India is a country of festivals. The geographical diversity and the changes in climate are also a major reason for this. One such festival is Basant Panchami. This festival shows the happiness of the arrival of spring .Nature gives information about the arrival of spring. Crops, trees, plants all cover the yellow sheet. To show respect for nature, it is custom to wear yellow clothes and special worship on Basant Panchami.
There is also a tradition of celebrating Basant Panchami as Saraswati Puja. According to the belief of Hinduism, Goddess Saraswati is considered to be the goddess of knowledge.
Since ancient times, knowledge has been considered paramount in Hinduism.
It is due to such belief that Maa Saraswati occupies the highest position. According to the concept of Hinduism since ancient times, the mother has been given the highest position in the society. for more information please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2019/09/19/bileybanarasvivekanandavaranasi/
“Why should the Hindu mother be worshipped? Our philosophers try to find a reason and they come to this definition: We call ourselves the Aryan race. What is the Aryan? He is a man whose birth is through religion .this is a peculiar subject, perhaps in this country; but the idea is that a man must be born through religion, through prayers. If you take up our law books you will find chapters devoted to this—the prenatal influence of a mother on the child”. (SWAMI VIVEKANANDA) for more information please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2021/01/11/is-vivekananda-still-relevant-today-national-youth-day/
For this reason, there is a tradition of seeing the precious life provided by nature as a mother. Today, there is also the tradition of aarti of rivers in Hindu holy places, (Varanasi,Haridwar,Prayagraj, and many places). for more information about Varanasi please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2019/12/31/oldest-living-city-happy-new-year/ Under the Aarti, the river is thanked for its priceless contribution to the development of human life. The religious Hindu still does not forget to thank the river for its life-form after bathing in the river. Many festivals of Hindus are associated with holy bathing in rivers. for more information please visit :- http://nithinks.com/2020/12/01/dev-deepawali-festival-of-light-city-of-light/ In the same way, the tradition of thanking forests, earth, country etc.
Hinduism cannot be imagined without rivers.
Let there be peace in my environment! Let there be peace in the forces that act on me! for more information please visit:- http://nithinks.com/2021/01/18/makar-sankranti-is-an-ancient-hindu-festival-or-the-burden-of-old-tradition/
Om. May peace radiate there in the whole sky as well as in the vast ethereal space everywhere.
May peace reign all over this earth, in water and in all herbs, trees and creepers.
May peace flow over the whole universe.
May peace be in the Whole Universe. And may there always exist in all peace and peace alone.
Om peace, peace and peace to us and all beings!
— (Translation by Swami Abhedananda, Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, India)
Many historians believe that in ancient times the Saraswati language, script was popular among the upper class of the society. Saraswati language, script was used in the work of administration, due to the tradition of seeing the form of mother in rivers, nature, forests, trees, country,Surprisingly, Saraswati, the goddess of education, art and music, is first mentioned in the Yajurveda.(1500-1000B.C)
In many families, children are taught alphabets for the first time on this day. Similarly, the beginning of music practice is considered auspicious from today. Various types of cultural programs are organized in schools, educational institutions.
SURYAKANT TRIPATHI (NIRALA) BIRTHDAY
There is hardly anyone in North India who is not familiar with the name of Nirala. Nirala’s birthday was on the day of Basant Panchami (Saraswati Puja) according to the Hindu calendar. Nirala Ji was no less than a revolutionary in Hindi poetry. Hindi literature was going through a phase of change, Nirala was one of the flag bearers of this change. Many people have called him the Walt-Whitman of Hindi literature. I find such a comparison meaningless because both came from different culture, civilization, language. It is just like comparing Kalidas and Shakespeare. Yes, an analogy can be seen in both legends, despite writing on modern problems, democracy, nature, human nature, in the literature of both legends, about the culture of the country and identity Deep attachment is seen.
My Nana JI was a student of Allahabad University in those days. In a poet’s conference, he took autograph of Nirala ji. In his autograph Nirala Ji also wrote a few lines of his famous poem. This poem is one of the most famous poems of modern Hindi literature.
Jaago Phir Ek Baar pyaare Jagaate Hue Haare Sab Taare Tumhen, arun-pankh Tarun-kirana khaddee Kholatee Hai Dvaar-jaago Phir Ek Baar.
In the schools of North India, the school routine begins with prayer. Saraswati Vandana has got place in most of these schools as a prayer. Nirala ji was written to Saraswati Vandana. Extremely talented, and due to being born on the day of Saraswati Puja and writing Saraswati Vandana, the general public also called him by the name of Saraswatis son.(Saraswati Putra) With his original writing, you have made a tremendous contribution to Hindi literature.
SAROJ SMRITI:-Mourning song
Nirala ji started the new tradition of poetry by breaking the old, orthodox traditions. In this episode, he wrote a poem in memory of his young daughter’s death. The compilation of this poem is known as Saroj Smriti.
Ram’s Shaktipooja (राम की शक्ति पूजा)
Nirala ji spent his childhood in Bengal. . In Bengal, there is an ancient tradition of showing Goddess Durga in Shakti form to show respect for women. This tradition is deeply felt not only in the religious, social movements of Bengal but also in Bengali literature.
For what is a nation? What is our mother country? it is not a piece of earth, Nor a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind .it is a mighty Shakti, composed of the shaktis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani Mahisha Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into Unity. The Shakti we call India Bhawani Bharti is the living unity of three hundred million, people but she is inactively imprisoned in the magic circle of the tamas the self-indulgent inertia and ignorance of her sons to get rid of tamas we have but to wake the Brahma within. (Sri Aurobindo)
The influence of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Vivekananda, Arvind Ghosh, the pioneers of the re-awakening of Bengal can be easily felt on Nirala’s literature. Ram’s Shakti Pooja poem was published in Nirala’s poetry collection Anamika
Nirala ji had translated Anand Math novel written by Bankim Chandra for more information please visit:- http://nithinks.com/2021/01/25/bharat-mata-mandirmother-india-temple-and-vande-mataram/
In his novel Anand Math, Bankim Chandra wrote the valor of the revolutionaries who challenged the British and made the Indians realize that freedom is their first right, which is the solemn duty of every Indian to achieve. The novel, based on the revolt of the monks of Bengal against British imperialism, had a song on the worship of the motherland. The title of this song was —- Vande Mataram. Later this title became the epitome of opposition to British imperialism. Its popularity can be understood from the fact that it was accepted for greetings throughout the country.
2 thoughts on “Basant-Panchami, Saraswati Pooja, Nirala’s Birthday”
A very informative post. Enjoyed reading it.
Thank you very much, I thought you had a keen interest in Indian tradition and history