that the partition of the subcontinent has chopped their god into several pieces. Pakistan consists of the hands of their God. Afghanistan consists of the legs of their god. And it is there duty to collect all the chopped parts of their god to give it the old shape. Therefore it is extremely essential to conquer all the country in the subcontinent .that is why they started hatching conspiracies against Pakistan soon after august 1947.they have mastermind Pakistan’s disintegration ……..
BHARAT-MATA VANDE MATRAM & ISLAMIC PROPAGANDA
Some temples of Hindus have maps of India. One of the temples in Benaras (Varanasi) shows Pakistan as part of India in the map. The Hindus worship this map. Some Hindus sacrifice human beings to please their gods. The Hindus of Madras and Calcutta buy a human being and then slaughter him. They drink his blood and eat his flesh to please their gods. This rite is called Marbati and it is performed twice a year. It has been banned now but it is still widely practised secretly…
Bloodthirsty people like Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao killed millions with the help of Propaganda. It cannot be avoided considering it as an internal issue of a failed country Pakistan. Such unrestrained things are part of Islamic Jihad. Such propaganda is bolstered by active Islamic extremists within the country and poor politics of appeasement.
For the past few years, the opposition of Vande Mataram, the opposition of the Indian flag, the country’s Republic Day, the Independence Day, has been opposed on the basis of the notion of Islamic monotheism. India is not an Islamic country, Sharia law cannot be imposed here.
Such pointless things not only insult our revolutionaries, the feelings of countrymen, but also our thousands of years old culture and civilization. The Muslims of the country have to understand clearly that the sentiments of this country cannot be mocked by praising Islam, and not this great country can be shaken by showing fear of Jihad and Gazwa-e Hind.
However, it is definitely that with such antics, people start to look suspiciously towards Islam.
To Indian Muslims, I want to ask only one question. In the recent all India Muslim conference, why did they not open their mouths on the Kashmir issue? Why did you not condemn the action of Pakistan? These things create doubts in the mind of people. So as a friend of Muslims, I want to say a word and it is the duty of a good friend to speak frankly. It is your duty now to sail in the same boat and sink are swim together. I want to tell you very frankly that you cannot ride on two horses. Select one horse whichever you like best .those who wants to go to Pakistan can go there and live in peace! let us here in peace to work for ourselves……
A Knowledge of History, even of the darkest past, can be quite useful, even for the future. (Anatoly Markusha, Miracles on wheels)
Makar Sankranti is a festival that is celebrated in different ways throughout India. Basically, it is a harvest festival. The variety found in food and drink across India, likewise, is also found in this festival. In another sense, it is a good example of unity in diversity.
This festival is known as Lohri in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, Khichdi in North India, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti in West Bengal, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Orissa Sankranti, in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Sankranti Foods made with jaggery, lai (Food made by roasting paddy, millet, etc. Lava.) chuda (Flattened rice,) sesame, etc. are consumed in this festival. Currently, the tradition of flying kites is also a part of this festival.
The oldest form of Makar Sankranti: –
Makar Sankranti is a festival of happiness with the arrival of a new crop, with the end of winter, and the sun enters Capricorn. According to Hindu beliefs, Sun (Surya) is the only visible God, and this festival is dedicated to him. Taking a bath in holy rivers on Makar Sankranti is a tradition to pay reverence to the sun.
Banaras(Varanasi): – Because Varanasi is the city where the entire Indianess is seen. If a tableau of the whole of India is to be taken in a limited place, it is possible only in Varanasi, and perhaps this is why Hindus have so much attraction towards Varanasi. For more information about , Benares(Varanasi,Kashi) please visit:- http://nithinks.com/2020/12/01/dev-deepawali-festival-of-light-city-of-light/
This time, Makar Sankranti is also special. A full year has passed in the outbreak of coronavirus, the arrival of the New Year, two days later the corona vaccine will be available to the general public.
Thousands of years of tradition and present:
The struggle of a common man in the rapidly changing circumstances of the country and the world, the engagement of information technology with the general public, the apprehension of the people towards the future, the thinking of farmers towards the on-going farmer movement in the country, the thinking of farmers on the government’s attitude To answer all the questions, I found the festival of Makarsankranti in Banaras to be the most appropriate.
Apart from this, one thing was bothering me for many days. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of the country wrote in his book Glimpses of World History about Makarsankranti —-
THE BURDEN OF OLD TRADITION
“I sat reading; the calm of the early morning was broken by distant voices and rumblings, ever-growing stronger. I remember that it was the Sankranti day, the first big day of the Magh Mela, and the pilgrims were marching in their thousands for their morning dip at the Sangam, where the Ganga meets the Jumna and the invisible Saraswati is also supposed to join them. And as they marched they sang and sometimes cheered mother Ganga—- Ganga Mai ki Jai—- and their voices reached me over the walls of Naini Prison. As I listened to them I thought of the power of faith which drew these vast numbers to the river and made them forget for a while their poverty and misery. And I thought how year after year, for how many hundreds or thousands of years, the pilgrims had march to the Triveni. Men may come and men may go and governments and empires may lord it awhile and then disappear into the past, but the old tradition continues and generation after generation bows down to it. Tradition has much of good in it, but sometimes it becomes a terrible burden, which makes it difficult for us to move forward. It is fascinating to think of the unbroken chain which connects us with the dim and distant past, to read accounts of these melas written 1300 years ago—- and the mela was an old tradition even then. But this change has a way of clinging on to us when we want to move on, and of making us almost prisoners in the grip of this tradition. We shall have to keep many of the links with our past, but we shall also have to break through the prison of tradition wherever it prevents us from our onward march.”
Was Nehru’s statement a scientific thought? Did Communist, Marxist have a fancy attitude towards religion? Did Nehru have any faith in Gandhi’s Ramrajya? Could anyone who believed in Gandhi’s Ramrajya use such language for a Hindu festival? Was this Nehru’s vision?
Why was Nehru so deeply intolerant of Hinduism as deeply sympathetic to the Red Terrorists? (communists)
Nehru’s views towards Lenin in Glimpses of World History- “The year you were born in —-1917 —was one of the memorable years of history when a great leader, with a heart full of love and sympathy for the poor and suffering, made his people write a noble and never –to-be-forgotten chapter of history. In the very month in which you were born, Lenin started the great revolution which has changed the face of Russia and Siberia.”
With the rise of nationalism in the present, the Nehru ideology being weak and meaningless, making an effort to understand the future, I also decided to participate in this festival.
I reached Rajghat at about 4 a.m in the morning before dawn. First of all, I went to a small tea shop, got my attention to the Stone plate near the shop.
The name of the great poet Rabindranath Thakur was written on this stone plate and the route connecting the main road to Rajghat is named after him. I was listening to people while sipping tea at the tea shop. The topic of their discussion was based on the drainage system built by James Prinsep in Varanasi. One of these people introduced himself as Ashutosh Kumar Yadav, after taking some valuable information on this subject and thanking him, I moved towards the ghat.
There were some small shops close to the ghat, which were selling toys for children, beauty articles for women, some girls were selling flowers, lamps (Diya) some poor, beggars were also seen, There is also the practice of charity after a holy bath in Makarsankranti festival, so after talking to the people there, it came to know that many beggars have gathered from the surrounding areas in the hope of donation there. There was not much crowd at the ghat, after looking carefully for a long time; I realized that the crowd that came to take a holy bath of Makarsankranti can be divided mainly into some category. The maximum number of people were from the nearby rural areas, these people mostly came by bus, then the people who lived near the river banks, the youngest boys, the girls showed the most enthusiasm, this enthusiasm was natural given their age .the challenge of bathing in cold, icy water had become an encouraging atmosphere. Some saints – monks also appeared, very calm, solemn, some aged for whom this festival was a chance to relive the old, pleasant days when they were children, and come with their guardians, Some of the police force also appeared ready to help with promptness, after a short walk, I decided to move towards the next ghat.
It was still dark, most of the ghats were still silent, the corona effect could not be ruled out, I slowly moved forward, on a ghat I suddenly heard my favorite song ringing in a low voice, It was great to hear this song on this special occasion. मानो तो मैं गंगा माँ हूँ ,न मानो , तो बहता पानी . if you have faith I am mother Ganga, without faith just flowing water.
This song is written by the famous poet of Varanasi, Anjaan . Going near, a young man was playing this song on his mobile phone in a slow voice and giving food to some street dogs, while sitting on a bench, I heard the whole song. Walking further, I saw many people feeding food to different animals in many places. In Hinduism, giving food to the needy is considered to be the most sacred duty, even if it is an animal. Later on, I saw many people, some feeding birds, some monkeys; some unclaimed dogs Due to the outbreak of Corona, when all the industries were closed down, free food grains and money were being given by the government to the people living below the poverty line.
Then how much people must have been helped by these habits! It seems to me that even now people may not have needed personal help; such habits must have been of great importance in fighting famines and epidemics. Perhaps to fight the epidemics, famines, society must have gradually developed such a system with the participation of the people.
Struggling with many thoughts, I reached the Gaay Ghat. After Rajghat, some crowd appeared here, a small temple was built on the banks of the river, after taking bath, and devotees were offering Ganga water to the idol of Lord Shiva in the temple.
Some youngsters were taking mobile selfies while bathing in icy water, some were also doing some religious rituals in great calm. At one place some sadhus were chanting the Shanti Mantra while studying in school as a child; I had also memorized the Shanti mantra. I also started to hum from a distance. The Shanti Mantra is mentioned in the Upanishad’s, and Veda’s. Probably since then, people have been humming them on the banks of the Ganges.
Hindu philosophy and the importance of peace.
ॐ सह नाववतु |
सह नौ भुनक्तु |
सह वीर्यं करवावहै |
तेजस्विनावधीतमस्तु मा विद्विषावहै॥
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः॥
Om! May God protect us both together; may God nourish us both together;
May we work conjointly with great energy,
May our study be vigorous and effective;
May we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any).
The darkness was still dense. But one could easily see the giant painting on the walls.
The huge painting of Lord Shiva on a wall was very attractive. In this painting, Lord Shiva is depicted as the protector of nature.
Walking slowly, I reached my destination Panch- Ganga Ghat. There is a hundred of thousands of years old tradition of bathing in the Ganges in Varanasi, all the Ghats have their own historical significance, and there are many festivals of bathing in the Ganges in Varanasi. Religiously, bathing at this place was of paramount importance.
Shadow of Islamic imperialism and the Makarsankranti:
A Knowledge of History, even of the darkest past, can be quite useful, even for the future. (Anatoly Markusha, Miracles on wheels)
Panch-Ganga is among the five major and oldest ghats of Varanasi. Its ancient name was Bindumadhav Ghat. This Ghat got its name from the ancient temple of Bindumadhav (Lord Vishnu). In the seventeenth century, this ancient temple was demolished by the Islamic ruler Aurangzeb, and a mosque was built from the rubble of that ancient temple. Since then the name of this place became Panch Ganga in place of Bindumadhav.
With the tradition of bathing in the holy river on special occasions, and with such small habits, did our ancestors manage to save their religion!
Could we save our religion only with the help of our culture!
Who were those people who not only kept their traditions alive even after the destruction of their temples, idols of Gods but also defeated foreign invaders?
Maxim Gorky the founder of soviet literature
Schools should introduce one more, very important, subject- The History of labor, the brilliant and tragic history of man’s struggle with the natural world, the history of his discoveries and inventions, his victories and triumphs over the forces of nature.”
And a little later he wrote:“I believe very strongly in miracles made by the intelligence and imagination of man; I know no other miracles.”
Remembering my great ancestors, I also decided to take a holy dip on this holy day, the holy place of the holy city. Makrasankranti has been one of my favorite festivals since childhood, but before today Makarsankranti meant for me only the taste of many types of dishes, and flying kites throughout the day. Today’s experience was completely new to me and was like a cultural journey that I cannot forget in my lifetime.
“ANY MAN WHO TELLS YOU THAT AN ACT OF ARMED RESISTANCE-EVEN IF OFFERED BY TEN MEN ONLY-EVEN IF OFFERED BY MEN ARMED WITH STONES-ANY MEN WHO TELL YOU THAT SUCH AN ACT OF RESISTANCE IS PREMATURE,IMPRUDENT,OR DANGEROUS,ANY AND EVERY SUCH MAN SHOULD BE AT ONCE SPURNED AND SPAT AT,FOR REMARK YOU THIS AND RECOLLECT THAT SOMEWHERE AND SOME HOW AND BY SOMEBODY A BEGINNING MUST BE MADE AND THAT THE FIRST ACT OF RESISTANCE IS ALWAYS AND MUST BE EVER PREMATURE , IMPRUDENT AND DANGEROSUS”
(IRISH HEROIC T. MAXVANY)
The “Benares Rebellion” could not leave a significant mark in its history due to lack of vision and inability to take decisions in the King of Banares.
In order to shed light on this incident and its importance, I have made the basis of the letters of the British officers of that time, their statements, buildings and ruins connected with this incident in and around Benares. Indian intellectuals (especially Sampurna Nand)You were a great educationist.And was also the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and the Governor of Rajasthan. (Your great-grandfather Sadanand ji was the divan of King Chet Singh.)
Warren Hasting himself wrote that “If Chet Singh had not run away at this time and would have attacked the garden of Madhodas, I would surely have been killed and thus rebellion would have spread all around”.
SELECTIONS FROM THE STATE PAPERS OF THE GOVERNORS-GENERAL OF INDIA :WARREN HASTINGS (George Forest Page 160)
WARREN HASTINGS WAS THE FIRST GOVERNOR OF THE PRESSIDENCY OF FORT WILLIAM, THE HEAD OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF BENGAL, THE FIRST DE FACTO GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA .WARREN HASTINGS CREDITED ALONG WITH ROBERT CLIVE FOR LAYING THE FOUNDATION OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN INDIA.
On July 7, 1781, Warren Hastings left Kolkata for Banaras (Varanasi) with his men. On the way, Warren Hasting also stopped at Bhagalpur and Buxar. On August 15, 1781, Warren Hastings arrived in Varanasi. Warren Hasting came to Varanasi to investigate complaints against Maharaja Banaras Chet Singh.
Warren Hasting reached Varanasi and stayed in a garden named Madhodas. This garden of Madhodas is presently known as Radhaswami Bagh or Swami Bagh in Varanasi.
On the banks of the Ganges, Shivala Bhavan, now known as Chet Singh Ghat, the Maharaja of Benares was arrested and detained here by order of Warren Hastings.The disobedience of Maharaj by the soldiers of Warren Hastings provoked the soldiers of Maharaj’s army and then the people also joined the soldiers of Maharaj.
LieutT Arch.Scott 1s Battalion sepoys,
LieutT Jer Symes2nd Battalion sepoys
Lieut J Stalker Resd. Body Guard
WHO WERE KILLED WITH 200 SEPOYS AUGUST (17TH 1781)
NEAR THIS SPOT,DOING THEIR DUTY.
(SEPOY:-INDIAN FOOT -SOLDIER,esp. IN THE SERVICE OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY .)
1-Here 30 foreign soldiers, 150 native soldiers were killed, and 100 men were wounded in the struggle between British and Maharaja Varanasi soldiers.
Only two soldiers of Maharaja Varanasi died.
2-An officer named Captain Mayfair marched into the city of Varanasi, a troop of his army, where he was surrounded, the public beaten Mayfair and his soldiers badly in the streets of Varanasi.Mayfair was killed along with 36 white soldiers, 108 native soldiers were also killed, 42 soldiers were injured.
I AM NOT AFRAID OF AN ARMY OF LIONS LED BY A SHEEP,I AM AFRAID OF AN ARMY OF SHEEP LED BY A LION.
(ALEXANDER THE GREAT)
The public was very excited by this incident and was ready to avenge the insult of the king. At this time the people needed a skilled leadership, but unfortunately the king could not lead such enthusiastic people either.
At such a time, instead of leading the public, it was very sad for the king to run away like cowards and only worry about himself and family.
This shameful attitude of Maharaja soon led to the loss of trust of the people and the army from his Majesty.
Warren Hastings was very frightened to see himself surrounded in Varanasi and decided to leave Varanasi at the earliest. Decided to go to Chunar, located just a few kilometers away from Varanasi, because this fort was in the possession of the East India Company. Warren Hasting, along with some confidant men, made the journey to Chunar in the night somehow.
The problem of lack of leadership in India continued even further.
The only reason for the failure of the first freedom struggle of 1857 was the lack of skilled leadership.
Swami Vivekananda has mentioned this:-
A LEADER LEADS BY EXAMPLE:
AN English friend of mine,named General Strong, was in India during the sepoy mutiny. He used to tell many stories about it.One day, in the course of conversation,I asked him how it was that the sepoys who had enough of guns,ammunniotion, and provisions at their disposal ,and were also trained veterans, came to suffer such a defeat.
He replied that the leaders among them ,instead of advancing forward , only kept shouting from a safe position in the rear , fight on brave lads, and so forth but unless the commanding officer goes ahead and faces death , the rank and file will never fight with heart. It is the same in every branch. a captain must sacrifice his head they say. If you can laydown your life, for a cause ,then only you can be a leader . But we all want to be leaders without making the necessary sacrifice. and the result is zero-no body listen to us!.
(THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA,7:325-26 )
These major events of Indian history provide two very important lessons.
1. When the leadership becomes ill-informed, then the public should lead themselves.
2 . The immediate decision of renunciation is necessary to maintain independence. In the future, we will take care of these things only then we can maintain independence.
Vivekananda’s attachment to the temples of Varanasi and Varanasi always remained.
During this time a lot of untold, but significant things happened.
Oh, when will that day come,
when in a forest ,saving “Shiva”,”Shiva”,
my days shall pass?
a serpant and the garland the same ,
The strong foe and the friend the same,
The flower-bed and the stone -bed the same ,
a beautiful women and a blade of grass the same!
THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA PAGE 313
O Shiva , when shall i be able to cut
to the very roots of my karma,
By becoming solitary,desireless, quiet—-
My hands my only plate, and the cordinal points
THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA PAGE 313
Birth of Vivekananda, Shiva temple and Varanasi.
Bhubaneswari was worshiping lord shiva in one of the houses in that locality. At the close of the her worship , she prayed to Shiva everyday while offering pranam, “o Shiva , give me a son on my lap.” she had a few daughters already . but how could she live without a son?
so, she offered daily worship to Shiva for a son . she had even asked one of her old relatives at Benares (Varanasi)to offer daily worship to Vireswar Shiva there on her behalf . god heeds to whatever is asked of him with devotion in a simple heart . Bhubaneswari’s prayer was also granted. In the early morning of January 12,1863, she gave birth to a son .
the child was named Vireswar after Vireswar Shiva as his mother believed that she was granted her son as a boon from the lord . but the name was too difficult to be used as a nickname.so everybody in the house used to call him as a Biley. he was named NarendraNath Dutta at the annaprasshana ceremony but still he remained the same Biley for all .
(Vivekananda for children -publisher : Sri Ramkrishna Math Chennai)
In 1890, Vivekananda came to Varanasi with Swami Akhandanand. The house where Vivekananda stayed in Varanasi was known as Bengali Deodhi. (Vivekananda stayed in this house in Varanasi in 1888 too.) This house belonged to Pramadadas Mitra ji, who was an eminent scholar of that time. You translated the British national anthem into Sanskrit and the Gita into English.
“I shall not return until I burst on society like a bomb shell, and it will follow me likea dog”
When the rich people showed no enthusiasm in public welfare work, Vivekananda once said angrily between Pramadadas Mitra and the respected people of the city.
After proving this to be true in 1893 in the Parliament of Religions Chicago, Vivekananda returned to his Shiva city in Varanasi in 1901.
The arrival of Vivekananda in 1902 had a different meaning, now that Swami Vivekananda was a world-renowned, philosopher and scholar, but extremely weak and sick.the famous author (Shankar in his book the monk as man in chapter 4 pages 175, 176 of his 31 diseases. )Swamiji came to Banaras this time and stayed in the Gopal Lal Villa (raja Kali Krishna Thakur garden house) the locals also called this place as Sondha Bass, here Vivekananda stayed for almost a month. he described this place as health friendly.
To Miss Josephine MacLeod
GOPAL LAL VILLA, BENARAS CANTONMENT 7th Feb. 1902. MY DEAR JOE —
We have safely reached Benaras, and Mr. Okakura [Kakuzo] has already done Benaras. He goes to see Sarnath (the old Buddhistic place) today and starts on his tour tomorrow. He has asked Niranjan [Swami Niranjanananda] to accompany him and he has consented. Kanay [Nirbhayananda] has supplied him with everything he asked for — and he asks me also to send you the accounts. This, on the other page. I hope Nivedita and Mrs. [Ole] Bull have safely arrived. I am rather better than at Buddha Gaya. This house is nice — well furnished and has a good many rooms and parlours. There is a big garden all round and beautiful roses — and gigantic trees. It is rather cooler here than at Gaya. There was no hitch to our friends being admitted into the chief temple and [allowed to] touch the Sign of Shiva and to worship. The Buddhists, it seems, are always admitted. With all love and welcome to Mrs. Bull and Nivedita — if they have arrived — and all to you,
(THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA)
Only a few months after leaving here (4 july 1902) Swamiji died. Witnessing the last days of Swamiji, his residence Gopal Lal Villa has become a ruin. It would have been better if the government would have given this ruin a heritage form in Varanasi.
“I am glad I was born ,glad I suffered so, glad I did make big blunders ,glad to enter peace. I leave none bound, I take no bonds.whether this body will fall and relese me or I enter into freedom in the body , the old man is gone ,gone for ever,never to come back again! The guide the guru ,the leader, the teacher has passed away; the boy the student ,the servant is left behind.Behind my work was ambition,behind my love waspersonality,behind my purity was fear,behind my guidance the thrust of power! Now they are vanishing ,I drift.i come!mother,I come!”
“I think Banaras is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”.
“I had nothing to offer anybody except my own confusion”
NOW IN EARLIER times the worlds history had consisted ,so to speak, of a series of unrelated episodes, the origins and results of each being as widely separated as their localities, but from this point onwards history becomes an organic whole: the affairs of Italy and Africa are connected with those of Asia and of Greece, and all events bear a relationship and contribute to a single end. Polybius (died 118 b. c),on the rise of Rome (translated by Ian Scott- Kilvert).
My elder sister, who has been living in Denmark for four years, called me at Christmas. It was natural Christmas to be discussed. she told that most shops in Denmark remain closed. Many people like to celebrate this festival with their family. Suddenly there was talk about Christmas and New Year celebration of Varanasi and she said that she is missing Christmas of Varanasi. It was a matter of great surprise to me that Christmas is a completely Christian festival and the New Year concept has also come completely from the western countries, then to miss Varanasi.
If the national food of England can be Chicken- Tikka, a big discovery in England may be Tea time (tea is a completely popular drink in Asia) Christmas tree is selling in the whole market Made in China, then Varanasi Christmas is also unique It is possible. Away from the clash of civilizations, away from the cooperation of civilizations, far from right wrong From the oldest city in the world, a sudden thunderstorm of ideas, came to mind, wrote without any bond. The great writer and poet of Hindi literature Dr.Harivansh Rai Bachchan had said that the thoughts that arise in the mind should be written immediately.Just after remembering this idea of Bachchan Ji, I sat down to write.
Personal transformation can and does have global effects. As we go, so goes the world, for the world is us. The revolution that will save the world is ultimately a personal one. Marianne Williamson.
It is natural to remember O Henry‘s story on Christmas and New Year, but I am not talking here about O Henry’s “The gift of the Magi”. I am talking about another of his stories, “A Cosmopolitan in Café”.
“A Cosmopolitan in Café”.
Excuse me, said he, “but that’s a question i never like to hear asked. What does it matter where is a man from?. “Is it fair to judge a man by his post office address”.?why,Ive seen Kentuckians who hated whisky, Virginians who were not descended from Pocahontas, Indianan’s who had not written a novel, Mexicans who did not wear velvet trousers with silver dollars sewed along the seams, funny Englishmen, spendthrift Yankees, cold blooded southerners, narrow -minded Westerners and New Yorkers who were too busy to stop for an hour on the street to watch a one -armed grocers clerk do up cranberries in paper bags. “Let a Man be a man and Don’t Handicap Him with the Label of Any Section”.
Charles Dickens‘s immortal A Christmas carol is a document of social changes and changes in people’s lifestyles in England.
Similarly, in a famous Book” Banaras (Varanasi) City of Light” written by Diana l. Eck on Varanasi, Diana says that changes are very slow in Varanasi.
But there are changes, change is a returning rule of nature.
Varanasi is the oldest living city in the world, it is also known for its liveliness and fun. If it had completely rejected the change, it probably would not even exist today.
MARK TWAIN :- WIKIPEDIA
“Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together “
“I think Banaras is one of the most wonderful places I have ever seen. It it has struck me that a westerner feels in Banaras very much as an oriental must feel while he is planted down in the middle of London”.
“The city illumines the truth and reveals reality. It does not bring newwonders into the scope of vision, but enables one to see what is already there. where this eternal light intersects the earth, it is knownas kashi”(Varanasi).
Seven days a week and nine festivals have been the hallmark of Kashi. (Kashi older name of Varanasi).
The city is full of festivals. People from other cities should not make fun of Varanasi people by calling them as doodles, so festivals were given religious form here. Due to economic and social conditions, many changes are taking place, but the love with which holidays and festivals are celebrated in Varanasi is not anywhere else in India.
Varanasi has the same place among the Hindus as the, Mecca among Muslims and Kyoto in Japan.
The common culture, language, way of life and many kinds of civilizations that have been talked about in the universal civilization written by VS NAIPAUL and a new evolving shared culture of this type is also Can not be ruled out. And this change in Clash of Civilization and remaking of world order (Samual . p Huntington)has also given the name of Davos culture that the truth cannot be ruled out.
The Christmas fair in Varanasi is mostly held in the church. The most famous of these is the fair of St. Mary School. The centenary crowd attending this fair is Hindu, who does not know the religious significance of Christmas but understands the birthday of Christ well (Krishna’s birthday is also celebrated as Krishna Janmashtami and Krishna the famous Hindu god There is a lot of similarity in the childhood days of Christ.) Many Hindu traditions can be seen in Varanasi even in the new year.
There is a lot of crowd in temples to seek the blessings of God on New Year’s Day.
Many Hindus like New Year and Christmas too because there is no restriction on eating non-veg. In general, non-veg eating is completely prohibited in Hindu festivals. The old generation has not forgotten the impact of non-violence on Hinduism by Buddhism and Jainism even in this new year, because of this reason eggs are not used in cakes and pastries. (Buddha gave his first sermon in Varanasi itself and the famous 23rd tirthankar of Jainism was from Varanasi)
All this is going to make Christmas and New Year complicated for a foreigner, but it is not a problem for a person living in Varanasi.
It does not seem to be a problem even for some Americans and Europeans who have been running Good hope Bakery in my neighborhood and have been living in Varanasi for twenty years.Two or three years ago, on the christmas , they were distributing cakes in the society, asking “andey wala bina andey wala” (egg or without egg cake)
What I’ve enjoyed most, though, is meeting people who have a real interest in food and sharing ideas with them. Good food is a global thing and I find that there is always something new and amazing to learn – I love it! Jamie Oliver
विवेकानंद ने अपना शरीर त्यागने से कुछ दिन पहले अपने आराध्य शिव की नगरी में जहाँ कुछ समय बिताया. ( गोपाल लाल विला) राजा काली कृष्ण ठाकुर का garden house
1971 भारत पाकिस्तान युद्ध के नायक hero” मानेकशॉ” ने एक बार कहा था कि”भारत की सबसे बड़ी समस्या भ्रष्टाचार,राजनीति-दुर्बलता, जनसंख्या(Corruption, political will ,Population) नहीं वरन जिम्मेदार नेतृत्व का न होना है”.
सिकंदर ने कहा था कि “मुझे शेरो की उस सेना से डर नहीं लगता जिसका नेतृत्व एक भेड़िये के हाथ मे हो मुझे भेडियो की उस सेना से डर लगता है जिसका नेतृत्व एक शेर के हाथ मे हो”. इन बातों से नेतृत्व के महत्व का पता चलता है. परन्तु लीडर बनने के लिए जरूरत होती है त्याग की, बलिदान की. अगर किसी बड़े काम को करने के लिए कोई व्यक्ति जान देने को तैयार हो तो ही वह सच्चा लीडर हो सकता है. विवेकानंद ने 1857 की क्रांति के असफल होने का प्रमुख कारण सच्चे नेतृत्व का अभाव बताया है इसी कारण से शायद , उन्होने देश को प्रतेक क्षेत्र मे सच्चा नेतृत्व प्रदान करने वाले लोगो को जागृत केर देश सेवा मे लगा दिया .
सैकड़ो वर्ष की गुलामी मे अपने धर्मं, भाषा, संस्कृति, सभ्यता को हीन (inferior) समझने वाले और कुरीति, आडम्बर, ढकोसला (malpractice ,hypocrisy) को ही धर्म समझने वाले लोगो को किस प्रकार से उन्होनो जागृत (awake) किया, जिम्मेदार नेतृत्व में ये याद दिलाया, की तुम श्रेष्ठ हो किसी से कम नहीं.( तुम शुद्ध हो, मुक्त हो, महान हो) और वर्तमान में उसकी क्या उपयोगिता है जिससे मज़बूत भविष्य की नींव रखी जा सके. “गुलामी बुरी चीज़ है”(slavery is a bad thing) मद्रास में ये बात उन्होने कही जो एक नयी बात थी अभी तो देश में लोगों ने ऐसा सोचना शुरू भी नहीं किया था. वास्तव में स्वामी जी नायको के नायक थे. महात्मा गांधी, सुभाष चंद्र बोस, अरविन्द घोष, निवेदिता, जमशेद जी टाटा, विमल मित्र शचीन्द्रनाथ सान्याल दो बार आजीवन कारावास की सजा पानेवाले (“हिंदुस्तान प्रजातंत्र संगठन” hindustan republican association H.R.A की स्थापना आप ही के द्वारा की गयी, जिनकी पुस्तक क्रांतिकारियों की बाईबिल “बंदी जीवन” के नाम से से जानी जाती थी और जिसका दो दर्जन से ज्यादा भाषा मे अनुवाद हुआ .आगे चलकर त्रैलोक्य चक्रवर्ती ,भगवती चरण वोहरा, चंद्रशेखर आजाद, नलिनी किशोर गुह, बाबा पृथ्वी सिंह, भगत सिंह, रास बिहारी बोस, सुखदेव, राजगुरु, लाला हरदयाल, अजीत सिंह आदि इन के सहयोगी रहे ). राजनीतिक कारणों से इस महापुरुष को हम लगभग भुला ही चुके हैं. वर्तमान मे अन्ना हजारे, नरेंद्र मोदी और अनगिनत लोगों के विवेकानंद प्रेरणा स्रोत हैं और रहेंगे. अलग अलग क्षेत्र के लोगों को एक व्यक्ति के द्वारा प्रभावित होना एक दुर्लभ घटना है उन्होने सबसे पहले गरीब,दलित, महिलाओं (poor,depressed) की बात की. अनेक संत आए साधु आए, पर गरीब के बारे मै ऐसी बाते किसी ने नहीं कही थी “दरिद्र नारायण” गरीब की सेवा ही सबसे बड़ा धर्म है यही मातृभूमि की सेवा है और मातृभूमि की सेवा ही सब से बड़ा कार्य .”विश्व का एक व्यक्ति भी जब तक भूखा है प्रत्येक व्यक्ति तब तक गुनहगार है।“ उन्होने कहा की हिन्दू धर्म केवल एक बर्तन धर्मं “मुझको मत छुओ”(don’t touch) पर आ कर रुक गया है उस समय हिन्दू धर्म मे खास कर ब्राह्मणो मे छुआछूत का बड़ा बोलबाला था. और सारा धर्म केवल खाने का बर्तन तक सीमित हो कर रह गया था. किसी दलित के साथ खाना खाना तो दूर उसके बरतन को छू जाने से भी धर्म का नाश हो जाता था, इस प्रकार की परिस्थितियां ईसाई धर्म प्रचारकों (Christian missionaries) और अंग्रेज़ों को बहुत भाती थी अकाल, गरीबी भूखमरी के कारण बंगाल मे आम लोगों का जीवन बहुत कठिन हो गया था मृत्यु एक सामान्य घटना थी घर के पुरुष की मृत्यु पूरे परिवार को बेसहारा और लाचार बना देती थी. परिवार के अन्य सदस्य या विधवा हो चुकी औरतों जिनके पास कफन खरीदने के पैसे भी नहीं होते दाह संस्कार का खर्च और धार्मिक आडम्बर पाखंड धर्म भीरू समाज के डर से जीवित रहने के लिए धर्म परिवर्तन का सरल रास्ता अपना लेंती थीं हिन्दू धर्म की कुरीति, आडम्बर, ढकोसला छुआछूत (malpractice ,hypocrisy, untouchability) वास्तव मे हिन्दू धर्म के सबसे बड़े दुश्मन थे ये धर्म की सार्थकता (significance) को दीमक की तरह खा रहे थे. बंगाल के शिक्षित लोग केवल अंग्रेजों की खुशामद करना (flattery)और हिन्दू धर्म की बुराई कर अपने काम का अंत समझ लेते थे. बंगाल और देश के प्रतिष्ठित लोगो का समर्पण बंगाल में होने वाला ईसाई धर्म परिवर्तन देश की आज़ादी को कितना नुकसान पहुंचाते ये सोच से भी परे है. इसी कारण से महात्मा गांधी और सरदार पटेल ने भी धर्म परिवर्तन का पुर ज़ोर विरोध किया, अफ्रीका महाद्वीप के अनेक देशों को धर्म प्रचारकों की मदद से फिर प्रशासन के गंदे खेल ने “मूल धर्म”(basic religion) और “परिवर्तित धर्म”(converted religion) के लोगों में जो आग लगाई कि आज भी अनेक देश उस आग में झुलस रहे हैं .
गृह युद्ध(civil war) में लाखों लोग मारे जा चुके हैं प्राकृतिक संसाधन(natural-resources) पर अपरोक्ष (through)रूप से यूरोप के देश कब्ज़ा किये बैठे हैं. हिन्दू धर्म मे खुद को श्रेष्ठ समझने का भ्रम पाले बैठी जातियों को अपने सम्बोधन मे कहा की “ये अपने लोग हैं( दलित अछूत) इनसे कैसी नफरत ?जिस दिन तुम्हारे गलत व्यवहार से ये तुम्हारे विरोधी हो गए बचने का रास्ता नहीं मिलेगा .“अपने इन्हीं कामों के कारण स्वामी जी हिन्दू धर्म के पाखंडी, धर्म का धंधा करने वालों तथा ईसाई धर्म प्रचारकों दोनों को खटकने लगे, इन लोगों ने स्वामी जी को उल्टा सीधा कहने और गाली गलौज करने का कोई मौका नहीं छोड़ा. पर स्वामी जी अपने गुरु “रामकृष्ण परमहंस”,के बताए रास्ते पर मुट्ठी भर समर्थित बिना साधन के कुछ युवाओं के साथ देश सेवा और गरीबों और दुखियारों की सेवा मे लगे रहे. अपने अमेरिका और इंग्लैंड प्रवास के समय उन्होने वहां अपनी संस्कृति ,धर्म का सच्चा अर्थ आम लोगों तक पहुंचाने का काम किया (1893 The parliament of the world’s religions) मे हिन्दू धर्म पर उनके विचार तो “अमृत वचन” हैं .हज़ारों साल पुरानी हमारी सहिष्णुता,(tolerance) सहनशीलता योग, ध्यान से विश्व को अवगत (aware) कराया यही नहीं ईसाई धर्म प्रचारकों (Christian missionaries) द्वारा भारत को अँधेरी दुनिया (dark world)और भारतीयों को असभ्य बता कर अमेरिका मे उन्हे सभ्य बनाने का पुण्य काम (holy work) का दावा और चन्दा इकट्ठा करने की साजिश का भी खुलासा किया, अपने स्वभाव के अनुरूप अमेरिका और यूरोप के अनेक क्षेत्रों के विद्वानो को प्रभावित किया. महानतम वैज्ञानिकों मे से एक निकोला टेस्ला, ऐलडस हक्सले,टालस्टॉय,जा डी सेलिंगेर जैसे लेखक रॉकफेलर जैसे धनकुबेर(very rich) उनके विचारों से प्रभावित हुए रॉकफेलर जैसे धनकुबेर पूंजीपति का समाज की भलाई के इतनी ज्यादा मात्रा मे धन दान करना अपने आप में एक अनोखी घटना थी विवेकानंद को केवल सन्यासी मानना गलत होगा वो एक योद्धा सन्यासी (warrior monk)थे. एक ऐसा युवा योद्धा सन्यासी जो अपने देश के लिए, धर्म, संस्कृति सभ्यता, भाषा के लिए संपूर्ण मानवता, के कल्याण के लिए और इनकी रक्षा के लिए आजीवन कहीं भी लड़ने से पीछे नहीं हटा अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन ने एक बार कहा था कि” मै एक लड़ाकू शांतिप्रिय हूँ, शान्ति के लिए मैं बुरे लोगों से हर वक़्त लड़ने को तैयार रहता हूँ. “विवेकानंद पर भी यह बात उतनी ही सही बैठती है.
वर्तमान में भारत की और विश्व की अनेक समस्याए हैं- इस्लामिक टेररिज्म , इस्लामिक चरमपंथी, i.s.i.s का उदय देश मे ईसाई धर्म प्रचारकों, धर्म परिवर्तन का गंदा खेल, राजनीतिक बैर, वोट बैंक की राजनीति, अंधविश्वास, धार्मिक पाखण्ड और हर शहर गाँव मे फैला पाखण्डियों का मायाजाल (हाल के वर्षों मे बाबा और गुरु जी)लोंगो की कारगुजारियों से हम सब ही परिचित हैं. ये हमारी संस्कृति सभ्यता के सबसे बड़े दुश्मन हैं. इन समस्याओं से समाज को किसी योद्धा की तरह लड़ने की जरुरत है विवेकानंद की मूर्ति को माला पहनाने से कुछ नहीं होगा. उनके योद्धा की तरह किये गए कामोँ को आने वाली पीढियों को बताना होगा , और उनकी ही तरह लड़ना होगा जब विश्व “सभ्यताओँ के संघर्ष (clash of civilization)” का एक खुला मैदान बन गया हो, तो अपनी सभ्यता संस्कृति को बचाने के लिए लड़ना ही पड़ता है. जो अपने महापुरुषों से इतिहास से नहीं सीखता उसको सभ्यताओँ के संघर्ष में जीतने वाली सभ्यता से सीखना पड़ता है और ये सीख आने वाली पीढियों को बहुत भारी पड़ती है.
विवेकानंद और बनारस (वाराणसी)
सिस्टर निवेदिता ने एक बार एक घटना का जिक्र करते हुए बताया की विवेकानंद की माँ भुवनेश्वरी देवी की एक पुत्र की इच्छा थी जिस कारण से बनारस मे अपने एक रिश्तेदार को उन्होने बीरेश्वर महादेव (शिव मंदिर )में रोज़ उनके लिए पूजा करने का आग्रह किया 12 जनवरी 1863 को पुत्र होने के बाद इसी कारण से उसका नाम बीरेश्वर रखा गया परन्तु बोलने मे कठिन होने के कारण नामकरण के समय उनका नाम “नरेंद्र नाथ दत्त” (नरेन्) रखा गया लेकिन अपने घर वालों के लिए वो सदा “बिली” के नाम से ही जाने जाते रहे। बाद मे अनेकों बार विवेकानंद का बनारस आना हुआ विवेकानंद भूदेव मुखोपाध्याय, तैलंग-स्वामी से भी मिले.1890 गाजीपुर (बनारस के निकट ) इलाहाबाद भी इनका आना हुआ और इन स्थानों पर समय व्यतीत किया “भय पर विजय की शिक्षा” भी उन्हे यहीं मिली. दुर्गाकुण्ड मंदिर से आते समय बंदरों से सामना होने पर एक साधु के कहने पर आप ने बंदरों से डर के भागने के स्थान पर बंदरों को भगाया ये छोटी घटना से स्वामी जी ने सच और डर का सामना करने का का अनोखा पाठ पढ़ा. इस छोटी घटना का उन पर बहुत प्रभाव पड़ा, और इसका जिक्र उन्होने अनेक स्थानों पर किया. प्रमादादास मित्रा, जिनसे विवेकानंद की मित्रता थी, और उनसे उन्होने संस्कृत का भी ज्ञान लिया था. प्रमादादास मित्रा जी ने गीता का इंग्लिश मे अनुवाद भी किया था. स्वामी जी वाराणसी आने पर इनके ही घर रुका करते थे. 1902 मे विवेकानंद का आना एक दूसरा अर्थ रखता था, अब वो स्वामी विवेकानंद विश्वप्रसिद्ध ,दार्शनिक और विद्वान थे, परन्तु बेहद कमज़ोर और बीमार, बंगाल के प्रसिद्ध लेखक शंकर ने अपनी किताब the monk as man में chapter 4पेज 175 ,176 मे उनकी 31 बिमारियों के बारे मे और इन बिमारियों से दृहता से लड़ते हुए सामाजिक भलाई मे लगे रहने का जिक्र किया है. स्वामी जी इस बार बनारस आ कर राजा काली कृष्ण ठाकुर के गार्डन हाउस गोपाल लाल विला मे रुके स्थानीय लोग इस जगह को सोंधा बास भी कहते थे यहाँ विवेकानंद जी लगभग एक महीना तक रुके राजा काली कृष्ण ठाकुर के गार्डन हाउस गोपाल लाल विला का अपने पत्रो मे जिक्र करते हुए इस स्थान को स्वास्थ्य के अनुकूल बताया, स्वास्थ्य ख़राब होने के बाद भी यहाँ सामाज़िक गतिविधियों मे लगे लोगों से मिलते रहे स्वामी जी से प्रभावित हो कर “दरिद्र नारायण सेवा समिति” “poor men’s relief association” का गठन करने वाले चारु चंद्र दास सहयोगी सदाशिवनन्द(आप ही ने स्वामी जी की इस बार बनारस में आगवानी की और गोपाललाल विला में उनके प्रवास के बारे मे स्वामी विवेकानंद संस्मरण नाम से एक लेख लिखा) लगभग प्रतिदिन मिलने आते थे आप लोगों के अनुरोध पर स्वामी जी ने संगठन का नाम” the Ramakrishna home of service” कर दिया जो आगे चल कर और वर्तमान में वाराणसी का एक प्रमुख हॉस्पिटल है. समाज सेवा मे लगे उदय प्रताप से भी उनके गार्डन घर पर जा कर मिले. केदार घाट के पुजारी से भी मुलाकात .की यहाँ से जाने के कुछ महीनों बाद ही(4july 1902) स्वामी जी मृत्यु हो गयी. स्वामी जी के अंतिम दिनों का साक्षी उनका निवास स्थल वर्तमान मे गोपाल लाल विला एक खण्डहर बन चूका है क्या ही अच्छा होता की सरकार भारत की सांस्कृतिक राजधानी(cultural capital of India) वाराणसी मे इस खण्डहर को एक धरोहर रूप प्रदान करती, भारत की सांस्कृतिक राजधानी मे भारत की संस्कृति को बचाने वाले और सम्पूर्ण विश्व को भारत की संस्कृति से परिचित कराने वाले योद्धा सन्यासी (warrior monk) विवेकानंद की इस धरोहर को बचाने का प्रयास तो होना ही चाहिए. वाराणसी का पुराना नाम काशी है जिसका अर्थ होता है प्रकाश. पर यहाँ प्रकाश का अर्थ ज्ञान से है कृत्रिम प्रकाश से नहीं. मालवीय जी ने भी वाराणसी को सर्व विद्या की राजधानी कहा था. गौतम बुद्ध महावीर स्वामी, कबीर, तुलसी, न जाने कितनो को इस शहर ने प्रभावित किया देश ही नहीं विदेश मार्क ट्वेन, स्टीव जॉब्स, जॉर्ज हैरिसन इस शहर से प्रेरणा लेते रहे. इस प्रकार से न जाने कितने अनगिनत व्यक्तियों प्रेरणा देने वाले शहर मे अनगिनत व्यक्तियों को प्रेरित करने वाले व्यक्ति का स्मारक एक पुनीत कार्य(holy work) होगा और ये स्वामी जी के प्रति हमारी सच्ची श्रद्धांजलि.(tribute)