National Symbols and Identity

A short glimpse of why I decided to write this post.

A few days ago, my wife had to go for corona vaccination, I had already been vaccinated two months ago so I was aware of the corona vaccination center nearest to my house, on the request of my wife, I agreed to go with her .The corona vaccination center was five kilometers away from my house. It was a government hospital. Surprisingly there was silence when we both reached the Corona Vaccination Center .Then a nurse showed up, we asked her for information on corona vaccination. She pointed out to the primary school adjacent to the hospital, understanding his gesture, we proceeded towards the primary school, why the vaccination was in the school instead of the hospital? I soon came to know the reason of this from the people who have came their to get vaccinated. Now the speed of vaccination is getting fast, and due to more and more people coming for vaccination, patients of other diseases were facing problems in the hospital, the hospital ground was small. I found the decision of the hospital administration to be right. Due to Corona, all the schools are closed, in such a situation there is no problem to use the school building as a vaccination center.

The vaccination campaign was going on in full swing in the school. There were separate queues of women and men. My wife went to the women’s row and queued up. There were like fifteen, twenty women in the queue, all waiting for their turn wearing masks. (Corona vaccination is free all over India) I had few minutes so I started looking carefully at the school courtyard, buildings, artefacts made by school students Bright colors were used extensively in the artworks made by young children. Similarly, the geometrical figures made by the children were also full of bright, dazzling colors.
Suddenly my attention was drawn to an artwork depicting national symbols.
Seeing a fair chance to check my general knowledge, I decided to read it. To my surprise I was unaware of a national identity. (National sweet – Jalebi.)I was astonished even more when I saw the name of Hockey written in the national game. Under the right to information, some people had asked the government for information regarding the national game, According to the information given by the government, India does not have any National sport. It was a misinformation about the national identity inside the school building! I felt very strange, I looked for any staff of the school but I didn’t find any, I saw a suggestion box . I quickly wrote information related to this topic on a piece of paper and dropped it in the suggestion box. Two or three days after this incident, I got a call from my childhood friend Saurabh. While talking, I mentioned this incident to him, he was also surprised. I mentioned symbols of national identity to my son, he was also not aware of some symbols, so under general information I thought of writing a post on this topic.



The national flag of India has three equal-proportioned stripes. Saffron is at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. There is a blue wheel in the middle of the white stripe. This wheel is taken from the Ashoka Pillar kept in the Sarnath Museum. There are twenty-four spoked in it, which symbolize being working (moving) round the clock. Saffron color symbolizes courage, white color symbolizes peace and coexistence, while green color represents fertility and prosperity of the country.


The national anthem of India is Jana Gana-Mana. This national anthem is written by the great poet Rabindranath Tagore. The national anthem of India was originally written in Bengali. After independence, the independent Constituent Assembly of the country accepted it as the national anthem on 24 January 1950. Instructions are issued from time to time regarding the correct version of the National Anthem, the occasions on which it should be played or sung and the need to give respect to the National Anthem in order to maintain the proper dignity on these occasions.


The national song of India is Vande Mataram. The national song is taken from the book Anand Math written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. The song vande Mataram was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1870, in 1882 this song was added to the book Anand Math. In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve. The novel, based on the revolt of the monks of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country. For more information about this subject please visit :-


The Lion Capital is the national emblem of India. It has been taken from the Ashoka Lot found in Sarnath. It has four lions standing facing all the four directions. The Dhamma Chakra was built on these four lions, which was found in many pieces in the excavation. These four lions are standing on a solid base. There are also four other animals on the base. Each of these four animals has its place as a symbol of Buddhism: the lion represents Sakyasimha, lion of the Sakya clan, with the voice of a lion; the elephant signifies Sakyamuni entering the womb of his mother Mayadevi in her dream, but also Sakyamuni as the tamer of wild elephants; the horse, besides being a symbol of temporal royalty, is the vehicle that carried Prince Siddhartha on his journey of renunciation; finally, the bull is the great inseminator, here symbolising the Buddha’s teaching, the Dharma. The horse and elephant together support the Wheel-turning Monarch. In the center is the Dhammachakra. (ASHOKA THE SEARCH FOR INDIA’S LOST 334.335) For more information about this subject please visit :-



Lotus :- The national flower of India is lotus. In ancient Hindu civilization, it has the status of a sacred flower. It has always been found in the description of Hindu gods and goddesses and in the picture stories. In many sculptures, Gautam Buddha is also depicted sitting on a lotus flower, or in a meditative posture. Many mythological stories are related to this flower, it has also played a major role in the first freedom struggle of India. Roti(Indian bread ) and lotus were the symbols of rebellion in the first freedom struggle. Lotus is found in abundance in almost the whole India, especially in the rural areas of Bengal.



National River:- The Ganges River is considered the most sacred river by the Hindus. It originates from the Himalayas and joins the Bay of Bengal. In this journey, the river Ganges completes a journey of about 2500 km. Many ancient and religious cities of Hindus are situated on the banks of this river. HARIDWAR,PRAYAGRAJ KANPUR,VARANASI,MIRZAPUR,FARRUKHABAD, KANNAUJ,BHAGALPUR,PATNA,HAJIPUR,MUNGER,KOLKATA etc.) Many religious festivals of Hindus are organized in the cities situated on the banks of this river. For more information about this subject please visit :-



The Banyan tree has got the status of the National tree of India. It is found in abundance in almost all of South Asia. Many religious customs and festivals of Hindus are associated with this tree. The Vat Vriksha is also called the Banyan tree. There is a story behind it. The Banyan tree is huge, due to which many shopkeepers used to set up their small shop under the Banyan tree in the village, countryside, naturally the Banyan tree also protected them from heat, winter rain, and for this, they had to spend no money. Or no special effort had to be made. In India, the merchants are also called Baniya, for this reason, the British started calling this tree by the name of Banyan.  Hindu women fast and worship the banyan tree for the long life of their husbands. Surely this tradition must have started in ancient times, influenced by the vastness of the Banyan tree, and its long life. In Hindus, in such religious festivals, there is an association of that festival with some ancient event. For more information about this subject please visit :-



The national sweet of India is Jalebi. Equally popular all over India. A staple breakfast in North India. In North India, it is eaten with milk, curd, and rabri. It is also mentioned in ancient religious texts. In modern times, many culinary experts have done many experiments with Jalebi, and have found methods of making it in different ways.


Peacock has been the hallmark of Indian culture. It is mentioned a lot in ancient scriptures. Lord Krishna of Hindus is depicted with peacock feathers since ancient times. Peacock is mentioned as the vehicle of Kartikeya, the son of Lord Shiva. It is represented by carvings in all the major ancient buildings of India. It also had a prominent place in the Painting of India. Peacock is also called the king of birds in India due to its unique beauty, charming color. When the peacock dances with its wings spread in the rainy season, then a wonderful, panoramic view can be seen. The peacock was declared the national bird of India on 26 January 1963.
PEACOCK meat was eaten in ancient times.

Formerly, in the kitchen of Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi,(ASHOKA ) hundreds of thousands of animals were killed every day to make curry. But now with the writing of this Dharma edict only three creatures, two peacocks and a deer, are killed, and the deer not always. And in time, not even these three creatures will be killed.

At present the hunting of peacock is completely banned. There is a provision of imprisonment for any person from three years to seven years for hunting a peacock.


Goddess Durga, a symbol of power in Hinduism, can always be seen riding a tiger. Since ancient times, the tiger has been considered a symbol of power and majesty. Due to strength, agility and immense power, the tiger has got the status of the national animal of India. Tigers were hunted indiscriminately during the British Raj, resulting in a sharp decline in their numbers. After independence, the focus was on increasing their numbers. Tiger Project started in 1973, many tiger reserves were established. Soon promising results began to appear. At present, about 75% of the world’s tigers are found in India. The tiger is a powerful icon of India‚Äôs cultural and natural heritage, and its survival has been a top priority for WWF-India since it was founded.

During the British period, a great hunter named Jim Corbett also did a lot of work on the conservation of tigers. A great hunter and protector ? It will sound a bit strange but it is the truth. Jim Corbett had hunted only man-eating tigers and leopards in his life. A tiger reserve has been named Jim Corbett National Park in his honour. Jim Corbett has also written some great books on man-eating tigers and their terror. Man -Eaters of Kumaou is one such book. The tiger is also a very shy animal, so there is very limited literature available on them. Those who are interested in tigers, rural life of Uttarakhand, ancient temples must read this book